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Famous Social Psychological Experiment
Transcript of Famous Social Psychological Experiment
1/7/2013 Lantane & Darley's
Bystander Intervention What is the famous Bystander Intervention? The famous bystander intervention effect is an psychological incident, That asks why people are willing to help in non-emergency situations but not in emergency situations. Bibb Latane Latane and Darly conducted experiment 1 using students of columbia university. Students were invited to talk about the problems that are going on around the world. As students were filling out forms, smoke began to enter the room through the AC vents. Experiment 2: Lady in Distress In this experiment Lantane and Darly had some of their students alone or with another person behind a curtain.
Behind the curtain was a tape recording of woman falling and yelling about her hurt leg that lasted for 130 seconds. Experiment 3: The Case of the
Stolen Beer In this experiment Lantane and Darly did an reenactment of a shoplifting of beer in a liquor store. Lantane and Darly had two subjects one or two customers in the store and one or two robbers. The robbers would take the beer when the owner went to the back. In the picture to the left, Kitty Genovese was beat and murdered in the streets of New York 38 people watched and listened but no one helped or called the police. Hess, Ashley N. No. 9. Digital image. : The Bystander Effect. N.p., 20 Jan. 2011. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. Who are the two? Rubinstein, Noah. Bibb Latane Biography. Digital image. Bibb Latane Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. Born in New York on July 19th 1937. Studied at Yale has a bachelor's in behavior and culture. Latane identified what happens to the brain in certain situations. John Darly Psychology Headlines. Digital image. John Darley. N.p., 15 June 2005. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. Born on April 3 1938. He obtained his Ph.D in psychology from Harvard. Darly contributed to helping behavior. He is known for working in the case of kitty Genovese. Bibb Latane and John Darley found that the amount of time it takes for the victim to look for help in an emergency depends on the number of observers at the scene of the emergency. Latane and Darley found that conclusion by conducting several experiments. The experiments were conducted because Latane and Darley wanted to find out why people were more willing to help in non-emergency situations but not in emergency situations. Experiment 1. where there's smoke, there's sometimes a fire. Latane and Darly observed two results, When the students were alone in the room and noticed smoke they quickly went to report the problem, when the students were not alone in the room they would look up at the smoke and just shrug their shoulders and continue working on the forms. 75% of alone students noticed the smoke and went to report the problem
while 38% of the group students reported the problem. The reason for this experiment was to the measure the time that it took for the students to react the yelling of the woman. 70% of the alone students pulled back the curtain and checked while only 40% of the group of the students pulled back the curtain. 65% of the single customer in the store reported the stealing of the beer. And 56% of the two customer in the store report the stealing to the police with was less than expected. Lantane and Darly never thought that the customer would call the police, they thought the customers would on report the stealing to the owner when he returned from the back to the front/ The reason for conducting this experiment was to see if a group of people affected criminals Impact Latane and Darly concluded that the people that didn't report the emergencies showed signs of concern, they thought that they didn't have anything to do with the problem because of the others around them, Because of the other people around them they didn't feel the pressure to react. The bystander effect still exist today For example: A fight happens at school and the students around the fight don't do anything to stop the fight, they just stand their and yell. Work Citation Hess, Ashley N. No. 9. Digital image. : The Bystander Effect. N.p., 20 Jan. 2011. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. Rubinstein, Noah. Bibb Latane Biography. Digital image. Bibb Latane Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. Psychology Headlines. Digital image. John Darley. N.p., 15 June 2005. Web. 03 Jan. 2013. "Latane and Darley: Bystander Apathy." Latane and Darley: Bystander Apathy. N.p., 1969. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.
Harari, Herebal. "The Reaction to Rape by American Bystander." N.p., 1978. Web. 6 Jan. 2013.