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Fungi and Plant Basics

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Heather Glazebrook

on 22 March 2015

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Transcript of Fungi and Plant Basics

Fungi and Plant Basics
Phylum Pteridophyte
A fern is a vascular plant that reproduces with spores and has neither seeds nor flowers. Ferns differ from mosses by being vascular (i.e. having water-conducting vessels).
Kingdom Fungi
Fungi are decomposes (break down dead plants and animals).

Fungi are also used to make medicine (antibiotics), and as a food source.
Plant Kingdom
All plants are multicellular, have a cell wall, and are autotrophs

Mosses are small flowerless plants that grow in dense green clumps, in damp, shady locations.

The individual plants are one-cell thick leaves. Mosses do not have seeds or any vascular tissue. Mosses produce thin stalks topped with capsules containing spores.


What are Fungi?
Fungi include mushrooms, molds, and yeast.
Fungi Structure
All fungi are eukaryotic. They may be unicellular or multicellular

All fungi have a cell wall made of chitin
(a carbohydrate)

Uses spores to reproduce

4 Major Plant groups
Bryophytes (Mosses)
Pteridophytes (Ferns)
Gymnosperms (cone bearers)
Angiosperms (Flowering plants)
Phylum Bryophyta
Key Words Defined
Vascular- tissue used to transport water and nutrients throughout plant. Consists of xylem and phloem

Non-vascular- does not contain vascular tissue

Seeds- embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering called the seed coat

Spores- a hard protective structure used in asexual reproduction
Phylum Gymnosperm
The gymnosperms are a group of seed-producing, vascular plants that includes conifers, cycads, and Ginkgo. The term "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek meaning "naked seeds". Gymnosperm seeds develop either on the surface of cones.
Phylum Angiosperm
The flowering plants (angiosperms), are the most diverse group of land plants.

Angiosperms are seed-producing vascular plants. Angiosperms differ from gymnosperms because they produce flowers (with seeds inside).

*The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms around 245–202 million years ago, and the first flowering plants known to exist are from 160 million years ago. *
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