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Japan's Pro-Natal Policy
Transcript of Japan's Pro-Natal Policy
The Goverment has introduced new laws like the 'Child Care' and 'Family Care Leave' Laws.
In which parents can receive:
8 Weeks paid leave from work
Shorter Working hours
A maximum of 24 hours overtime a month
Economic Incentives e.g. Yamatsuri, a town of 7,000 just north of Tokyo, offers parents $4,600 for the birth of a child and $460 a year for 10 years.
Businesses have been urged to give their employees more time off to procreate.
Shops offer discounts to larger families.
Factors contributing to the trend for smaller families
High Education standards for women
Devotion to raising healthy children, means less children born per women.
Late Marriage, reducing the child bearing age window.
Increased participation of women in work, more career orientated women.
Small Living spaces in Japan.
Education about the problems of overpopulation
High costs of child education.
Has it been successful?
Despite government efforts and various incentives put in place the scheme was not a success. This is because the fertility rate only rose by 0.14% from 2005 to 2013.
The main argument is that the low fertility rates cannot largely be changed by government incentives, but by cultural features. An example of this could be natural response to socioeconomic changes.
Why did Japan choose a pro-natal policy?
By Matt & Charlie
Japan has an ageing population (in 1989, 11.6% of the population were over 65. In 2004, it had increased to over 20%- the highest in the world). Japan also has a very high life expectancy.
Japan has a low fertility rate, which was in 2005 was 1.26, 1.37 in 2008 and 1.4 in 2013.
This could lead to a decline in population from 127.8M to 95.2M by 2050, a 25% decrease.
To have a sufficient workforce to support the economy.