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The History of Rock n' Roll
Transcript of The History of Rock n' Roll
What It Has Become
Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style in the United States in the early to mid-1950s. It derived most directly from the rhythm and blues music of the 1940s, which itself developed from earlier blues, boogie woogie, jazz and swing music, and was also influenced by gospel, country and western, and traditional folk music. Rock and roll in turn provided the main basis for the music that, since the mid-1960s, has been generally known as rock music. This genre of music has definitely been the roots for most modern music today, and has (arguably) changed all music and how its played.
For nearly 35 years, Steve Howe has been at the forefront of guitarists in popular music. Actually, simply referring to Howe as a just a guitarist is limiting. In addition to being a songwriter, he plays more instruments than just the guitar. If it has strings and a fretboard, Howe has mastered it and recorded with it at some point on one of countless albums he's been a part of as a group member, solo artist and special guest.
Widely recognized as one of the most creative and influential musicians of the 20th century, Jimi Hendrix pioneered the explosive possibilities of the electric guitar. Hendrix's innovative style of combining fuzz, feedback and controlled distortion created a new musical form. Because he was unable to read or write music, it is nothing short of remarkable that Jimi Hendrix's meteoric rise in the music took place in just four short years. His musical language continues to influence a host of modern musicians, from George Clinton to Miles Davis, and Steve Vai to Jonny Lang.
Eddie Van Halen
Second to only Jimi Hendrix, Eddie Van Halen was undoubtedly one of the most influential, original, and talented rock guitarists of the 20th century. Guitarist Eddie Van Halen redefined what electric guitar could do, developing a blindingly fast technique with a variety of self-taught two-handed tapping, hammer-ons, pull-offs, and effects that mimicked the sound of machines and animals. Eddie Van Halen became a role model for modern guitarists, regardless of their tastes and preferences. His talent and skill were unquestioned, and he demonstrated a dazzling array of techniques, from simple riffs to extended solos filled with intricate fret work. "Eruption," an instrumental track on the first album, became his calling card as it was transformed into a lengthy showcase during concerts.
It's All About the GUITAR
Throughout all of the stages and changes of Rock n' Roll History, there has always been the greatest guitarist of that era. Some of the most influential ones have changed music as a whole forever!
In the nineties rock music continues to evolve with grunge, alternative, industrial, house, hip hop, techno and trance music becoming popular rock music forms. Rock bands like Nirvana, Sonic Youth, The Pixies, Pearl Jam, R.E.M., Blues Traveler, Phish, and Beck sell side by side with the more pop oriented sounds of Whitney Houston, En Vogue, NSYNC, TLC, Maria Carey and Britney Spears and the rap / hip hop of Public Enemy, NWA, Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, Ice-T, Cypress Hill, Nas, Tupac Shakur and many more.
In the eighties CD's replace albums and tapes. MTV and music videos become influential. Dominant artists include U2, Prince, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Run DMC, The Beastie Boys, The Go'Go's, Phil Collins, Human League, Flock of Seagulls, INXS, Journey, Dire Straits, Foreigner, Billy Joel, Guns & Roses, and Motley Crue. New rock music styles such as synth-pop, new wave, hardcore, speed metal, hair metal, the new British Invasion, and rap come to the forefront.
By the seventies, the album has become more important than the single. Concerts have moved from clubs and halls, to stadiums. Heavy metal, folk rock, progressive rock, funk and glitter rock, are followed by disco and punk rock. Major players include Led Zeppelin, Yes, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, T.Rex, Alice Cooper, David Bowie, James Taylor, Carole King, Kiss, Elton John, Bruce Springsteen, Van Halen, Bee Gees, Fleetwood Mac, Chic, Donna Summer, The Ramones, The Sex Pistols, & The Clash.
The fifties bring the birth of Rock and Roll with rhythm and blues, country and gospel music fusing together in Rock 'n Roll, Doo Wop, Rockabilly and the beginnings of Soul. With early hits first appearing on the R&B charts and then moving to the pop charts by the latter half of the decade. Pioneering rock music artists Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Johnny Cash, Ray Charles and many more take the rock music sound and influence worldwide.
In the sixties rock music takes over the pop charts for the first time. A wide variety of new rock genres emerge, including surf music, folk music, Motown, Stax, the British Invasion, psychedelic, hard rock and heavy metal. Groups like the Supremes, The Temptations, The Beach Boys, The Beatles, The Byrds, The Rolling Stones, The Doors, The Grateful Dead, Led Zeppelin and solo artists Dick Dale, Bob Dylan, and Jimi Hendrix are successful. Album sales become as important as hit singles late in the decade.