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Nonfiction

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by

Joe Feldman

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Nonfiction

Elements of Nonfiction
Other important Elements of Nonfiction
Facts and Opinions

Subjective Writing

Objective Writing

Narrative and Expository Writing

Tone

Satire

Rhetoric
Facts vs. Opinions
Facts
= can be proven to be true; uses numbers and statistics; people, places, and events

Examples: 1) President Obama is America's current president and has been elected for two terms.
2) California was the 31st state in the USA; it was admitted on September 9, 1850.

Opinions
= A person(s) thoughts and feelings; can only be supported with evidence; can't be proven completely true

Examples: 1) Since 2000, America has been a very difficult place to make a living and raise a family.
2) It is important to eat a high protein breakfast every morning.
Provides
information
and/or
analysis
Narratives
have
Characters
Expository writing involves people, places,
things, and events
Conclusion
Fiction vs. Nonfiction

Rhetoric
Persuasive, eloquent, colorful, witty, convincing form of communication whether written or spoken

Most often associated with speeches, but used in many forms of literature
Satire
Humorous and sarcastic writing and media

Seen in political and social cartoons, film, essays, articles, etc.

Focuses on world issues

Directed at humans and our
actions and attitudes
Subjective Writing Vs. Objective Writing
Subjective Writing:
Uses opinions from the author
Often supported with
facts
Biased (one-sided)
Uses persuasion
Examples: Essay supporting legalization of marijuana; news article about how Obama damaged America's health care policy

Objective Writing:
Shows "whole picture"
Shows both sides of an issue
Balanced facts
No opinions or persuasion from author
Examples: Encylopedia entry about Iraq War; Magazine article about the latest technology
Types of Nonfiction
Autobiographies
Biographies
Essays
Journals
Textbooks
News Articles
Magazines
Encyclopedias
Dictionaries

Summaries Atlases

Documentaries (video/tv format)
Tone
Writing style

Author's attitude

Feeling emitted and expressed

Revealed through author's words and language
Nonfiction is realistic, truthful writing and media
Important elements of nonfiction include: facts, opinions, objective and subjective writing, narrative and expository writing, tone, satire, and rhetoric
Satire examples
Fiction = fake; imaginary

Nonfiction = real; true
Full transcript