Transcript of Hamar
Hamar The of Southwestern Ethiopia The Hamar live in Southwest Ethiopia on the eastern side of the Omo Valley. The land of the Hamar is not owned by a specific person and anybody is free to cultivate it and let their cattle graze on it. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/africa/ethiopia http://farm6.static.flickr.com When the land has run out of berries and fruit and weeds have over taken most of it, the Hamar move on making the tribe semi-nomadic. The Hamar's population ranges from 15,000 to 40, 838. http://cache2.allpostersimages.com The population is decreasing as young Hamar don't follow traditions and move to more urban areas. It's difficult to find accurate information because the tribe numbers are decreasing and the tribe is always moving around. Language The Hamar speak Hamer-Banna, Banna being their neighboring tribe. Amharic is the official language. I think there is an official language in the country so citizens know what to speak in school and so there is a basic way of communication between different tribes Cultural Traditions Religion 90% of the Hamar are Sunni Muslim and practice the five pillars of Islam including the pilgrimage to Mecca. However, many still believe in animism, which means they believe all objects have souls. Another cultural tradition is when the women get whipped while the man performs the cow-leaping ceremony. The women demand to be whipped during the ceremony. The meet the Maza, who will perform the whipping. The Maza is a group of men who have just completed the cow-leaping ceremony and go from ceremony to ceremony whipping the women. The whipping is supposed to strengthen the bonds between the woman and man, the scars reminding them of what the woman did for the man during his initiation. The purpose of cultural traditions is to keep the tribe culture alive. The traditions influence the culture greatly and without the traditions, the tribe woudln't be what it is. Rites of Passage a ceremony performed to show a person's new status in the tribe. Cow-leaping ceremony: Once a boy comes of age, he is to jump over a line of cattle. By performing the ceremony, he is allowed to marry, have children, and own cattle. http://www.johnnyabyssinia.com/images The purpose of the rite of passage is to turn a boy into a man. Religious aspects of the ceremony include rubbing sand on him to wash away sins and strips of tree bark are strapped on him like a cross to show spiritual protection. Like most tribes in Africa, the Hamar are struggling with issues like AIDS. AIDS has caused the death of many tribal members. Sources: "Hamer People." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamar_people>.Full transcript
"BBC - Tribe - Hamar." BBC - Homepage. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/tribe/tribes/hamar/index.shtml>.
"Hamar Tribe of Ethiopia, Africa - African Tribes and People." African Adventure Safaris, Tour Africa Safaris to Namibia, Botswana, South Africa. Web. 07 Apr. 2011. <http://www.gateway-africa.com/tribe/Hamar_tribe.html>.