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Transcript of The Odyssey
Why is Odysseus
an "epic hero"?
Let's find out! TURN TO PAGE 394.
Has respect for the customs of his people & gods.
Odysseus arrives at the Land of the Dead and has come across Elpenor, who had been part of his crew before dying at Circe's island, unburied. Odysseus mourns him, guilty for not being able to give him a proper Greek burial.
"It was our luck to come here; here we stand, beholden for your help, or any gifts you give, as custom is to honor strangers" (line 211)
It is customary in Greek culture to treat strangers in your home respectfully (and like ROYALTY. Also, GIFTS).
Is clever, brave, and determined. Traits of
a TRUE warrior!
Example 1: The Trojan horse. Duh.
Example 2: The Sirens' singing (lines 686-698)
Odysseus tells his crew to tie him up so that he may hear the sirens' song safely without jumping the plank.
He then tells his crew to put wax on their ears so that they may be safe from the sirens' deadly-and-quite-lovely-but-DEADLY singing.
Example 3: His clever plan to escape Polyphemus' cave (lines 265-284).
Example 4: "My name is Nobdy: mother, father, and friends call me Nohbdy" (line 315). This trickery proves to save him and his crew later on. ["Nobdy, Nobdy's tricked me, Nobdy's ruined me!" (line 358)] Good job Odysseus!
Odysseus is the type of leader who would fight at the front line with his men rather than watch in safety as they are slaughtered.
His bravery is evident in his battles in the Trojan War, and the many hardships that arise as he fights to return home.
(Seriously, you gotta have the guts to stab a giant cyclops in the eye and live to tell the tale.)
(^Somewhere around line 265)
(Like, who does that?? Oh, right. ODYSSEUS.)
D is for DETERMINATION
While his crew froze in fear at the GIANT MAN-EATING CYCLOPS RIGHT IN FRONT OF THEM WHO HAD EATEN SOME OF THEIR BRETHREN OH MY GOD and were, otherwise, preoccupied, Odysseus was determined to stay calm and get them out alive.
Ah ha ha ha stayin' alive, stayin' alive
More traits of a TRUE warrior!
Devotion to family/friends
But with a great warrior comes FATAL FLAWS:
Pride in one's job is fine, but pride in the humiliation of another is not.
" 'Cyclops, if ever a mortal man to inquire how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye. Laerte's son, whose home's on Ithaca!' " (lines 457-460) shows Odysseus in a moment of pride at defeating the terrible cyclops Polyphemus! Unfortunately for him, Polyphemus' father is Poseidon, who does all he can to make Odysseus' return home dangerous.
"Ah, how sound that was! Yet I refused. I wished to see the cave man, what he had to offer..." (line 71). Odysseus, unfortunately,
possesses the curse of curiosity. Of course, curiosity is also a gift. To be curious means that you are interested in what life has to offer, and are not wallowing in self-pity over a tall glass of milk. (Or whatever beverage you prefer.) But with curiosity comes a need to snoop. Nobody likes a person who feels the need to know EVERYTHING THERE IS TO KNOW. And so curiosity proves to be a bad trait, for out of curiosity, Odysseus leads his men into Polyphemus' cave. CURIOSITY KILLED THE CAT. AND IT KILLED ODYSSEUS' MEN. COINCIDENCE? I THINK NOT!
Also, it involves a lot of determination for Odysseus to return home. Considering he could have just given up, it's quite admirable that he was so adamant to return to his family. (ooh big words)
Through his determination, he devised a plan to escape. And it worked! HUZZAH! (check out that last section or the one before b/c i'm too lazy to put line numbers sorry)
1. A vast setting
2. A QUEST
3. Rooted in a specific culture
4. SUPERNATURAL FORCES AT WORK
5. PHYSICAL IMPRESSIVE-NESS
Why Homer's "The Odyssey" is an EPIC POEM:
thanks for reading/watching/prezi-ing
Odysseus shows great self-control in his encounter with the Lotus Eaters (lines 70-108). While his crew eat the MAGICAL LOTUS PLANT and forget their objective (aka. GETTING HOME), Odysseus is all "Dudes, getcha head in the game!" and drags them away, while ignoring the temptations of the MAGICAL LOTUS PLANT. You go Odysseus Efron!
Also, in line 828, Odysseus respects the wishes of the Sun God, Helios, and does not eat the TEMPTING DELICIOUS CATTLE MEAT, while his crew DO NOT show self(ie)- control and eat the meat anyways, thus angering a god. /sighs
"But in my heart I never gave consent. Where shall a man find sweetness to surpass his own home and parents?" (line 34)
This line shows Odysseus' devotion to his family and companions because he feels that nothing will ever compare to the devotion he feels for the people he loves. Nothing will ever replace the people he holds dear in his heart.
"Great captain, a fair wind and the honey lights of home are all you seek" (lines 632-634)
Odysseus is on a quest. A quest...TO RETURN HOME. Yes, our daring hero seeks the comforts of home, and spends many years trying to find it. Will the lights guide him home? And ignite his bones? Find out in THE ODYSSEY!
In lines 484-487, we find Polyphemus cursing Odysseus. He calls the help of his father, Poseidon, to help bring justice to the pain Odysseus has caused him.
"Now Zeus the Lord of Cloud roused in the North a storm against the ships... we saw death and fury, dropped the yard... and pulled for the nearest lee" (lines 71-72). Because of Zeus' interference, Odysseus and his crew end up accidentally sailing to the Lotus Eaters' island.
"And the Lord Helios burst into an angry speech amid the immortals: " 'O Father Zeus and gods in bliss forever, punish Odysseus' men!" (lines 906-909). Helios is angry at Odysseus' men eating his precious cattle, so he asks for PUNISHMENT and DEATH and DESPAIR.
" 'Old shipmates, our stores are in the ship's hold, food and drink; the cattle here are not for our provision, or we pay dearly for it. Fierce the god is who cherishes these heifers and these sheep: Helios; and no man avoids his eye' " (lines 838-842)
Odysseus respects the wishes of Helios. He knows not to eat the cattle, or he will suffer a terrible punishment. Unfortunately, his crewmen are idiots and eat the cattle anyways. *cue wrathful god with terrible punishments*
"By night our ship ran onward toward the ocean's bourne, the realm and region of the Men of Winter" (lines 539-540"
Not only does Odysseus travel to distant lands on earth; he also travels to the Land of the Dead! Cool!
*SPOILER ALERT* After Poseidon destroys his boat, Odysseus swims for 2 days and 2 nights and SURVIVED. Now THAT'S impressive!
*ANOTHER SPOILER ALERT* "Now flashed arrow from twanging bow clean as a whistle through every socket ring, and grazed not one, to thud with heavy brazen head beyond" (lines 1389-1392). Odysseus is an ancient-Greek Legolas/Hawkeye/Katniss/Merida.
And he stabbed Polyphemus in the eye. (line ???)
The Odyssey is heavily rooted in Greek culture.
The epic poem not only involves Greek gods, but Odysseus, the hero, also encounters many creatures, such as the one-eyed monster Polyphemus and the Sirens, who sing sailors to their death.