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Unit 12: Public Health

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Kim Gray

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Unit 12: Public Health

Public Health Provisions and how they have changed Unit 12: Public Health 20th Century The Beveridge Report 1942 19th Century The Poor Law 1834 The 1st National Public Health Act 1848 John Snow and the Broad Street Pump 1854 John Simon and the Sanitary Act 1866 John Snow and the Broad Street Pump Snow did not believe that it was bad air (miasma) that caused the cholera within Soho. He argued that it was spread into the body through the mouth. He investigated cases of cholera around a pump on broad street, he plotted these on a map to see if he could pin point the problem of the outbreak. The map is shown above. He identified that the cause was the pump on broad street so he immediately removed the handle off the pump so that no one else could be affected. After he did this the cholera outbreak started to diminish. His theory of 'germs' was not accepted until the 1860s. 1853 Small pox vaccinations were made compulsary 1975 A Public Health Act enforced laws about slum clearance, provision of sewers and clean water. End of 19th Century The benefits of the measures that were put in place became clear by the end of the 19th century. This is because the local councils were competing with each other to provide the best public health. National Health Service Act 1946 Acheson report into inequalities in health Saving Lives: Our Healthier Nation 1999 1906 - 1907 Local councils were told to provide free school meals for poor children. School medical examinations were ordered for all children. (the examinations included checks from the 'nitty nurse'. 1911 National insurance was introduced for workers that fell ill. The Beveridge Report 1942 Beveridge believed that there was 5 giant evils that caused ill health. These were: Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. He introduced a welfare state that covered the five giant evils and gave everyone health care from 'cradle to grave'. 1980 The Black Report stated that there was still a huge inequality in health between the rich and poor in Britain. 21st Century Choosing health: Making Healthier Choices Easier 2004 The Health Protection Agency (HPA) The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) Choosing Health: Making Healthier Choices Easier This is a white paper and it recommends a new approach to public health. it acknowledges the government has a role in promoting social justice and the wider cause of ill health and inequality; as well as recognising the need to empower individuals to change their own lives. It set out to give people an informed choice, tailored to the needs of the individuals and work together to form an effective partnership. The main priorities of this were to reduce the number of smokers, drinkers; improve sexual and mental health and increase the number of people doing exercise and healthier diets. NICE The NICE is an independent organisation that is responsible for providing national guidance on promoting good health and the prevention and treatment of ill heath. HPA The HPA is an independent organisation dedicated to protecting people's health within the UK. It does this by providing impartial advice and authoritative information on health protection issues.
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