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sarah goroch

on 27 June 2014

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Techniques Used to Create Meaning
Each techniques creates its own purpose. When reading nothing changed i perosnally get the visual image in my mind and i visualise what is being said , i feel that having a visual even if not the right it helps to understand more.
The alliteration creates the rhythm through each stanza.
Onomatopoeia creates realisation and gives the words a more effective sound.
Metaphor throughout gives us a deeper and clear understanding of what the meassage is thts getting across.
The poet has used a varity of techniques throught the poem that will really stand out and grab the viewers attention.
The effect of these Techniques
Stanza: 2
district six
no board says it is:
but my feet know.
the skin about my
the soft
abouring of my
the hot, white, inwards turning
anger of my

Stanza: 7
i back from the glass,
boy again
small mean
of small, mean mouth.
for a stone, a
to shiver down the glass.
nothings changed.
By Tatamkhulu Afrika

The effects of the repetition gives it a climax each time the "and " is said it becomes more aggressive. There is an increase in demand.

Through alliteration and having a deeper understanding we ge the effect of that piece of information being clear and easily understood we know have the understanding and knowledge to know this.
Tatamkhulu Afrika grew up in Cape Town south Africa as a white south African.
in 1948 south African government system began to classify every citizen which separated white from black people. Africa turned down the chance to be classed as white and chose instead to be classified as coloured.
The government segregated education, medical care, and other public services and provided black people with services inferior to those of whites.
In 1984 Tatamkhulu joined the ANC, was arrested in 1987 fir terrorism banned from writing or speacking in public for the next five years. At this point he then changed his name which was the code name used in the ANC which then allowed him to carry on his writing.
This is an AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL poem written in the FIRST PERSON about a mans journey to a district that has changed in recent years. the area is DISTRICT SIX which was then a thriving mixed-race inner-city
community. People of all colours and beliefs lived together peacefully, and Afrika said he felt 'at home' there. which was an area ONLY for WHITE people during apartheid.

Poet Biography
Experiences Change Throughout
Tone is one of many techniques used throughout the Poem "Nothings Changed."
Nothings Changed doesnt vary in tone there is just one or two tones that are set all the way though.

Clearly the title nothings changed explains that there is not much to this poem everything is the same from beginning to end with maybe the slight change being physical but nothing changing mentally.

Having the feeling of nothings changed got to Tatamkhulu Afrika he really though it would work. He then got angry that nothing changed and all though the poem this anger of Afrika is expressed by showing his emotions through his tone within the poem. Every part of Afrika and what he feels against the changing and expressing how he felt during aparthied is shown in the tone of the text through his poetry.

The poet feels strongly about injustice. He makes very clear
comparisons about the inn and the café. He also uses ‘glass’ as
a way to show how the population of South Africa is separated.

In the second verse he tells us of the recognition of District 6, he can feel it because it’s a physical feeling, he says ‘His feet know’ but ‘No board says it is’. He repeats ‘And’ four times to show his rising anger at the treatment of him, his family and the other people at the time. And then he sees ‘Brash with glass’ to show the arrogance of the system that has segregated them and ‘The flaring like the flag’ which is a simile to show the insulting dominance of the inn like its taunting him, The guard that stands outside maybe to keep the black people out. This inn is in contrast to the ‘Working man’s café, sells bunny chow’. The sign saying ‘Whites only’ is no longer there but the author of the poem says he ‘knows where they belong’ him and all the other black people, that have had to stay outside or go to the working mans café which has a cheaper more dirty feel to it. When he talks of we he means the ‘on the outside looking in’ the black people and the white people, the government.
To set the mood of poem he just expresses the way he feels and makes the people have the same reaction. Afrika sets the mood to be agressive and frustrated .
Brief Description
In nothings changed "Afrika desribes the cultural differnce between coloured people and whites. He represents this by using many different poetic techniques, he does this by emphasising that there is a cultural different between them and he shows this by using a small village in Africa called district six.
The poet rturns to wasteland that was once his home and relives the anger he felt whenthe area was first destroyed. He sees a new resturant, expensive, stylish, exlusive with a guard at the gatepost and this takes to think about the poverty around it especially the wokring mans cafe nearby where people eat without plates from a plastic tabletop.
The inequality between black and whites make him reflect that despite the changing situation there are still huge inequalities between blacks and whites. Even so south africa was surpose to be changed he still has a feeling that there are things for whites and blacks he feels nothing has changed. the deep anger makes him want to destroy the new buildings.
Authors Culture reflecting on Poem
Authors Culture reflecting on Poem
Authors Culture reflecting on Poem
Nothing’s Changed is very much about life in South Africa. But it’s also about people’s feelings when they realise they can’t change the situation. So the message in the poem can apply to many other places as well.
Deconstruction of Techniques
Although aartheid is officially over Afrika still feels that cape down is still divided into blacks and whites.

Repetition of "and" 4 times emphasises the poet rising anger everything showing loss of control.
Body parts imply that these feelings have become a part of him and part of his physical living.
Distict six is a short, expletive sentence
Alliteration which exaggerates plain
"boy" in South Africa its an insulting name for a black male.
Metaphor showing that he is angry and want to take revenge.
" nothings changed"- the poem ending is the same as its title showing cyclical nature of segregation. He feels it will continue despite the end of apartheid.
Alliteration emphasises anger and aggression, all he wants to do is commit be violent
The main issuse that occured throughout this pom was that when apartheid was over everything was said that black and whites would share and have equal rights. Tatamkhulu Afrika knew that even apartheid was over that this would neverbe true no matter what is said is different to what is actually happening.

The issue was as soon as Afrika left there plan was to re develop and this meant that there were going to be changes from this where black and whites will start to live as one with equal rights. When Afrika came back apart from there being a new restaurant nothing changed and although this new restuarant was for both black and whites he knew that blacks wouldnt be given the same rspect.

Everyone said that we've changed but we never really did.
Everyone will always be the same as it has always been and the difference between the races will always be there. what is said is different to what is done.
As much as people will say that there is less discrimination thats a lie white people will always put themselve above couloured people and have that definite barriers.
While Tatmukhulu Africa went away and lived this new life doing the period and time of apathied everything was said to be changed and have no racism and everyone as equal as each other. Whites are now being accepted into the south american race.

After aparthied the plan was to re build and re deveop cape town into a new and safe area that will know have equal rights. Tatmukhulu arrived back and although he say that there were rearrangements that had been made he didnt see and didnt believe that everyone and everyting could of changed so easy and have no racism.

There was only one major change which was the new resturant that was said to accept both race and have equal rights it was the first step in taking both coloured and whites coming together. He knew as soon as he walked into it this new resturant that there was seperation and that the whites were not given the same respect and care as the coloured.
Although there was said to be a change there was real way to identify this
Looking at the poem on a piece of paper the set out is in Seven stanzas each varing from four to eight fairly short lines. Having this type of layout sets the poem and creates a sense of control.

The poet is very clear about what he is feeling not suddenly flying into a rage and this is well set in each stanza. Stanza two's structure is one of the longer stanzas and each line within this stazna clearly identify the different meaning.

Altough the structure in stanza two creates an on going flow that puts everyting together and not just things here and there. The way that the poet has structured the poem is a good way to get people in the mood and have a better understanding of what is being said. We are able to explore and identify the effects as the poet has used them throughout and has easily distinguished were each part is located.
Nothing’s Changed is about a man going back after many years
to an area he knew well in South Africa. The government had
been racist, so white people were in charge and black people
had few rights. But the government had changed, and the poet
hoped he would see a different society. Sadly, everything he
sees seems to be the same as it was. For that reason, he called
the poem Nothing’s Changed.

Nothing’s Changed is very much about life in South Africa.
But it’s also about people’s feelings when they realise they
can’t change the situation. So the message in the poem can
apply to many other places as well.
And the poet realises for an instant that he feels exactly like he
did many years ago. When he was a young boy he was so angry
that he wanted to destroy things, to throw stones and even plant
bombs. But now his feelings might be different. He ends the
poem by simply saying, ‘Nothing’s changed’ so we can’t be
sure whether he’s just sad, or if he’s still angry, or whether he
thinks things will ever get better in South Africa.

It’s a very personal poem, making use of contrasts between the
whites and the blacks in this area. But he never talks about the
people themselves – he only talks about the two places where
they eat, and the wasteland around these places. So in that way
he’s not angry at people, but at the situation. One of the key
points is this contrast.

This poem depicts a society where rich and poor are divided. In the apartheid era of racial segregation in South Africa, where the poem is set, laws, enforced by the police, kept apart black and white people. The poet looks at attempts to change this system, and shows how they are ineffective, making no real difference
- Alliteration
- Metaphor
- Onomatopoeia
- repetition
- imagery

Given examples to stanza 2 and 7 in previous question
In the poem ‘nothings changed’ there is a sense of injustice in this poem. In one stanza he repeats the word mean, this is in the last stanza, and this word means evil, malicious and vicious. Also in the
last stanza there is the word ‘burn’ it is another symbol for the anger inside him this is shown earlier in the poem.
This poem implies that there is equality between the coloured and white cultures, that there is a sense of injustice, he shows that we are unequal by wealth and power. Also in this poem it shows that nothing has changed to change the unfairness between the two cultures the coloured people and the whites.
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