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Transcript of Gang Subculture
- Gang members are more likely to be arrested or involved with drugs and alcohol than non-gang members
- 86% of U.S. cities with a population of 100,000 or more report gang activity
- Gang members are 60 times more likely to be killed than non-gang members
- Many well known gangs like the Crisp, the Bloods, and the 18th street originated in Los Angeles
Theories in Gang Subculture
The labeling theory
- if a group of people are labeled as a gang, this may cause them to adopt the characteristics of a gang and begin to take part in activities outside the norms and values of society
- this also applies within gang subculture (ie far less women are in gangs). The few who are often suffer from mental health problems. Report by Centre of Mental Health - over a quarter of young women identified as being involved with gangs had a suspected mental health problem, 30% were identified as self-harming or at risk of suicide and 40% showed signed of behavioural problems before the age of 12.
Social Learning Theory
- new gang members learn observationally from older gang members who are more deviant. The new members seek to please the others through acting in a criminal way. This ties in with Bandura's theory.
- classes in Category D/E are more likely to be in a criminal subculture (eg a gang) than the A/B classes. This links in with Conflict theory.
Crime in Gang Subculture
Anna & Beth
Gang members can commit crimes against members of their own gangs, rival gangs or non-gang members
The crime committed varies depending upon the nature of the gang and the individual members in it
They can specialise in certain activities such as theft or selling drugs or they may commit a wide variety of activities
For example,77% of gangs in Florida and Colorado are involved in selling drugs
What is a subculture?
A culture within a broader mainstream culture, with its own separate values, norms and beliefs
Crime is accepted as normal
A gang is a group of people who claim a territory and use it to make money through illegal activities
Why is it important not to stereotype members of society?
What types of crime are gangs more likely to commit?
Why is it easy to be 'swept up' in gang subculture?
What are the best ways of tackling this type of crime?