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Elements and Principles of Art
Transcript of Elements and Principles of Art
The Principles of Art
The principles of art describe the ways artists use the elements of art in a piece of artwork.
The elements are real and the principles are how we see the relationships.An artwork will usually use all the principles.
Elements of Art
The elements are the creative tools needed to produce any piece of artwork.They are often used together, and how they are organised in a piece of art determines what the finished piece will look like.
Shape is a closed line and is two dimensional.Shapes can be geometric, like squares and circles or organic, like free-form or natural shapes. It could be just an outline or it could be shaded in.
Line is a mark with greater length than width. Lines create an outline or pattern. It can be horizontal, diagonal or curved. It can also change over its length, starting off curved and ending up horizontal.
The seven elements
The Seven Elements
Forms are three-dimensional shapes such as a cube, sphere or cone.In artworks, tone and perspective can be used to create an illusion of form.Sculpture and 3D design are about creating forms.
Texture gives the illusion of a texture or surface but if you touch it, it would be smooth.Textures can be rough or smooth, soft or hard. Texture can be created by using different lines, shapes, colors or tones.
Space is the area around, above, and within an object. 2-D space can best be described as an illusion.3-D Space can be defined as the space over, under, through, behind, and around a form.The positive space the space occupied by the subject. The negative space is the space that is not the subject.
Value refers to the lightness to darkness of a color.It helps to create an illusion of form in a 2D artwork and it can also be used to create the illusion of space as well.
Colors all came from red, yellow and blue the three primary colours and black and white. All other colours can be made form mixing the primary colours.Cool colours are colours on the blue side of the wheel.Warm colours are colours on the red side of the wheel. Color have three properties – hue, value, and intensity.
The Eight Principles
In movement an art should flow.It can be the suggestion of motion in a design as you move from object to object by way of placement. Movement can also directs the viewers eye throughout the picture plane.
Unity is the concept behind the artwork. Unity is the relationship among the elements that helps all the elements function together.Unity is how well different parts of an artwork build on each other. Unity gives a sense of oneness to a visual image.
Contrast offers some change in value creating a visual discord in a composition. Contrast shows the difference between shapes and can be used as a background to bring objects out and forward in a design. It can also be used to create an area of emphasis.
Pattern is the repeating visual elements such as line, color, shape, texture, value or image tends to unify the total effect of a work of art as well as create rhythm. Pattern makes the artwork seem active.
Balance is a feeling of visual equality in shape, form, value, color, etc. Balance can be symmetrical or evenly balanced or asymmetrical and radial balance.Objects, values, colors, textures, shapes, forms, etc., can be used in creating a balance in a composition.
Variety is the quality of having different forms or types. The differences give an artwork visual and conceptual interest: notably use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.
Proportion is the relationship of two or more elements in an artwork and how they compare with one another. Proportion is said to exist between the elements with respect to size, color, quantity, degree, or setting. Good proportion adds harmony, symmetry, or balance on the artwork.
Harmony in an artwork means all parts of the visual image relate to and complement each other. Harmony pulls the pieces of an artwork together.