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Ethics

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Christina Moran

on 11 August 2013

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Transcript of Ethics

Where do ethics come from?
Sounds easy!
... small
What about practical strategies?
Let's set some ground rules.
"Simply stated, ethics refers to standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to act in the many situations in which they find themselves..."
Christina Moran
Philadelphia University, Training 2012

Any questions?
Christina Moran
moranc@philau.edu

Professional
Ethics

Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. A Framework for Thinking Ethically. (2010) Retrieved August 1, 2012, from http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/framework.html
Just do the right thing.
Right?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Judge not, lest ye be judged
Hear no, see no, speak no
Honesty is the best policy
R-E-S-P-E-C-T: find out what it means to me.
Why is it wrong to murder someone?
Violates other person's rights
Bad for society
Religious beliefs
Violates the laws of nature
Illegal
Not virtuous
Unfair
Many, many more....
So, basically what I'm saying is there are no wrong choices when dealing with ethical dilemmas.
Our ethics are a product of our culture:our beliefs, experiences and values. We can all see the same problem differently.
I now present:
A Comically Brief Overview of Ethical Philosophy
Disclaimer: I don't have a degree in Philosophy.
Stealing
Focuses on the person making the decision
Focuses on the ends rather than the means
Philosophical Perspectives
Deontology
Kant
Focuses on the means
Is the act of stealing right or wrong?
Absolutes
Categorical Imperative
So act as to treat humanity, whether in thine own person or in that of any other, in every case as an end withal, never as means only.
Act only on the maxim whereby thou canst at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
—Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals[25]
—Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals26
Stealing is wrong in all circumstances because it violates the categorical imperative.
Virtue Ethics
What does this say about my character?
Plato and Aristotle
Virtues and Values are somewhat subjective
Stealing could be right if you are doing it for virtuous reasons--i.e. Robin Hood
Utilitarianism
What are the consequences of stealing?
John Stuart Mill
Greatest Happiness Principle
Seek the greatest aggregate happiness
Stealing could be right if the happiness of the thief outweighs the sadness of the victim
Just Kidding!
Because ethics can be so personal. Many professions develop professional codes of ethics to structure and guide ethical decision making.
What structures do we have in place to guide your decision making?
What about when things are still unclear?
Ethical Decision Making Steps
which action will have consequences resulting in the greatest good or the least harm? (The Utilitarian Approach)
Which option has me acting as I would have others act? (The Deontological Approach)
Which option leads me to act as the sort of person I want to be? (The Virtue Approach)
Which option is consistent with the law? With the code of conduct? With the RA manual? with our expectations?
Identify the issue:
What is the dilemma? Is this a legal, professional, or personal issue?
Who are the stakeholders? What else do I need to know? Who else can I ask for input? what are my options?
Evaluate the Facts:
Evaluate Alternative Actions:
Make a Decision and Test It:
Act and Reflect on the Outcome
Consider all the approaches and weigh which best addresses the situation. Which option would I feel most confident sharing with the world.
Try it out
Adapted from: Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. A Framework for Thinking Ethically. (2010) Retrieved August 1, 2012, from http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/framework.html
What other situations have you encountered
Full transcript