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Transcript of Egypt
Due to its unique location In the Exact middle of the old world Egypt was always colonized
periods of times throughout its history. The Suez Canal Statue Of Alexander The Great The Pharaoh Tut Ankh Ammon University Of Mansoura Stanley Bridge The Egyptian Museum Mohamed Ali Mosque Cairo The City Of Miracles The Miraculous Pyramids Cairo: The Sleepless City The Mother Of The world The Capital Historical Background
Pharaonic Egypt 5000 BC. And till in 332 BC
Ptolemaic Egypt 332-30 BC.Roman and Byzantine Egypt 30 BC. -641 AD
Arab and Muslim Age 641 - 2013
Ottoman Egypt 1517-1867
French occupation 1798-1801 By Napoleon Bonaparte
Egypt great ruler Muhammad Ali 1805-1841
Egyptian Khedivial 1867-1914
British occupation 1882-1953
Sultanate of Egypt 1914-1922
Egyptian Kingdom 1922-1953
Republic 1953 - present Population
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, and the 15th most populated in the world. The great majority of its over 90 million people live near the banks of the Nile River, The large regions of the Sahara Desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta. Egypt : مصر(Misṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt (Arabic: is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia via a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Area and the neighboring countries
Most of its territory of 1,010,000 square kilometers lies within North Africa and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip, the occupied Palastine and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. Cairo Alexandria Mokhles Idrees Egypt مصر. جمهو The Ornaments Of The Ceiling Mohamed Ali Mosque Faculty of Arts Mansura Education
History of Education in Egypt
Modern education was introduced during the reign Of Mohamed Ali Basha during the early 1800s. He started a dual system of education at the time:
one serving the masses attending traditional Islamic schools (Kuttab) and another called Madrasa (Arabic word for school) for the elite civil servants. The Kuttab taught students the basics of reading and writing through memorizing and reciting Qur'anic verses with no emphasis on experimentation, problem solving or learning-by-doing; while the Madrasa offered a more modern educational courses.
The Egyptian educational system is highly centralized, and is divided into three stages:
Primary Stage: (6 years, students ages 6:12 years)
Preparatory Stage: ( 3 years 13 : 15 years )
Secondary Education: ( 3 years 16 : 18 )
The University or the Higher Education: (Mainly 4 years or more according to the college itself ) Types of Schools
(1) Governmental Schools:
Generally speaking, there are two types of government schools: Arabic Schools and Experimental Language Schools.
• Arabic Schools: provide the governmental national curriculum in the Arabic Language.
• A governmental English language curriculum is taught starting at first Primary year and either French, German, Spanish or Italian is added as a second foreign language in Secondary Education.
• Experimental Language Schools, teach most of the government curriculum (Science, Mathematics and Computer) in English, and adds French or German as a second foreign language in Preparatory Education.
• An Advanced English language curriculum is provided in all Educational stages, Except for the last two years. Social Studies are taught in Arabic. Students are admitted into first grade at age seven; a year older than Arabic schools.
( 2 ) Private Schools
Generally speaking, there are four types of private schools:
• Ordinary schools, their curriculum is quite similar to that of the government schools, but the private schools pay more attention to the students' personal needs and to the school facilities.
• Language schools, teach most of the government curriculum in English, and add French or German as a second foreign language.
• These Schools have better facilities available, but their fees are much higher
• International Schools, are private schools that follow another country's curriculum, like a British, American, or French system,
• The degrees earned from them get official certification from the Ministry to be eligible to enroll in Egyptian universities, such schools offer even better facilities & activities than regular private schools with higher fees,
The basic education consists of pre-primary, primary and preparatory levels of education ( from grade 1 to grade 9 )
Secondary education consists of three tracks: general, vocational/technical. The general secondary stage includes 3 years of education.
• The Azhar Institution itself is nominally independent from the Ministry of Education, but is ultimately under supervision by the Egyptian Prime Minister.
• All schools in all stages teach religious subjects and non-religious subjects, to a certain degree- not as intensively as the state schools.
• It consists of six years of primary stage, a three-year preparatory stage and finally three years of secondary stage and finally Al Azhar University.
there are separate schools for girls and boys. Al Azhar education system is supervised by the Supreme Council of the Al-Azhar Institution Our Great 25 th January Revolution Bibliotheca Of Alexandria Egyptian food Souad Hosny History, Influence and recent economic Activities
Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern state, having been continuously inhabited since the 10th millennium BCE. Its monuments, such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx, were constructed by its ancient civilization, which was one of the most advanced of its time.
Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest.
Egypt's rich cultural legacy, as well as the attraction of its Red Sea Riviera, has made tourism a vital part of the economy, employing about 12% of the country's workforce.
The economy of Egypt is one of the most diversified in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and services at almost equal production levels.
Egypt is considered to be a middle power, with significant cultural, political, and military influence in the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the Muslim world. Luxor and Aswan Hurghada & Sharm Elsheikh Khufu's Great Pyramid
It's 756 feet long on each side, 450 feet high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. Despite the makers' limited surveying tools, no side is more than 8 inches different in length than another, and the whole structure is perfectly oriented to the points of the compass. in the 19th century, it was the tallest building in the world and, at the age of 4,500 years, it is the only one of the famous "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World" that still stands. Even today it remains the most massive building on Earth. It is the Great Pyramid of Khufu, at Giza, Egypt.