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Transcript of ASIA
MODERN AND ANCIENT ASIAN BUILDINGS
Ancient and modern Asian buildings are magnificent for us, it doesn’t matter if some of them are new or very old, they both required a lot of time and work to rise.
Ancient people work very hard to raise those temples, without all our new technology but however they could built this amazing structures and everything for the honor of their gods, inspired for their faith and gratitude.
The pagoda structure derives from that of the stupa (a hemispherical domed), it is first commemorative monument constructed in ancient India. Initially, these structures symbolized sacred mountains, and they were used to house relics or remains of saints and kings.
Asia is a continent full of several cultures, where we can see the contrast between tradition and huge development that the continent has had in the last years, this is evident when we compares the modern buildings and Asia's ancient buildings.
We have taken as a reference the temples of different religions focusing on the SHWEDAGON PAGODA where some Buddha's relics remain and BURJ KHALIFA in Dubai wich is one of the jewels of the 21th century.
officially named Shwedagon Zedi Daw and also known in English as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a gilded pagoda and stupa 99 metres (325 ft) in height that is located in Yangon, Burma. The pagoda lies to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, on Singuttara Hill, thus dominating the skyline of the city. It is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda for the Burmese with relics of four past Buddhas enshrined within: the staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Koṇāgamana, a piece of the robe of Kassapa and eight strands of hair from Gautama. Uppatasanti Pagoda is an exact replica of Shwedagon Pagoda in Naypyidaw, the capital of Burma.
Pagoda is a tower with multistory, solid or hollow structure made of stone, brick, or wood, usually associated with a Buddhist temple complex and therefore usually found in East and Southeast Asia, where Buddhism was long the prevailing religion.
While much of the pagoda's beauty derives from the complex geometry of its shape and surrounding structures, equally mesmerizing is its golden glow. It rises 326 feet (99 m) on a hill 168 feet (51 m) above the city. The lower stupa is plated with 8,688 solid gold bars, an upper part with another 13,153. The perimeter of the base of the Pagoda is 1,420 fee and its height 326 feet above the platform. The tip of the stupa, far too high for the human eye to discern in any detail, is set with 5448 diamonds, 2317 rubies, sapphires, and other gems, 1065 golden bells and, at the very top, a single 76-carat diamond.
Over 2,500 years ago, there lived a king by the name of Okkalapa. He was ruler of Suvannabhumi and ruled over the Talaings. At this time, Siddharta Guatama was living in northern India. He was still a young man and was not yet recognized as the Buddha.
According to Buddhist history, over 2500 years ago, Prince Siddartha had just attained Buddha hood, after the realization of the "Four Noble Truth" which are
1. Life means suffering.
2. The origin of suffering is attachment.
3. The cessation of suffering is attainable.
4. The path to the cessation of suffering
Tapussa and Bhallika, two merchant brothers of Asitanjana which was in the Mon country, went on a trading journey by ship and by 500 carts.
They arrived at the place where the Lord Buddha sat in the bliss of emancipation under the linlun tree. It was the 49th day after his Enlightenment and the two brothers offered him honey cakes.
After the Lord Buddha had eaten the cakes, the two brothers asked for a gift from him. The Lord Buddha passed his hand over his head and, obtaining eigth hairs, gave them to the brothers. The sacred hair were eight fingerbreadths long in the Majjhimadesa (Indian) measure.
The two brothers then returned as they had come, by carts and by ship, carrying the sacred hairs with them in a ruby casket. During their journey they were twice robbed, and 4 of the sacred hairs were taken from them. By the time they reached Myanmar, they had only 4 of The Buddha’s hairs left.
The two brothers then placed the ruby casket containing the remaining four sacred hairs in a pile of pearls shaped like a pagoda and informed the King of Ukkalapa of the matter. The King came with the four arms of war - elephants, horses, chariots and foot soldiers - and, making a vow, paid reverence by making a clockwise circuit of the pagoda of pearls. Through his vow, the sacred hairs were restored to their original number of eight.
The King of Okkalapa and the two brothers decided to enshrine the eight sacred hairs on Singuttara Hill to the east of Asitanjana where also were enshrined the relics of the three Buddhas previous to Guatama - the water filter of Kakusandha, the robe of Konagamana and the staff of Kassapa.
The enshrinement took place on the Full Moon day of Tabaung, a Wednesday. Sakka, the King of Okkalapa and the two brothers made a relic chamber 44 cubits square and 44 cubits deep. The relic chamber was filled knee-deep with jewels of all kinds; on these was placed a jewelled ship, and on the jewelled ship, the relics of the four Buddhas.
A stone slab all covered with gold was placed over the relic chamber and on it was erected a golden pagoda 44 cubits high. The golden pagoda was encased in a silver pagoda, then in a pagoda of gold and copper alloy, then in bronze pagoda, then in iron pagoda, then in a marble pagoda, and finally in a brick pagoda
The details as to exactly when and how the construction of the pagoda began are somewhat sketchy, but writings document that it was well-known and visible by the 11th century. Over the years, various kings and queens took part in renovating it, and enlarging the structure, making it even taller and grander than before.
Divided into four parts:
1. The lowest part
2. Second part is reminiscent of the double lotus throne
3. Third part of the spire
4. Fourth part and uppermost part of the spire is the hti
Consists of :
1. Circular bolts ( Kyi-wun )
2. The bell ( hkaung-laung )
3. The girdle ( yin-zi )
4. Inverted alms bowl (tha-beit- hmauk ) and
5. The festoon ( pan-zwe )
The base is made up of three terraces which recede upwards on :
1. A square plinth ( 6.4m) high,
2. Octagonal terraces (paccaya)
3. An Octagonal dais called the shit-hmaung, "eight-edges".
WHAT INSPIRED DESIGN?
The inspiration was a flower scientific name Hymenocallis. Its structure was used as the organizing principle in the design of the tower.
consumption of the building
The Burj Khalifa was jointly developed during the design stage of the tower, the plumbing system of the tower that provides an average of 946,000 liters of water for day.
The three basics elements are:
The octagonal base. The bell-shaped dome. The conical- shaped spire.
finally on January 4, 2010 the skyscraper was inaugurated in the middle of fireworks display.
* The burj khalifa have on the 124th floor observation a place which is 442 meters high.
*With the amount of glass panels that have the burj khalifa is could cover up to about 17 football stadiums and about 25 american football stadiums
*The Burj Khalifa need about 946,000 L of water daily.
* The panoramic elevators moving at 10 m / s; ie, 36 km / hour.
* This is the first structure that makes the man who breaks the barrier of 700 and 800 meters.
* It has a weight of about 7 million tons.
Throughout this research we have seen how the capabilities to build man are unmatched, has tested this ability in building the tallest building in the world (so far), a process in which hundreds and hundreds of men created the giant of the East, there is no doubt that human beings can do this kind of feats, but the question here is how high we can get ?.
The Burj Khalifa with over 820 meters has been crowned the world's tallest building. This presentation is intended to deepen the process of building this giant building.