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Paragraph Writing Strategy

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by

KT Jones

on 19 February 2016

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Transcript of Paragraph Writing Strategy

Paragraph Writing Strategy
Paragraph Writing Strategy Warm-Up
Introduction to Paragraph Writing Strategy w/ Unit Organizer
4 parts of a paragraph
Types of Topic Sentences (define)
Types of Topic Sentences (model & verbal practice) Notebook presentation
New PENS Strategy
Types of Topic Sentences (practice)
Write Topic Sentences
Types of Detail Sentences (define)
Types of Detail Sentences (model & verbal practice)
Find Transitions in Detail Sentences
Types of Detail Sentences Lead In & Follow Up Sentences (define and find 2C)
Write Detail Sentences and detail sentences using 3C organizer
Touchstones!

Types of Clincher Sentences (define)
Types of Clincher Sentences (model & verbal practice)
Types of Clincher Sentences (practice)
Paragraph Writing Strategy Generalization activity
Student Understanding: Clearly constructed paragraphs have 4 types of strategically written sentences. Topic Sentences come in 3 varieties: general, clueing, and specific. Detail sentences.... Clincher Sentences ccan be written in three ways: general, clueing, and specific.
Assessment: Marking sentences, practice sheets, verbal practice
CCSS: W. 11-12.4, L. 11-12.3
UDL: Multiple means of representation and expression
Differentiation: Group for ability and remediation
Mon.
9/22/14
Mon.
9/15/14
Wed.
9/17/14
Thurs.
9/18/14
Fri.
9/19/14
Tues.
9/16/14
Topic Sentence
Transitions
Lead-off Details
Follow-up Details
Clincher Sentence

1st- "I went with Holly." narrator is in story

2nd- "You go with Holly." narrator speaks directly to you

3rd- "She went with Holly." narrator is an observer of the story
Transitions List
Clue Words for Clueing Topic Sentences
Transitions
&
Mon.
9/29/14
Mon.
9/15/14
Wed.
9/17/14
Thurs.
9/18/14
Fri.
9/19/14
Paragraph Writing Strategy
Introduction to Paragraph Writing Strategy w/ Unit Organizer
4 parts of a paragraph
Types of Topic Sentences (define)
Types of Topic Sentences (model & verbal practice) Notebook presentation
New PENS Strategy
Types of Topic Sentences (practice)
Write Topic Sentences
Types of Detail Sentences (define)
Types of Detail Sentences (model & verbal practice)
Find Transitions in Detail Sentences
Types of Detail Sentences Lead In & Follow Up Sentences (define and find 2C)
Write Detail Sentences and detail sentences using 3C organizer
Types of Clincher Sentences (define)
Types of Clincher Sentences (model & verbal practice)
Types of Clincher Sentences (practice)
Paragraph Writing Strategy Generalization activity: satire
Sequential Type Paragraph
Peanut butter sandwich
Narrative Type Paragraph
Paragraph Organizer for Harrison Bergeron

Student Understanding: Clearly constructed paragraphs have 4 types of strategically written sentences. Topic Sentences come in 3 varieties: general, clueing, and specific. Detail sentences.... Clincher Sentences can be written in three ways: general, clueing, and specific.
Assessment: learning sheets, verbal practice, paragraph diagrams, paragraphs
CCSS: W. 11-12.4, L. 11-12.3
UDL: Multiple means of representation and expression
Differentiation: Group for ability and remediation
Tues.
9/30/14
The Paragraph Writing Strategy is a method of organizing ideas related to a topic and presenting them in written paragraph form using a title, a topic sentence, a few transitions, a variety of detail sentences, and a clincher sentence.
Want to easily write a great paragraph?
Let's review the basic parts of a paragraph.
Title
Introduction
Body
Conclusion
Notice these are the same basic parts of an essay. Remember that.
Don’t forget your title.
Good titles serve two purposes:
(1) awaken your reader's interest
(2) preview the topic of the paragraph or essay
The Title: Forgotten and Neglected
What makes a good title? Well, good titles are original, thoughtful, and interesting. Avoid the following errors when writing a title:
Don’t merely use the title of the text you are analyzing.
Don’t use a single word.
Don’t use a stale or cliché expression.
Don’t simply use the name of the assignment.
The Introduction is the Topic Sentence
There are 3 types to choose from for variety.
General Topic Sentence
-
names the main idea of the paragraph
Ex: Not much is left of a tornado-stricken town called Nora, Nebraska.
Clueing Topic Sentence
-

names the main idea of the paragraph and gives a clue word about the upcoming details
Ex: Nora, Nebraska looks like a demolition site for a variety of reasons.
Specific Topic Sentence
-
names the main idea and specifically lists the upcoming details in the order they will appear in the body of the paragraph.
Ex: Nora, Nebraska looks like a demolition site because of a tornado strike, lack of emergency funds, and the permanent relocation of citizens to a nearby city.
Body
The body of a paragraph is made up of detail sentences.
Lead-Off Detail Sentence- discusses one of the details in the paragraph, begins with a transition to show the relationship between that Lead-Off Detail and the rest of the Lead-Off Details in the paragraph

Follow-up Detail Sentence- provides more information about the detail presented in the Lead-off Detail Sentence before it

Transition- a word or phrase that signals the introduction of a new Lead-Off Detail Sentence and shows the relationship it between and all other Lead-Off Detail Sentences SEE the TRANSITIONS LIST!
The body of a paragraph may look similar to this structure:

Detail #1: Lead-Off Sentence introduced with a transition
*Follow-Up Detail Sentence (additional information about detail #1)
*Follow-Up Detail Sentence (additional information about detail #1)
Detail #2: Lead-Off Sentence introduced with a transition
*Follow-Up Detail Sentence (additional information about detail #2)
Detail #3: Lead-Off Sentence introduced with a transition
*Follow-Up Detail Sentence (additional information about detail #3)

Clincher Sentence
All 3 Types of Clincher Sentences
are the last sentence in the paragraph
are different than the topic sentence type
start with a concluding transition

General Clincher Sentence
:
names the main idea with a general statement
Ex: To summarize, these are my favorite car models.
Clueing Clincher Sentence
: names the main idea, ties the details together with a clue word
Ex: In sum, these three cars are my favorite car models.
Specific Clincher Sentence
:
names the main idea, names the specific details covered in the order they were presented in the paragraph
Ex: To conclude, the Mustang, Bentley, and Denali are my favorite car models.


Paragraph Diagram
Point of View
Tense
Past Tense
painted
was painting
had painted

Present Tense
is painting
paints

Future Tense
will paint
shall paint
These are called
transition sequences
Size, Time, Space, Importance, Chain Link, Concluding
This is where you organize the body of the paragraph.
This is where you plan your transitions
This is where you plan your clincher/concluding sentence.
This is where you plan your title.
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