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elements of photography

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mike warnken

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of elements of photography

Photography The zones scale is used to determine the best film exposure. Zones is determined by the difference
in the color and brightness
of the object and other objects within
the same field of view. Contrast High contrast is illuminated low, high, and, local
contrast Image histograms are on
most digital cameras.
Photographers can use
them as an aid to show
the distribution of tones
captured, and whether image detail
has been lost to blown-out highlights
or blacked-out shadows. histograms is the overall brightness and chrome (color saturation) of a photo key Low contrast Is dulled
out with gray and not sharp Local contrast is a form of differences between values and sharpness. high key are on the light end of
the value scale. low key are on the light end
of the value scale The full range from black to white,
represented by Zone 0 through Zone X. Lines Of Photography leading lines Leading lines are lines within an image that leads the eye to another point in the image, or occasionally, out of the image. horizontal lines A horizontal line in an image conveys a message of ‘stability’ or even ‘rest’. Layers of horizontal lines can create rhythm or patterns in an image that can become the focus of an image in and of itself. vertical lines Vertical lines have the ability to convey a variety of different moods in a photograph ranging from power and strength (think of skyscrapers) to growth (think of trees). S-curve line Curved lines are all about beauty and charm. The best example of this would be a beautiful female form with all its lines and curves. The curve in a river or a pathway through a flower garden. Diagonal Lines This gives the sensation of Force, Energy and Motion as seen in trees bent by the wind, a runner at the starting line. By knowing this you can create Force, Energy and Motion with your camera easily by tilting the camera to make objects appear to be in a diagonal line. Shape and form in Photography shape is 2 dimensional larger light source Shape with back light shape with front light is 3D
Side Light Form Form
Perspective Lines The subject of "linear perspective" is based on using converging lines to suggest depth. green dot is vanishing point back lit images can show off the shape and form of a subject Texture in photography Texture, another element of art, is used to describe either the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual "feel" of a two-dimensional work. Focus exposure proximity file size lighting Value, or tone, refers
to the use of light
and dark, shade and
highlight, in
an artwork. Value Space creates a flow to naturally drag the attention of viewers to the direction of the subject. rule of thirds The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. golden square rule negative space balance images can be improved greatly by having a secondary point of interest counter balancing the main focal point of an image and providing those ‘empty’ spots with a little weight. Negative space can bring a sense of balance to your image, it can strengthen composition, it can help draw the eye to the subject and give it more power and it can add a lot of interest to your shot. never take a shot with the
point of interest in the
vary middle of the picture. Camera
Operations exposure exposure is the amount of light allowed to hit the sensor. Color Color can help tell us stories (visually) and it can be used to communicate on an emotional level. Shutter Speed Determines the amount of light that reaches the film or sensor ISO The ISO is how sensitive a film was to light. lower number lower sensitivity. Aperture is the size of the opening of the lens when a picture is taken. In fine art photography, the presence of the element color over rides the impact of the other six elements of art. So don't shoot images in color, shoot images of color. Nikon d3200 variety impact depth
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