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Migrant Workers in Asia
Transcript of Migrant Workers in Asia
Migrant Workers of Asia
Globalization has led to an increasing flow of migrant workers from countries with limited economic opportunities to fill gaps in nations with low labor supplies.
MIGRATION --> EMPLOYMENT/OPPORTUNITIES = RISKS for WOMEN
75% from Indonesia
70% from the Philippines
69% from Sri Lanka.
It is estimated that Indonesia has three million women working abroad, with Saudi Arabia and Malaysia as primary destinations.
General Features of Labor Migration
violation of human rights
workers prone to violence and abuse
Female domestic Workers
movement of unskilled workers
unauthorized & undocumented migration
Female domestic workers (FDWs) are the most vulnerable,
Abuses during all phases of migration:
-at home->recruitment->in transit-> at host country/work
None of the ASEAN states grant full legal labor rights to women domestic workers.
FDWs: Female Domestic Workers
Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers (2007)
COUNTRIES RESPONSE TO THIS ISSUE
"Improving protections for domestic work has become an issue of public debate and reform not only at national and regional levels, but also globally. Although domestic workers have rights under existing international labor conventions...it has been historically neglected and undervalued..."
- Human Rights Watch
Sets out responsibilities of ASEAN, and receiving and sending countries.
Implementation of the ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers(ACMW)
MODERN DAY SLAVERY
“Migrants often cannot escape abusive conditions because their employers confiscate their passports and immigration policies give employers the legal power to decide whether the worker can seek another job.”
-Extend labor protections in national law to domestic workers
-Strengthen regulation and monitoring of employment agencies
-Ensure that domestic workers have the right to freedom of association, the right to form unions
-Facilitate the approval of valid immigration status for workers
-Promote cooperation with labor-sending countries
-Improve access to the criminal justice system
-Expand victim support services for survivors of abuse, such as shelters, hotlines, access to health care, and counseling
-Take steps to prevent, investigate, and prosecute criminal violence against domestic workers
-Human Rights Watch
Reforms in regards to this issue