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Skin Cancer

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by

Carly Jarboe

on 17 May 2011

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Transcript of Skin Cancer

Melanoma UVR Skin Cancer: The Harmful things it Causes UVR stands for Ultra-voiletRadiation the rays are made up of UVB and UVA Rays that come from the sun. If you do not have on proper protection the rays can damage your skin causing sunburn, wrinkles and cancer Some symptoms Melanoma
would be any change in your
skin growth or different color
of a mole or change in size and
shape. Later on you could
experience the bleeding or pain in that mole. Symptoms Treatments Chemotherapy can be
used to treat returning
melanoma.
Medications or surgery can also
be used to treat melanoma. Radiation can
also be used to treat melanoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma BCC may appear as a pearly or waxy. It can also be white, light pink, flesh colored, or brown. It also bleeds easily or does not heal. It could have an area in the middle that is sunken. Treatments They might cut the tumor out and put
stitches in to place the skin back together.
You could also have surgery, radiation, skin
cream, or freezing to cure BCC. Squamous Cell Carcinoma Symptoms:
A red firm spot that is located on
your body that might bleed sometimes.
A flat lesion that has a scaly crust on your face,
hands, neck or arms. Treatment They can be removed by surgery
or medication. They may also use
Laser therapy, Freezing, Radiation therapy
or Chemotherapy ABCDE's of skin cancer A- asymmetry
Normal moles or freckles are
completely symmetrical. If you have
skin cancer the mole or freckle will
not look the same on both sides.

B- border
A mole or spot with blurry and/or jagged
edges

C-color
A mole that is more than one hue is suspicious
and needs to be evaluated by a doctor. Normal
spots are usually one color. This can include
lightening or darkening of the mole.

D- diameter
If it is larger than a pencil eraser it needs to be examined.
This includes areas that do not have any other abnormailities
(color, border, asymmetry).

E- elevation
Elevation means that the mole would be raised above
the surface and has and uneven surface.
And/or evolving/ changing SPF SPF stands for sun protection factor, the number on the bottle (ex. 15, 30) represents how long you could stay in the sun with out burning. The equation to figure out the right number of spf is minutes to burn without sunscreen x SPF number = maximum sun exposure time Importance of using sunscreen Make sure that when you put on your sunscreen
that you apply enough. After you put on sunscreen
wait 20-30 minutes before going outside because it
takes 20-30 minutes for your skin to absorb the sunscreen A good broad-spectrum sunscreen should have an
SPF of at least 15 and contain avobenzone, titanium dioxide, or zinc oxide. This is how you will know if the sunscreen will protect you. The Correct number of sunscreen Main Risk Factors of Skin Cancer The most significant risk factor for skin cancer, by far, is well known: exposure to excessive ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or tanning salons.Your risk increases if you:
•have freckles and burn before tanning
•have fair skin or blond, red, or light brown hair
•are older (due to the accumulation of sun exposure over time)
•were previously treated for skin cancer (the chance of a second occurrence is 40%)
•have a family history of skin cancer (a genetic influence is more common in melanoma, however)
•live or vacation at high altitudes (UV radiation increases 4% to 5% for every 1,000 feet above sea level)
•live or vacation in tropical or subtropical climates (the risk doubles for those living in Florida or Arizona versus residents of Minnesota
•spend a lot of time or work outdoors How to Protect Yourself from
getting Skin Cancer Do not use tanning beds
Avoid the sun when its rays are the strongest
Wear protective clothing while in the sun
Wear sunglasses that block at least 99% of UVA light
Check your skin for signs of cancer Dangers of Tanning Beds Your eyes can develop cataracts and burns
You can get sunburn
The younger you are the more risk you are at for
getting skin cancer when you're older
Your risk of getting Melanoma, BCC, SCC will increase Myths about Skin Cancer As long as I tan and don't burn I don't have to worry
If you stay out of the sun between 10 a.m and 3 you dont have to worry
Naturally dark skin protects me from skin cancer
You don't have to put on sunscreen on cloudy days Statstics about Skin Cancer Skin cancer statistics show that the disease appears
most frequently on persons who have lighter skin tones.
In addition, people with light colored hair, and who
have blue, green, or gray eyes, are at a higher risk for developing skin cancer.
BCC skin cancer statistics show that some 800,000 Americans are affected with the cancer each year.
Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for about 200,000 cases of total skin cancer diagnoses.
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