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The Historiography of Castro
Transcript of The Historiography of Castro
Went to Law school at University of Havana
Then became interested in political climate of Cuban nationalism, anti-imperialism and socialism.
Went to Dominican Republic and joined a group that attempted to overthrow the dictator Rafael Trujillo.
Failed before it started
but he wanted to continue reform
he joined the Partido Ortodoxo
an anti-communist political party that was meant to reform government corruption in Cuba.
goals: nationalism, economic independence, and social reforms. Main influence in Castro's rise to power:
Movement's guerrilla war against Batista
Public support The Ideology in Castro's Rise to Power "Propaganda must not be abandoned for a minute, for it is the soul of every struggle." Manifestos Main inspiration: radical version of Cuban nationalism
first war of independence
idea of cubiana
He believed that the 26th July Movement was a custodian of cubiana
vanguard needed to accomplish Cuban independence and modernization
He was inspired by many Latin and Central American anti - imperialist movements (1930s and 1940s)
similar to the national liberation movements
prepared the people against powerful leaders & tried to escape from the U.S. economic interests Nationalism and Cubiana " Fidel Castro Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com ." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/fidel-castro-9241487?page=1#early-political-insurrections-and-arrests>. This was shown through many manifestos, nationalism, and cubiana. Dream Revolution: independence from foreign control, social justice, and the restoration of the 1940 Constitution.
1953, he was inspired by patriotism for his attack on the Moncada barracks.
July 23rd 1953, his first manifesto, Manifesto of the Revolutionaries of Moncada to the Nation.
October 16th 1953, was his 2nd manifesto which was his "History will absolve me" speech,
included promises of agrarian reform, rent reductions, industrial development, modernisation, expansion of education and healthcare, and to take control of the public utilities No sign of communism or Marxism
wanted a radical social revolution for all Cubans
then he claimed the he was never inspired by communism.
In Sierra (1957 - 1958), there were many manifestos
Radio Rebelde (the illegal radio station of Castro and the rebels)
had a little policies and reforms rather than a clear programme
July 1958, Caracas Pact
signed by all groups opposite to Batista
except the communist PSP
no radical socialist policies Todd, Allan. History for the Ib Diploma: authoritarian and single-party states.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print. He Became a Communist 1943, Castro started working for the Soviet Union
because it would reduce Cuba's dependence on the U.S.
Bay of Pigs incident and the Cuban Missile Crisis both made Castro closer to the Cuban communist and the Soviet Union
Bays of Pigs was a plan to invade Cuba but failed
Castro helped Havana and then many people saw him as a nationalist.
Cuban Missile Crisis, another plan to invade Cuba.
There was a threat of Nuclear weapons but with an agreement between Khrushchev and Kennedy there was no nuclear third world war. What is he now? Castro came in power and had a one - party communist/ socialist until 1992