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Ratifying the Constitution

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on 18 September 2017

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Transcript of Ratifying the Constitution

Ratifying the Constitution
(
Federalists
vs.
Anti-Federalists
)

FEDERALISTS
Led by
Alexander Hamilton
,
James Madison
,
George Washington
,
Ben Franklin
&
John Jay
Wrote a series of
essays

defending
their position (
Federalist Papers
)
We need a system of
national taxation
&
national defense
We need to be
unified
in our
policies
with
foreign nations
We need a
national government
that can
regulate commerce
&
trade
We need a
national currency
to
unify

economic growth
We need a
Congress
who can create a strong set of
national laws
applicable to everyone regardless of state
We need a strong
national executive branch
to become the
unified face
/
voice
of our government
We need a strong
national judicial branch
to
interpret
the
laws
fairly and evenly throughout the country
ANTI - FEDERALISTS
Led by
Patrick Henry
,
Sam Adams
,
Richard Henry Lee
Wrote a series of
essays
defending their position (
Anti-Federalist Papers
)
Strong
state governments
would best
represent
the voice of the
people
Advocated for a Bill of Rights (
was
not
included in the initial draft
)
Argued about the
threats
posed by
national taxation
(
too similar to that of the
King
)
Fearful of a
national standing army
(
the
state militias
should handle threats to each state
)
States should be able to enforce their own laws & commerce
The Failure of the Articles of Confederation provided the impetus for a stronger national government
Ratifying
the Constitution would create a
stronger
, more
stable

national government
States Rights Advocates
were afraid that this
stronger national government
would
take away power
from the
states
(
they wanted a system where each state was autonomous and free from national government control
)
Others
felt our nation
wouldn't survive
w/out a
strong nat'l gov't
As a result,
two groups
emerged in a
fierce debate
over whether or not we should ratify the Constitution
Federalists
- Believed that we needed a
strong national government
&
supported
the
ratification
Anti-Federalists
- Believed that the
states
should wield
more power
&
opposed
the
ratification
In-Class Activity
- For each quote, write down whether the
Federalists
or
Anti-Federalists
would have said it
_____ 1.) A
bill of rights
is not only
unnecessary
, but
dangerous
too
_____ 2.) The
Constitution
is itself, a
Bill of Rights
_____ 3.) This new
government
will be
no

different
than the
King
_____ 4.) What if
one state
wants to go to
war
, but
another

doesn't
_____ 5.)
state legislatures
are
closer
to the
people
& thus more

responsible
to
them
_____ 6.) Who will
remove
the
British
from our
lands
? The
war
is

over
and they still
haven't
left!
_____ 7.) I support
no
document
w/out
mention of
personal rights
_____ 8.)
One

currency
is needed to
boost

trade
& our
economy
!
_____ 9.) How we will
force
the
Spanish
to let us
use
the
Miss. River
THE FEDERALISTS WIN!!
The
American people
clearly wanted to see a
stronger national government
and most
supported
the adoption of the
Constitution
The
Anti-Federalists
capitulated and
agreed
to ratify the
Constitution
on condition that a
Bill of Rights
be added immediately after
ratification
The
Constitution
was ratified in
1788
and the
1st 10 amendments
(
Bill of Rights
) were officially added in
1791
Art. 1
- Legislative Branch *
Art. 6
- Supremacy of Nat'l Law
Art. 2
- Executive Branch *
Art. 7
- Ratification Process
Art. 3
- Judicial Branch *
Bill of Rights
Art. 4
- States & Federal Government
Art. 5
- Amending the Constitution
Full transcript