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Copy of Die referencing die! (3) (With many thanks to Mau Buchler & Sarah Lee)
Transcript of Copy of Die referencing die! (3) (With many thanks to Mau Buchler & Sarah Lee)
There are reasons for that, which are highly confidential and top secret!
All you need to know is that assignments that aren't properly referenced will be failed, and their authors, shot.
You must acknowledge sources when you mention someone else’s idea, theory, viewpoint, or argument OR you will be accused of PLAGIARISM! (And this is very bad!)
So, let this guide show you how to fall in line with the Harvard system....
First, referencing has 2 parts:
"A person's a person, no matter how small" (Seuss, 1954: 28).
According to Seuss (1954), it doesn't matter how tall a person is.
But, if your quote is more than 3 lines long... stop it. That's just plain copying.
Also include in your text the:
Date of publication
Page number (where possible)
A Harvard citation in your essay would look like this:
Smith (2003: 47) has argued that “…
If the source you have used has a couple of authors, use both of them:
Browne and Taylor (2003: p. 28) have shown that “...
If the source has lots of authors, use only the first one and et al:
The results of a recent study (Smith et al, 2003) found that …
The author and year of publication
Title of the article
Title of the journal or magazine
Volume & part number, date, month or season of the year (Whichever you have!)
Page numbers of the article
Mitchell, S. (2009) Web terrorism: fact or fiction? PC Pro, Issue 178 August, pp. 112-114.
in journals or magazines
Find the author (ha!) and year, and write it like this:
Research by Buchler (2010) indicates that...
Oh, and if you can't find any info, the url will do at a push: Figures in a recent survey (http://www.onlinepolitics.org, 2009) suggest that…
If you paraphrase someone else’s ideas then you don’t need to use quotation marks, just their surname and the date.
Paraphrasing means writing those ideas entirely in your own words, it’s not enough just to change a couple of keywords or the order of the words/sentences.
Quantitative data can be analysed using standard statistical techniques (Kirby, 2000).
(Useless Part) Include a citation in the text of the main body of your assignment, AND
(Boring Part) Put references at the end of your assignment (but before the ‘appendix’) in the form of a bibliography
Ensure you have BOTH parts!
In the text: According to Pears and Shields (2005)
In the Bibliography: Pears, R. and Shields, G. (2005)
Cite them right: the essential guide to referencing and plagiarism. Newcastle: Pear Tree.
Rogers, J. (2004) Coaching skills: a handbook. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Tucker, M.L. et al. (2000) Training tomorrow’s leaders: enhancing the emotional intelligence of business graduates. Journal of Education for Business, 75 (6) July/August, pgs. 331-337.
University of Cambridge (2004) Sustainability learning networks programme (SLNs) [Online] Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Available at: <http://www.cpi.cam.ac.uk/slns> [Accessed 10 December, 2004].
Reference List or Bibliography
After writing your assignment, and including all citations, you then need to add a reference list and/or a bibliography.
These are annoying and lengthy, and on top of everything else, they have heaps of details that I've already forgotten. But I do remember this:
they've got heaps of commas, full-stops and parentheses
get one asterisk wrong, and you're through
Start making a list of all items you use in your research.
Note the bibliographic details which you will generally find on the title page of each item/source.
Put these details in Harvard System order - by Author, and then by Date (Year).
The Boring Part
(Doing a Bibliography)
When it is a direct quotation you need to put quotation marks around their words
We hope this referencing guide has changed your life.
If not, ask for help from your tutor, or from a member of Learning Centre staff. We also have leaflets to help you.
This is how you do it:
The Useless Part
(Citation in text)
Die referencing! Die!
the author or editor’s name,
edition (if it’s not the first ed.),
and the place and publisher:
McFedries, P. (2005) Teach yourself visually computers. 4th ed. Hoboken: Wiley.
Need to include:
The author, date and title.
The publisher of the website where relevant
The full address of the web page you used
Also include the [date you accessed the site]:
Bournemouth University Academic Services (1999) Harvard system [Online], Poole, Bournemouth University. Available at: <http://www.bournemouth.ac.uk/using_the_library/html/harvard_system.html> [Accessed 22 August, 2006].
In more detail:
Dealing with authors...
A guide to Harvard Referencing
The Useless Part &
The Boring Part!
A list of all the sources you have
referred to in your assignment
All the items in your reference list PLUS anything else useful you have read on the subject, but didn't directly mention!
To make it even more FUN!
Different sources are referenced
in many different ways.....
An extra specially fun thing when referencing is
trying to reference a quote or idea from one person
that is mentioned by someone else in a completely
Confused yet? Here is how it should be done.......
You are reading a book by Geoff Petty, published in 2009.
In this book he refers to Kolb and his learning styles theory from 1984.
In your assignment you want to talk about Kolb and his ideas, but as you haven't read Kolb directly you can't reference his book as your source.
So this is what you should do.......
For the citation in your text say this.....
In 1984 Kolb developed his learning styles theory (cited in Petty, 2009) where he.......
In your bibliography you would then just have:
Petty, G. (2009) Teaching today. Oxford: Blackwell
A quick note on how to write page numbers....
Those of you who are especially observant will have noticed
in this presentation that I have expressed the use of page numbers
by pg. 34, pp. 58 or simply by writing the numbers 56-65
This is just to emphasise the complete nonsense that is referencing
as any of these ways is correct.
What you just need to make sure is that you pick one method and
stick to it!
As the most important thing to remember
when referencing is to:
The Study Bugs show you how to use citations
What is the difference between a reference list
and a bibliography you may ask.......?
This is just another ploy by the referencing people to try to catch you out!
Some tutors may just require you to have one or the other or some are just plain greedy and want both!