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Saint Hildegard of Bingen
Transcript of Saint Hildegard of Bingen
Benedictan Nun and Doctor of the Church
Hildegard of Bingen was canonized on May 10, 2012, but was beatified since the beginning of the 13th century. She was named a doctor of the church on October 7, 2012. She is the patron saint of musicians and writers. Her feast day is on her death (September 17)
In 1112, when Hildegard was fourteen, she was sent to a monastery called Disodenberg in the present day area of west-central Germany. There, she learned how to be a Catholic nun.
On September 17, 1179, Hildegard died in her bedroom at Rupertsburg. When she died, the other sisters in the monastery claimed that two streams of light passed over her room from the sky.
Hildegard had received visions since she was three, but she did not understand that she was receiving them until she was five. Later in her life, she explained that she had seen all things through the light of God through all five senses (hearing, smell, sight, taste, and touch). She originally only told this to two people. The first person, Jutta von Sponheim, was the person she lived enclosed with. Jutta then told Hildegard's later secretary, the monk Volmar. Those two only knew about these visions until the age of 42.
In her life, Hildegard wrote two different doctrines. The first doctrine, Scivias, described about 43 different visions Hildegard saw in her lifetime. It was made available between 1151 and 1945, where it was burned (though later editions arose between the 1950s and 1970s). The final doctrine written by Hildegard was called the Liber Divinorum Operum, which was written in 1163. In the book, she talked about different visions about "the sweet drops of rain" that St. John the Apostle talked about in his gospel, and "the work of God". This work was interpreted by many later theologians to be a prologe the Gospel of John.
Hildegard was born in 1098, in the city of
Bemersheim, in the Holy Roman Empire
(Bemersheim is now in Germany).