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AP: Medieval Western Europe

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by

Luke Bailey

on 13 November 2018

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Transcript of AP: Medieval Western Europe

AP: Medieval Western Europe
Decline
-Again, no more Roman Empire starting in late 400s

-Cities go into decline- Rome's pop goes from a million to 10,000!

-Trade, roads, literacy, coinage all decline.

-Romanized Germanic tribes take power
Carolingians
-Frankish warriors conquered vast lands and unified it under one state

-Charlemagne (768-814) created a unified empire in which coinage, education, and law courts were reestablished

-Established Feudal system by giving land to his greatest warriors

-Charlemagne was crowned "Holy Roman Emperor" by the Pope, in an attempt at restoring that what was lost

-However, his empire broke apart after he childless son's death
Holy Roman Empire
-Began under Otto I in late 900w

-An attempt to recreate Roman Golden Age- failed. Exclusive to Central Europe

-A collection of small principalities under nominal control of an "Emperor"- in reality, highly decentralized
Feudalism
Christian Integration
-For the most part, Christianity spread peacefully from the vestiges of Rome

-Northern European pagan practices were integrated into Christian practice (polytheism became "saints", amulets became images of Jesus/Mary, the Winter Solstice became Christmas, festival of Eastra became Easter)
Change
-From 500s to 1,000, Europe had few cities and was under constant conflict with outside invaders (Huns, Muslims, Vikings, Magyars, etc)

-By 1,000, however, we enter the "High Middle Ages", a period in which Europe was mostly stable

-This coincided a warming period in climate, increased population, and the re-emergence of cities
Growth of Trade
Paladine
Investiture Controversy
Just For Fun
Population Boom
-From 1,000 to 1340, Europe's pop goes from 35 mil to 80 mil

-Increased trade allows for the growth of cities, which fit awkwardly into Feudal system (why?)

-Artisans, theologians, lawyers, doctors, etc start emerging with an increase in literacy
Homework
-We will talk about the High Middle Ages Thursday

-Quiz Friday

-Due Thursday: Outline to midway 434
Full transcript