Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Copy of Commas

No description
by

Bronwen Gerber

on 26 June 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Copy of Commas

The Commands of the Comma
First thing's first...
Commas and Clauses
Comma Rule 2
What is a clause?
Insert a
comma
between
two independent clauses
that are joined with a coordinating conjunction
Independent Clause
Comma Rule 1
Insert a comma

between two
independent clauses
(sentences) that are joined with a coordinating
conjunction
Comma Rule 1
Dependent Clause
A
dependent
or subordinate clause
does not express

a complete idea
, so it
must
be
connected
to an independent clause.
Comma Rule 2
Use a comma after a long
introduction
at the
start
of a sentence.

The introduction is in the form of an
Introductory Dependent Clause.
It provides
background information
or "sets the stage" for the
main part
of the sentence (The independent clause)

Common trigger words
:
after, although, if, because, before, since, though, until, when, infinitives with "ING" (driving)

Comma Rule 2
A Clause is a
group of words
that has a
verb
and a
subject
REMINDER:
a
verb

shows
action

(run, jump, turn, choose)
or
state of being

(is, are, were, was, am)

A
subject

is the
who
or

what

that
performs the verb
Makennah

danced
Jose
juggled
Beto
slept

What is the subject?
What is the verb?
The good news about commas and clauses...




THEY GO TOGETHER!

An independent or
main clause
expresses a
complete thought
. It can
stand alone,
or it can be
connected
to another clause

To put it
simply:
an independent clause is a
complete sentence
.
This is important for comma rule 1 because...
Reminder:

A coordinating conjunction is the
connector
word, one of the
FANBOYS
F
or
A
nd
N
or
B
ut
O
r
Y
et
S
o
Sentence 1
<comma>
FANBOYS
Sentence 2
.
PLACE THE COMMAS
:
1. Marco became a famous chef and he opened his own five-star restaurant.
2. Adari and Denajah wanted to start a band so they bought a guitar and tambourine.
3. Chanel and Pamela wanted to go swimming but it looked like it was going to storm soon.

hint: identify the independent clause and coordinating conjunction first!
1.
Marco became a famous chef

,
and

he opened his own five-star restaurant
.

2.
Adari and Denajah wanted to start a band
,
so
they bought a guitar and tambourine.

3.
Chanel and Pamela wanted to go swimming
,
but
it looked like it was going to storm soon
.
To put it simply:
A dependent clause is an
incomplete
sentence
Comma Rule 2
Introductory Information (dependent)
COMMA

Sentence (independent)
1. After Besty performed her choreographed dance for her dance class everyone cheered.

2. If Kyler lands his 360 spin, he will take the lead in the BMX competition.

3. Looking for a new place to live his life, Mustafa retired to a private island off the Atlantic Coast.
Comma Rule 2

1.

After Besty performed her choreographed dance for her dance class

,
everyone cheered.


2.
If Kyler lands his 360 spin
,

he will take the lead in the BMX competition.

3.
Looking for a new place to live
,

Mustafa retired to a private island off the Atlantic Coast.
Comma Rule 3
Use
two commas
to set off
unnecessary
or
additional information
from the rest of the sentence

To put it simply
: Use two commas to separate information that is not essential to the meaning of the sentence.


Restrictive & Nonrestrictive Clauses
Restrictive Clause:
Essential to the meaning
of the sentence. You will
not
use a comma with these.

The students
who worked as interns last year
are the ones to hire.

Nonrestrictive Clause
:
Provides
additional information
, but it is
not essential to the meaning
of the sentence. You
will
use commas with these,

Cody
,
who is really interested in cars
,
had fun at the racing event this weekend.
Comma Rule 3
1. The magician who was wearing a tall hat pulled a flower out of Reed's ear.

2. Gabriel's pet dragon which no one believed he owned exhaled fire all over the football field.

3. The zombies often called brain-eating monsters became friends with Lino and Chris.
Beginning of sentence

<C1>

extra information (Non-Restrictive Clause)
<C2>
end of sentence.
Comma Rule 3
1.
The magician
,
who was wearing a tall hat
,
pulled a flower out of Reed's ear.

2.
Gabriel's pet dragon
,

which no one believed he owned
,
exhaled fire all over the football field.

3.
The zombies
,
often called brain-eating monsters
,
became friends with Lino and Chris.
Comma Rule 4
Use a comma after
each item
in a
series
(3 or more)
Main part of sentence

Item 1

<comma>
Item 2

<comma>
and

item 3.
1. Ms. Buckley put blood sweat and tears into making this Prezi presentation.

2. I hope you have learned how to use comma rule one comma rule two comma rule three and comma rule four.

Place the Commas:

1. After Besty performed her choreographed dance for her dance class everyone cheered.

2. If Kyler lands his 360 spin he will take the lead in the BMX competition.

3. Looking for a new place to live Mustafa retired to a private island off the Atlantic Coast.
Comma Rule 4
1.
Ms. Buckley

put
blood
,

sweat
,

and

tears

into making this Prezi presentation.

2.
I hope you have learned how to use

comma rule one
,
comma rule two
,
comma rule three
,
and

comma rule four.
Comma Rule 1
introductory clause

<comma>

independent clause
Full transcript