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Animal Assisted Therapy

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Bridget Heilman

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Animal Assisted Therapy

Animal Assisted Therapy
Benefits
Reduced stress, lowered heart rate and blood pressure, reduced loneliness and isolation, increased social interaction and connection, and increased socio-emotional functioning (Freidmann & Sons & Wells, 2009, pg. 295)
Improve Psychological well-being ( O'Haire, 2010, pg. 1610)
Calming and non-judgmental source of support and facilitators of social interaction (Kruger & Serpell, 2010, pg. 35).
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
People who suffer from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often have to deal with anxiety, depression, hallucinations and delusions. In result often have alcohol and drug problems that could all lead to suicidal thoughts and actions.
Problems and Concerns
In a review of the social work literature, including major textbooks, and experience in social work education and practice indicates that companion animals have not traditionally been included as significant others in clients’ environments. Recent related research further suggest that integration of companion animals into current social work may not be happening (Risley-Curtiss, 2010, p. 40).
Merz-Perez and Heide (2004) suggested that cruelty to companion and therapy animals may be an indicator that individuals are at risk to themselves and having violence committed against them.
Solutions
Integrate animals assisted therapy into counseling offices in schools
Different Types of AAT
Canine- Involves dogs and people with emotional problems because of a dogs way to empathize and physically interact.
Dolphin- Involves dolphins and people with neurological disorders because they reduce stress and overall improvement of emotional health.
Equine- Involves horses and children and adults with Autism and Asperger's. The horse helps to improve social skills, focusing skills, motor skills and developing relationships.
Animal Assisted Therapy
Reduce instances of depression
Reduce stress and anxiety
Increased availability to animal assisted therapy for all students
Better education of how to use animal assisted therapy
Reduce therapy animal/ companion animal cruelty
References
Freidmann, E., & Son, H. (2009). The human- comparison animal bond: How humans benefit. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 39(2), 293-326.
Kruger, K. A., & Serpell, J. A. (2010). Animal assisted interventions in mental health: Definitions and theoretical foundations. In A. H. Fine (Ed.), Handbook on animal assisted therapy: Theoretical foundations and guidelines for practice (3rd ed., pp. 33-48). San Diego: Academic Press.
Merz-Perez, L., & Heide, K. M. (2004). Animal cruelty: Pathway to violence against people. New York: Alramira Press.
O’ Haire, Marquerite. “Animal Assisted Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature review.” Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders 43.7 (2013): 1606-1622. Print.
Risley-Curtiss, Christina (2010). Social work practitioners and human- companion animal bond: A national study. Social Work, 55, (pp. 38-46).
Bridget Heilman
ENG 104: 75
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