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Transcript of South America
Kody McCluskey Cultural Characteristics Millennium Goals Poverty Education Gender Equality People and Ethnic Groups Religion Dancing and Music Physical Characteristics Vacation Spots Physical Characteristics South America has a large variety of animals. This is due to their adaptation and their surroundings. The types of animals that live in South America are:
Rodents Top 10 vacation spots:
1. Rio de Janiero
2. Buenos Aires
4. Argentine Patagonia
5. Costa Rica
6. Chilean Patagonia
8. Galopogos Islands
9. Machu Picchu
10. Sao Paulo Argentina
•The region has progressed 85% in reaching the goal of cutting extreme poverty in half. If it continues at this rate, Latin America could achieve this objective by 2015. •In education, Latin America and the Caribbean progressed significantly in terms of coverage and access. Most countries have registration rates close to or over 90%, similar to developed countries. However, there is still much to do in coverage and quality of high school education. •The gaps with regard to men have diminished over the past 15 years, but the rate of progress has been slow. The report states that the three necessary pillars for attaining gender equality are economic independence, physical autonomy and participation in decision-making. Education in South and Latin America Two-thirds of Latin American children have some secondary education. Only one-half received secondary education in the mid-eighties.
Enrollment has increased in countries like Mexico, Argentina, Honduras and Nicaragua. It is said to be largely a result of welfare payments made to poor families who have children attend school on a regular basis.
Illiteracy rates in rural areas have reached 21%, double the national average. John Scott, a researcher from a Mexico City university, claims that the richest 10% have around 12 years of education, while the poorest 10% has only 2 years of education.
Teachers have little or no training on what to teach or how to teach the material.
Typically no accountability within the educational system. There is no public exams or evaluations of schools. There also is no attempt to improve the standards of teaching because the standards are not clearly identified.
Women in Argentina have a literacy rate of 97% and Brazil shows 89% Technology Today, 28% of South American's are using the internet, and it is expected to double by 2015.
Economy Subsistence farming is widespread 30% of it's population works 15% of the land.
Population: 364.24 million people
Revenue in a Brazilian McDonald's has went down 2.2% over the past year
Vocabulary: Exports Major Crisis Potential Diseases Flags Interesting Facts South America is the 4th largest continent.
World's largest river: The Amazon
World's driest place: Atacama Desert
Average rainfall: 1 m.m. a year
A single acre in the Amazon Rainforest has up to one different species.
The world's largest tropical rainforest grows in the Amazon River. This makes up about 2/5 of the continent.
The longest river is the Amazon River which is 3,977 miles long.
Andes Mountains is the world’s longest mountain range. It covers an area of 5,500 miles. Climate South America's climate is both wet and hot
Each region has its own weather conditions: Clothing
These countries each have a unique identity which comes out in the crafts and clothing produced by people in each region. Language Over 8.5 million people speak the native language Quechua throughout Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Colombia.
Quechua is the most spoken language through South America along with Portuguese and Spanish.
In South America, most of the population are bilingual. National or "official" languages include mainly Spanish and Portuguese. Food Some key foods in South America:
Corn-biggest outsource to the world
Potatoes-cooked in many ways
Queso blanco/Queso fresco-sauces and saladsd
Yuca-plant Landscape of South America Amazon R. Basin, Argentina
Uruguay These animals are from:
Central and South America
Ecuador (Galapagos Islands
Bolivia Animals Amazon Pink River Dolphin Toucan Capybara Giant Anteater Sloth Spider Monkey Piranha Macaw Thin-spined porcupine Galapagos Turtle Harpy Eagle Galapagos Penguin Andean Cat Bald Uakari Marine Otter Yellow-Tailed Wolley Monkey Maned Wolf Giant Armadillo Short-haired chinchilla Little Spotted Cat American Crocodile Long-tailed Otter Mantled Howler Monkey Margay Ocelot West Indian Mantee Roman Catholicism: Largest religion (97%)
Guyana and Suriname has three major religions: Christianity,Hinduism, and Islam.
The majority of the population follows the teachings of either Catholic, Protestant, Pentecostal, Evangelical, indigenous, or Afro-Latin American religions. The clothing styles of South American people depend greatly on their wealth and the region that they live in. South Americans often wear colorful hand-woven knitwear including jackets, wool hats, and jumpers. Dancing is a very popular activity for all ages of South American people. The South American people enjoy dancing salsa, along with cumbia, merengue, bolero, gaffiera, samba, cha cha cha, lambada and tango. Various countries' populations eat different foods based on their cultures and traditions.
The richest products of South America come from the middle of the continent, the Amazonia. The Amazon River's temperature in the Amazon is on a average of 70 to 90 degrees F. The Andes Mountain remains cold throughout the year. The temperatures are always very low.
The desert regions of Chile are the driest part of South America. The highest temperatures of South America have been recorded in Gran Chaco in Argentina, with temperatures going up to 110 degrees F.
The wettest place is Quibdo in Columbia. Environment The consumption of ozone-depleting substances has diminished along with the surface of protected areas has increased over the past decade. The coverage of potable water and sanitation services has improved. However, Latin America continues to have some of the highest deforestation rates in the world and carbon dioxide emissions have grown steadily. Health The health conditions of the population have improved, but progress is very unequal and heterogeneous, and with regard to some indicators, insufficient.
For example, only a third of countries may be able to meet the goal of reducing infant mortality by 50%, given that regional progress in 2009 was 79%. They are three physical regions in South America. These include the mountains and highlands, river basin, and coastal plains.
The highest elevation is Aconcagua, Argentina at 22,841 feet.
The largest Urban Area is Sao Paulo, Brazil which has11,016,703 people. Wildlife The Effects of Global Warming In the last 30 years 63 of the main glaciers in the Southern Patagonian ice fields have been affected and that has lead to the increase in the sea level.
Four South American countries which are Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela made the list for the top 30 who lets off the most CO2.
The region also faces threats to the drinking water. This is due to to the shrinking ice pack in the Andes mountains, potential reductions in crop yields, and flooding due to sea-level rise.
Tropical deforestation is one of the major causes of climate change. More forests have been destroyed in this region since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted in 1992. South America has 40 percent of its land mass covered by tropical forests. Leaders on tropical forest management have emerged in the region and are advancing innovative solutions. Agriculture Agriculture is a large amount of South America’s economy.
About one-eighth of South America’s land is used for permanent cropping or grazing. Farm and ranch productivity could be improved by:
Providing adequate agricultural credit
Storage transportation systems
Expanding the educational system in rural areas.
These changes would help the large number of small farms in South America. About three-fourths of these farmers own less than 25 acres. This could help farmers to enhance their living standards and contribute to national development. The changes could help people who are unemployment in some of the densely populated rural areas. Urban and Rural Characteristics Total population is around 371 million.
Most people live in the Western or Eastern Coast.
Small population in the regions of the far south. Black Caiman Golden Lion Tamarin Amazonian Mantee Jaguar Electric Eel [Knifefish] Blue Poison Dart Frog Anaconda Giant Otter Solutions to Global Warming Costa Rica aims to be carbon neutral (have zero net greenhouse gas emissions) by 2021. This country is a green leader with 96 percent of their electricity coming from renewable sources. Costa Rica has increased their forested area by 10 percent within the last decade.
Brazil has also reduced the emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. They have also reduced the potential of biofuels that will reduce emissions from vehicles. Satellite photos have shown that Brazil has in fact started to reduced deforestation in the Amazon over the past five years. They have lowered heat-trapping emissions more than any other country on Earth. Work Cited Page Bo, Teresa. "Global warming: A dark future for South America's glaciers." aljazeera. N.p., 29 Dec 2010. Web. 28 Jan 2013. <http://blogs.aljazeera.com/blog/americas/global-warming-dark-future-south-americas-glaci
"Climate Hot Map." Climate Hot Map. Union of Concerned Scientists, n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2013.
"Endangered Mammals of South America ." eathsendangered. Earth's Endangered Creatures, n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. <http://www.earthsendangered.com/continent.asp?ID=11>.
. N.p.. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://download.travlang.com/southam.htm>.
"South America Animals." mapsofworld. Media Kit, n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/south-america/geography/south-america-animals.html>.
"South American Animals." thinkquest. N.p.. Web. 28 Jan 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/5053/SouthAmerica/southamericamain.html>.
South America." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013.
Web. 28 Jan. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/555844/South-America>.
"South America: Human Geography." nationalgeographic. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2013.
"South America Music." mapsofworld. Mediakit, n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/south-america/culture/music.html>.
"The Millennium Development Goals Eight Goals for 2015." undp. United Nations Development Programme , n.d. Web. 28 Jan 2013. <http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/mdgoverview.html>. Music in South America originated in the Andes. The music is from the natives, the Spanish, and the Africans who came as slaves to South America.
In South America music makes up the daily lives of the people. There is music for everything such as agricultural labor, building houses, funerals, and marketing livestock.
The instruments used in South American music are pan pipes, flutes, rattles, guitar, a native guitar-charango and the drum. The famous Salsa music is, again, a cultural characteristic of Peru. Other popular South American dances and dance songs include Carmen Miranda, the Bossa Nova, and the Lambada. Work Cited "People of South America." gosouthamerica. AllAbout.com, n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://gosouthamerica.about.com/cs/southamerica/l/blpixpeople.htm>.
"Best Central and South American Vacations." travel.usnews. U.S.News Rankings and Reviews, n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://travel.usnews.com/Rankings/Best_Central_and_South_American_Vacations/>.
"South America Climate." mapsofworld. Media Kit, n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/south-america/geography/south-america-climate.html>.
"Tavel to South America." south-america-tavel. South America Travel , n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://www.south-america-travel.info/culture.html>.
"Economy of South America." south-america-travel. South America Travel, n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://www.south-america-travel.info/economy.html>.
"Thinking Globally." thinkquest. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00117/southamerica.html Ecuador