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Lexicalise Your Lesson - Elem. School

Nazareth, 19 Feb 2013
by

Leo Selivan

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of Lexicalise Your Lesson - Elem. School

Lexicalise Your Lesson
Leo Selivan

V+N

Adj+N

N+(of)+N

Adv+Adj

V+Adv

N+V
take a breath

demanding job

a cup of tea

ridiculously cheap

talk freely

alarm went off
Collocation types
Online resources
Learners do not have enough exposure

Learners need guidance

Learner L1 influences their production
Why is collocation important ?
Allows learners process and produce language at a faster rate

Helps learners move from receptive to productive vocabulary knowledge

Difference between near synonyms is often their collocational fields
More reasons
"Progress in English [...] depends on sufficient lexical input, of which collocation is the single most important element."
Lewis, M. (ed) (2000). Teaching collocation: Further developments in the Lexical Approach. Hove: LTP
...a few years ago
See you later!
Come to think of it...
If I were you...
There's been a lot of opposition to...
Lexical chunks
Cambridge Dictionary Online
dictionary.cambridge.org

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
www.ldoceonline.com

Just the Word - Collocation look up
www.just-the-word.com
Language knowledge is collocational knowledge
hot / free / proper / main
meal
take / make / break
a vow
set up / run / do (a)
business
regular
customer / check / exercise
______ the dog out for a walk
______ advantage
I ______ it as a compliment
Let’s ______ the bus
What do you ______ me for?!
How do you ______it? With or without milk?
Task
Which types of vocabulary exercises are more common in textbooks?
Exercises in textbooks tend to focus on
paradigmatic

(sense)
relationships
Corpus - A database of samples of 'real world' texts
paradigmatic axis
syntagmatic axis
Main pedagogic principles
Teach words in CHUNKS

Integrate NEW items with OLD items

Provide natural EXAMPLES

Paradigmatic relationships
tend to be similar across - even vastly different - languages

Syntagmatic relationships
are often arbitrary
Wolter, B. & Gyllstad, H. (2011). 'Collocational links in the L2 mental lexicon and the influence of L1 intralexical knowledge'. Applied Linguistics, 32(4), 430-449
Website:
leoxicon.blogspot.com

Email
: leosel@hotmail.com

Follow me on
Facebook:
Leo Selivan ELT

Contact
synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy
Paradigmatic (vertical) relationships:
Syntagmatic (horizontal) relationships:
collocation, colligation
Fruit

Clothes
apple shirt banana hat apricot skirt peach tie pear scarf
Presenting new words in semantic sets
interferes with learning
Tinkham, T. (1993). The effect of semantic clustering on the learning of L2 vocabulary. System 21(3), 371-380

Waring, R. (1997). The negative effects of learning words in semantic sets: A replication. System 25, 261-274
Photos by Tzvi Meller
shirt hammer (to) sell sunny government
shirt
hat
skirt
tie
scarf
The government
His flat
My school good
The food is bad
Our teacher OK
This book

Adapted from Andrew Walkley's blog
US
new
old
traditional
maths
children's

I go to school by car / train / bus

I like to eat ______ for _______.

Can I borrow your _______ ?

Collocations: frequent combinations of two (or three) content words
give advice

Semi-fixed expressions have at least one slot into which a number of different words can be inserted
Could you please pass the ... ?

Fixed expressions cannot be changed.
How's it going?
thank you for _______ me here today...
a topic I am particularly _________ in
have enjoyed a fruitful ____________
hope our relationship continues to _______
inviting
interested
collaboration
grow
memorized phrases are the building blocks of fluent speech

"a phrase book with grammatical notes"
Pawley, A. & Syder, F.H. (1983). Two puzzles for linguistic theory: nativelike selection and nativelike fluency. Available at: http://bit.ly/15rl19p
Lewis, M. (1993).
The Lexical Approach.
go home
... is at home
... works from home
buy a new house

Learner at all levels make collocational errors

Errors mainly due to L1 transfer
Israeli learners of English
L1 - Hebrew / Arabic
Laufer, B. & Waldman, T. (2011). 'Verb-noun collocations in second language writing: a corpus analysis of learners’ English'. Language Learning, 61(2), 647-672
Research
Students' writing analyzed across
three levels of proficiency
1. small lunch (light meal)
2. e.g. a picnic (cold meal)
3. a device to turn a lamp on (light switch)
4. easy tasks, e.g. dusting (light work)
5. and the opposite of this (hard work)
6. praise for achievement (great work!)
7. praise for cooking (great meal!)
8. bad weather (rainy and cold)
9. bad weather that is not a serious problem (light rain)
10. what you do at night before you go to bed (switch off the light)
Collocation box - answers
Which is more effective?
Alternatives to lexical sets
tea
wine
pizza
football
cars
vodka

from China
from France
from Italy
from Brazil
from Germany
from Russia

Davis, P. & Kryszewska, H. (2003). 'Chunking for Beginners'. Humanising Language Teaching. Retrieved from: www.hltmag.co.uk/mar03/less.htm
Chunks for beginners
Lexis = Vocabulary + Grammar
Verb + noun collocations
Daily routines
go to school
brush my teeth
do homework
watch TV
do sport
feed the dog
do
carry out
conduct
Full transcript