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Interfaith Youth Dialogue

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Aryaman Gupta

on 27 August 2014

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Transcript of Interfaith Youth Dialogue

Hinduism
Sanatan Dharma
No recorded beginning.
No human founder.
Complex monotheism
Brahman= Supreme Being
Dhriti
+
Damah
+
Indriya Nigraha
in
Sadhana
= Learning
Satya
Hindu Ideals
Divine consciousness in all matter
Cyclical universe
Receptive to all knowledge
Wish for everyone's well being
Harmony at all levels
comes by perfecting:
individual
family
society
universe
Flexible
Each soul is free to find their own way to reach fulfillment
Temple worship, scripture, learning from gurus important
soul reincarnates until realization of God and all past karma are resolved
Festivals, pilgrimage, chanting/singing holy shlokas (hymns), worship at home
Hindu Dharma Essentials
Concept of God
4 pillars of life
Dharma
Artha
Kama
Moksha
ne god.
Freedom of choice.
God is different to everyone
in form or concept.
Our goal: find enlightenment through a higher spiritual level
Concept of Idols.
Destination: Moksha
4 stages (Ashrama dharma)
Scriptures
Brahmacharya (student life)
Grihastha (family life)
Vedas
Vanaprastha
(retirement from family, still socially active)
Sanyasa
(letting go)
Rig Veda
Sama Veda
Yajur Veda
Atharva Veda
Upanishads
Ramayan
Mahabharat
Deva yagna (worship of God)
Pitri yagna
(remember ancestor/
departed souls)
Brahma yagna (study & reflect on knowledge)
Athithi yagna (respect fellow beings)
Bhoot yagna (feed creatures, symbolizes respecting Mother Nature)
MAIN BOOK: BHAGAVAD GITA
Mahayaganas
5 aspects of life
6th chapter of the Mahabharat
Festivals
Ram Navmi
Lohri
Dusshera
Diwali
Ganesh Chaturti
Holi
Navratri
Maha Shivratri
Onam
Bhai Dooj
Janmashtami
Ramlila
Dhanteras
Pongal
Makara Sankranti
Yugadi
Celebration of the New Year
The birth of Lord Ganesha
Elimination of darkness through the light of knowledge
The arrival of spring
“Nine Nights” in honor of 9 manifestations of the goddess
The victory of Rama over the demon Ravana
Classical Art
Dance in India
Dance is a sacred movement of the various limbs creating an intense divine feeling. It makes the union of Jeevatma (Individual Self) with the Paramatma (Divine Self).
Gandharva Veda is the scripture attributed to dance and music
The dancing girl figurine found in the ruins of Mohenjodaro suggests that the dance heritage of India is at least 5000 years old
Oldest cultural dance form
National dance of India
Performed by both men and women
Involves extensive use of gestures by eye, eyebrow, neck and wrist
Most refined and most scientific dance forms from Kerala
Originated from a dance-drama called Ramanattam between 1555 and 1605
Religions
There are many sects or religions within Hindu Dharma. Three of the main offshoots of Hinduism being:
Buddhism
Origin: North India, 5th century BC

Main Figure: Prince Siddhartha Gautama (563-483BC), Buddha.

Main text: Dhamappada which contains three pitakas (baskets) called vinaya, dharma and abhidharma (discipline, doctrine and further doctrine).

Followers: 400-500 million.

Deity: None, although Mahayana Buddhists believe in Buddha as a spiritual being.
Jainism
Origin: 6th century India.

Main Figures: 24 thirthankars starting with Rishabhdev and ending with Mahavir Swami

Main text: Jain Aagamas

Followers: 8-12 million.

Deity: Thirthankars
Sikhism
Origin: India, 16th century.

Main Figures: 10 Gurus starting from Guru Nanak to Guru Govind Singh

Main text: Guru Granth Sahib.

Followers: 24-28 million.

Deity: Sat (the Ultimate Truth)
Diversity
Yoga
Science and Technology
Spanning an area of 3,287,263 square kilometers, India is a vast country and includes dry desert areas, evergreen forests, snowy Himalayas, a long coast, and fertile plains.
Bharatnatyam
Kathak
Kathakali
Regions and Languages
The Indian currency is printed in 15 languages.
There is no such thing as the Indian language. By some counts there are over 400 languages in India
The food habits of Indians varies by the availability of raw materials, cooking traditions, local spices, and the religious faiths.
Besides the staples, the spices play an important role in Indian food. India also has a number of sweet dishes, mostly based on sugar, milk, and unbleached sugar.
In general Indian food is rich in oil and in spices. Rice and wheat are the primary bases for Indian food. The coastal areas fashion seafood delicacies, while the desert areas have mastered cooking with minimal use of water.
Food
Art and Architecture
In early India, most of the arts were derived Vedic influences. After the birth of contemporary Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism arts flourished under the patronage of kings and emperors. The coming of Islam spawned a whole new era of Indian architecture and art. Finally the British brought their own Gothic and Roman influences and fused it with the Indian style. They have a culture infusion in their art.
Typical South Indian Temple Gopuram (temple gate) built almost a millennium ago, but as tall as a modern mid-rise.
Victoria Memorial, a specimen of British Indian architecture, which incorporated European Gothic, Persian Saracenic and traditional Indian architecture.
The massive Ellora Hindu and Buddhist temples were not constructed, but in fact carved out of solid rock from the top to the bottom.
The Great Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi is the oldest existing structure in India, aside from the Indus Valley civilization ruins, and a World Heritage Site.
Sculpture of Buddha
Shiva and Uma
Bronze Figurines
6th Century Painting
1650 Painting
Clothing
Clothing in India varies from region to region depending on the ethnicity, geography, climate and cultural traditions of the people of that region.
India also has a great diversity in terms of weaves, fibers, colors and material of clothing. Color codes are followed in clothing based on the religion and ritual concerned. For instance, Hindus wear white clothes to indicate mourning while Parsis and Christians wear white to weddings.
Sari
Lehenga
Salwar
Kameez
Churidaar Kurta
Sherwani
Yoga
Hinduism
Not a way to exercise but a way to attain moksha.
controlling your:
mind
karmas
knowledge
emotions.
Oldest form of practiced in 200 B.C.E.
•The first writings on yoga were recorded based on the Vedas
4 Types
Raja
Karma
Gyan
Bhakti
Traditional Medicine
Called Ayurveda
Mathematics
Aryabhatiya discusses astronomy, arithmetic, geometry, algebra, and trig
Invention of zero
Ex. The diagonals of a rectangle bisect each other
Astronomy
Lunar Year
Horoscopes and Astrology
Full transcript