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Reconstruction Era Timeline
Transcript of Reconstruction Era Timeline
By: Jade Nguyen 303
January 31-February 18
January 1, 1863
Lincoln signs the
declaring that all
the slaves in the
nation shall be free.
December 8 ,1863
President Lincoln announces the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. To southerners who swore allegiance to the Union and agree to accept the emancipation, they were given back all their property, but they have to agree to abolish slavery. Known as the 10 Percent Plan, it requires only 10% of a former confederate state's voters to pledge the oath before the state can begin the process of readmission into the Union.
In response to Lincoln's plan, Congress passes its own, the Wade-Davis Bill. It increases the allegiance requirement from 10% to the majority of a state's voters, limits many former Confederates from political participation in state reconstruction, demands blacks receive not only their freedom but equality before the law, and imposes a series of other requirements on the states. Lincoln does not sign the Wade-Davis Bill; his pocket veto means the bill does not pass into law.
New York City Draft Riot
In New York City, opposition to the nation's first military draft triggers the largest riot in American history, as poor white Northerners protest being forced to fight to end slavery. Over four days, the rebellion developed into wide-spread violence with numerous victims.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.
10 Percent Plan
"Lincoln Reelected." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
"Slavery Timeline." Slavery Timeline. Harper's Weekly, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.
Northerners unanimously vote for the leadership and policies of President Abraham Lincoln when they elect him to a second term. With his re-election, any hope for a negotiated settlement with the Confederacy vanished.
The Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery throughout the Union, wins Congressional approval and is sent to the states for ratification. By the end of February, 18 states will ratify the amendment; after significant delay in the South, ratification will be completed by December.