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Cherokee Indians Presentation

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domanique harris

on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of Cherokee Indians Presentation

Cherokee Indians Presentation
Belief in Afterlife
The Cherokee believed the wood from the tree is considered very sacred, and in ancient days it was used to carry the honored dead (“Cherokee Nations”).

Traditional Cherokees also believe that after a person dies, his soul often continues to live on as a ghost. Ghosts are believed to have the ability to materialize. Not all people could see them (“Cherokee Nations”).

Spritual Beings
A group of spiritual beings still spoken of by many Cherokee is the Little People. They cannot be seen by man unless they wish it. They are very small and have long hair, sometimes reaching all the way to the ground (“Cherokee Nations”).

The Little People live in rocky shelters, caves in the mountains, or laurel thickets. They like drumming and dancing and they often help children; children who appear saddened and confused. They are also known to be quite mischievous at times (“Cherokee Nations”).

Art/ Symbols
The Cherokee Indians used artwork to show their creativity instead of using symbols.
They used the teeth, bones, and claws of wild animals to decorate their clothing. Dried berries and gray Indian corn were also shaped into beads (“Native American Art-Cherokee”).

Cherokee Native Americans made moccasins, bags, pincushions, needle cases, sport caps, picture frames, match holders, clothing and hanging baskets, which were brilliantly stitched with tiny glass beads by women (“Native American Art-Cherokee”).

Cherokee Indians also used curvy forms with leaves and floral patterns in their beadwork and basketry designs. They had abundant plant life in their territory (“Native American Art-Cherokee”).

Crafts such as pottery and basketry, quilting, and performance arts are all aspects of the Cherokee Culture (Stewart).

Creation Story
The Cherokee creation myth describes the earth as a floating island surrounded by seawater. It is said that the earth came to be when Dayun, the water beetle, came to inspect what was under the water. He dived into the bottom of the sea and brought up soft mud. The mud expanded and spread in every direction and it became the Earth. According to Cherokee Indian legend, a “Great Buzzard” flew close to the earth when it was still new, and its tired wings touched the ground in a few places. As the great bird’s wings touched the ground and then rose again, valleys and mountains were created that became the Cherokee land (Cherokee Indian Iore ).

The First New Moon of Spring is an example of a Critical Ritual. This festival was held in March. The seven Principal counselors determines when the moons appear. The messenger goes around to announce this event to all the Cherokee People. The first evening was when the selected women performed the friendship dance. The second day, everybody goes to the water for ritual purification. The third day, the people fasted. The fourth day, everyone participated in friendship dances and ended the ceremony. The chief of the Cherokees, the seven principals , and all the indians participated (“Cherokee Nations”).

Calendrical Ritual
The Mature Green Ceremony is an example of a Calendrical Ritual. This ritual was held about 45 days after the New Green Corn Ceremony. Before the festival, honorable women performed a religious dance and decided when the festival would be held. Hunters were sent out hunt and bring back game. An arch was built with green branches, making an arbor in the ceremonial grounds. Participants drank a special tea called a "Black Drink" which was used for cleansing and purifying. The people would have a dance for days while feasting on game and corn. This ceremony lasted for four days (“Cherokee Nations”).

Trail Of Tears
The Cherokee Indians went through a bad time in history. They were distraught. It was a hard time for the Indians and they didn’t know what to do. This event is known as “The Trail of Tears”.
During the Sevens Years’ War and American Revolution, a breakdown in relations with the British and the Americans led to repeated invasions of the Cherokee homeland (Boulware).
This tribe was included in the “Trail of Tears”. Many lost their lives and suffered from an illness of some sort (“Cherokee Indians”).
These Indians were forced migration and they had a golden rule: “Do To Others As Ye Should Do To You” (“Appeal of the Cherokee Nations”).

Critical Ritual
Works Cited
“Appeal of the Cherokee Nation.” “Appeal of the Cherokee Nation”: (2009):1. Mastertile Elite. Web. 11 September 2013.

Boulware, Tyler. “Cherokee Indians.” N.P. : Athens,GA:Georgia Humanities Council and The University of Georgia Press 2009. Digital Library of Georgia.Web.12 September 2013.

“Cherokee Indians.”Cherokee Indians.2013.Web. 11 September 2013.

Cherokee Indian Iore. How the World Was Made.Web. 18 September 2013.

“Cherokee Nations.”Cherokee Nations.2013.Web. 17 September 2013.

McLoughlin,William G. Cherokee And Missionaries, 1789-1839. N.P. : 1995. Eric.Web. 17 September 2013.

“Native American Art-Cherokee.” Native American Art.2002.Web.5 October 2013.

Stewart, Philip. “Chapter 6:Arts and Culture.”Cherokee: (2003):64. Book Collection:Nonfiction.Web.17 September 2013.

Creation Story Images
Afterlife Images
Little People Images
Cherokee Art
The Cherokee First Moon Ritual
This is during the ritual when the men just came back with the game they just hunted and they are cooking it for the ceromony.
The Trail of Tears
By:Domanique Harris
Full transcript