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Manioc in the Columbian Exchange
Transcript of Manioc in the Columbian Exchange
Cassava and Conquest
Thanks to the continued cultivation of cassava in Spanish and Portuguese colonies, wild manioc plants spread to Brazil and were used in ceramics by the Monche civilization.
Along the Columbian exchange, the root plant continued to spread around the world.
Cassava In South America
Manioc or Cassava is tropical root plant that is harvested from a woody shrub. This crop is native to South America, the oldest cassava cultivation evidence being found in the Mayan site of
Joya de Ceren
in EL Salvador.
By the time of the Spanish conquest, the cassava plant was a staple food for the Northern S. America, Southern Mesoamerica, and Caribbean native populations.
Cassava in Africa
Introduced by the Portuguese, the manioc plant and maize soon replaced traditional African crops and became staple foods for the African population.
EQ: What were the effects of the Columbian Exchange?
Because of the Columbian Exchange, manioc or cassava was widely adopted by Old World countries, even more so than maize. Even today, the carbohydrate-rich plant continues to sustains populations that might have been wiped out if not for the C.E introducing manioc and other staple foods from America. Cassava is now the third largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics, after rice and maize. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world, providing a basic diet for over half a billion people.
Manioc's popularity and rise to world-wide staple food, is due to its useful properties:
Manioc is a rich starch, and is a major source of carbohydrates
Manioc is able to be cultivated in nutrient-poor soil, where Old World staple foods could not grow.
Manioc is drought tolerant.
Poisonous (at times)
My kind of Cassava:
Other types of cassava:
Cauim ( Brazilian beer) , Cassava bread ( Africa ), and Tapioca Pearls ( Common in Asian desserts)