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•The United Nations Environment Programme estimated in 2006
Transcript of •The United Nations Environment Programme estimated in 2006
So what does the programme exactly do?
Harmonizing monitoring systems of marine litter;
The management of abandoned and lost fishing gear;
Reception facilities for marine garbage and waste;
The development of economic instruments to better control the problem;
Addressing the tourist and diving sectors and industries;
Cooperation with global and regional beach clean up campaigns;
The development of outreach and educational material and other activities that will be identified as priority issues;
•The United Nations Environment Programme estimated in 2006 that every square mile of ocean contains 46,000 pieces of floating plastic.
Marine litter consists of articles that have been made or used by people and, subsequently, deliberately discarded or accidentally lost. In most cases, it is the result of careless handling or disposal of items of solid waste, including containers of liquid waste. However, it can also be material lost at sea in hard weather (fishing gear, cargo);
They are mostly very slowly degradable waste items — such as plastic, polystyrene, metals and glass;
Those materials are either discarded directly, brought indirectly to the sea with rivers, sewage, storm water or wind or left by people on beaches and shores;
What is it?
What does it do?
How does it do it?
Regional Seas Programme
UN programme (not an agency);
Founded in 1972;
UNEP’s global base is in Nairobi, Kenya;
Oversees and takes measures against environmental issues;
In charge of allying environment with development;
UNEP is an advocate, educator, catalyst and facilitator, promoting the wise use of the planet's natural assets for sustainable development;
“Provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.”
Promoting international cooperation;
Monitoring the status of the global environment;
Catalyzing environmental awareness;
Developing regional programs;
Helping to formulate and implement environmental policies;
Providing country-level environmental capacity building;
Helping to develop international environmental law;
Areas of action:
Launched in 1974 in the wake of the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm;
Aims to address the accelerating degradation of the world’s oceans and coastal areas through the sustainable management and use of the marine and coastal environment;
Today, more than 143 countries participate in 13 Regional Seas programmes established under the auspices of UNEP:
Black Sea, Wider Caribbean;
East Asian Seas;
South Asian Seas;
ROPME Sea Area;
Six of these programmes, are directly administered by UNEP;
If the world is like this:
You might end up like this:
Red Sea and Gulf of Aden;