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Chapter 32: Latin America
Transcript of Chapter 32: Latin America
Argentina and other Latin American countries saw a rise of dictarships.
Many rulers did not come to power with the intent to rule as dictators, Social and economic conditions allowed them to take power at the expense of peoples personal freedoms.
Brazil Followed a path similar to Argentina's, although it did seem Brazil would take a more stable and democratic route. The result of the economic progress can be seen in Brasilia. The city built in just 3 years at a cost of about $2 Billion, became a symbol of pride and modernity.
Juan Perón with his wife Eva Perón proved himself to be a populist. With Eva in charge of labor and social programs, Perón made radical changes. However there was a downside to Perón's rule, he tried to boost industrialization, but the lack of resources made him fail. He turned Argentina into a one-party state and suppressed opposition and freedom of speech, and Perón because a dicator.
To achieve such rapid growth, Brazil’s military dictatorship froze wages. As opposition to the military dictatorship grew, the economy crashed again. When oil prices rose in the 1970s, the economy spiraled into debt and hyperinflation. By 1990 the inflation rate was more than 2,500 percent.
Downfall of Perónism
Perón’s eventual downfall in 1955 was followed by decades of economic and political turmoil. They struggled with declining industry and rising unemployment, inflation, and foreign debt. Meanwhile, they cracked down on dissent by severely limiting people’s personal freedoms.
- Like many other countries in Latin America, many of Chile's economic problems led to many government problems. Which resulted in Chile being governed mainly by a dictator.
Chapter 32: Latin America
Section 2: The Rise of Dictatorship
By: Sam Ehrlich, Janessa Liendo, Brianna Moore, and Sabriya Umrani
Voice of the People
To her admirers, Eva Perón was the voice of Argentina’s poor working class. As her husband, Argentine president Juan Perón, became more and more powerful, Evita never let him forget the workers—the people whose support had helped him rise to power.
Argentina's Dirty War
Argentina entered a particularly ugly period in history from 1976 to 1983. During those years, the government carried out a “dirty war,” as it was known, against suspected dissidents.
- During the 1960s, there was unemployment, labor unrest, and resentment of economic domination by the US
was elected president, but he quickly began to repress any opposition. When he died, his son carried on the dictatorship.
The corruption of the Duvaliers made Haiti's bad economy even worse leading to complete turmoil and riots.
This nitorious Cuban dictator failed a series of overthrows which resulted to prison time. But eventuallly succeded and became the supreme leader of Cuba.
Allende appointed a new commander in chief of the army, Augusto Pinochet. General Pinochet was closely involved in the coup. He took command of the new military junta and became president in 1974.
Peru in the 1990's not only suffered from a pretty poor economy ,but they also suffered from a guerrilla group by the name of Shining Path this lead to an even weaker economy making it easy for
to come in and make abuse his power.
Panama was economically important during the 1980's because of The Panama Canal in which it possessed. During this time Panama came under the control of a brutal leader by the name of
. Noriega took extreme advantage of Panama abusing its source of power and economic stability. In 1989 Noriega was arrested and put in jail on numerous charges.
Allende tried to improve the lives of the working class and stimulate the economy. He spent huge amounts of money on housing, education, and health care. The government broke up large estates and distributed the land to peasants. It also nationalized foreign-owned companies. For a time, Allende’s measures were successful and widely popular.
- Salvador Allende and Augusto Pinochet were the two main dictators of Chile and held a big impact on the country.