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Israel-Palestine Conflict

Year 12 Social Studies

John-Paul Powley

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Israel-Palestine Conflict

Israel is in the Middle East
Middle East
Islam is the main religion of the Middle East. Sunni and Shiite are two different types of Islam. The Orthodox religions are Christian.
Label your map of the Middle East using the atlas
Label your map of Israel with these places: Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Tel Aviv, and highlight the River Jordan.
decide on three categories
decide on two examples and explain
do this three times:
Look at the three charts you have made and then write three generalisations: one about population, religion and conflict.
Week Two
Week One
Israel-Palestine Conflict
This course is about two things: conflict and rights
Welcome to Sociology
What causes conflicts?
How can conflicts be addressed?
How can people and countries:
Exercise their rights, and
Meet their responsibilities?
Often conflicts emerge out of a conflict over rights
What do these two sentences mean?
Exercise your rights?
Meet your responsibilities?
What is an example of a right?
Watch this clip which briefly shows the 30 rights listed in the UDHR.
In groups take a worksheet and complete the columns for the first five rights
We are all born free and equal
Reality check
In NZ some people are born with a lot, and some people with very little. Some children grow up in places with less stuff, and more problems. Also, we all have different abilities and some people are disabled and can't do some things.
If we think this right is important then we have the responsibility to make sure that people who face challenges from birth are given extra help when they need it to ensure they have the same opportunities as everyone else.
No discrimination
We have the right to life
No slavery
No torture
Read these five rights. As a class we need to agree on what they mean. To help clarify our thinking, for each one ask: what does the NZ government do to meet their responsibility to protect this right?
Now, you MUST do this step silently and secretly. Each person must now rank the five rights from most to least important. This is a personal decision.
Finally, you need to imagine that you are the NZ government. Times are tough. It's expensive protecting everyone's rights. One right will have to be cut. In ten minutes you will be explaining which right is being cut and why to the whole class
So what?
Copy and complete
Sociology is about conflict and rights. Our group had to choose one right to get rid of and we chose:
The main reason that we chose this right and not the others was because: (explain why the others were more important)
Because we had different ideas or beliefs about different rights there was conflict when we tried to get rid of one right. We addressed this conflict by: (explain what you did to get to a final decision, and whether this was effective or not).
Key Understandings
Define terms: (exercise) rights, (meet) responsibility, (address) conflict
Describe some rights and responsibilities
Compare and contrast rights with other people
Analyse ways of addressing conflict
1. You have the right to own things and nobody has the right to take these from you without a good reason
2. You have the right to think what you want, to say what you like, and nobody should forbid you from doing so
3. You have the right to belong to a country and nobody can prevent you, without a good reason, from belonging to a country if you wish
4. You have the right to go to school and everyone should go to school
5. You should be considered innocent until it can be proven that you are guilty
Next you will form groups based on which right you put as your most important. You should NOT be in a group with someone who agrees with you.
Key Understandings
Define the Middle East
Describe the main countries and locations
Analyse the population, religion and conflict in the area
Make generalisations about the Middle East
Conflict in the Middle East
Israel & Palestine
If you can do these things at the end you have gained the main points of the lesson
Open Book Test
How well have you taken in the first three weeks?
Draw a map of Israel that shows the Palestinian Territories, Jerusalem, and the surrounding countries
Show the general location of all the characters in the film Promises - where did they live in 2000?
Put the characters on a continuum:
Who owns the land?
At this point, which character do you have the most sympathy with and why? You need to give evidence to back up your points.
Week Four
Judaism and Islam
Key Understanding:
Analyse the Jewish relationship with Israel
Judaism, the religion of the Jewish people, is one of the oldest religions in the world. It reaches back 3,000 years. A lot of its early history is in a collection of books called the Torah. The Torah are the first five books of the Old Testament in the Bible.
from Genesis
Like Christianity and Islam, Judaism says that there is only one God and that God created the world. God expressed what He expects of people in the Ten Commandments and other laws meant to regulate the daily life of the individual and the community. To purposely disobey these laws is to sin, and people have the ability to choose whether or not they will sin.
Jews believe that they have been chosen to have a special relationship with God. They must devote themselves to God and love one another because God selected them to bring knowledge of Him to the rest of the world. They believe that in return, God has promised to make the Jews (Israel) a great nation that will eventually draw other nations together in a worldwide community of justice and peace.
The father of Judaism is Abraham (Abram). In Genesis, Abraham is told by God to go to the land that will become Israel. This is about 3,000 years ago.
Describe five key things you have learnt about Judaism in sentences in your book under the title: Introduction to Judaism.
Rewrite the Biblical language of Abram's mission from God into modern English.
What fact about Judaism might make it hard for some Jewish people to accept other religions in Israel?
TEXAS Paragraph
Key Understanding:
Continue to analyse the Jewish relationship with Israel
This is the Temple Mount a very holy site for Jews and Muslims. Inside this temple - called the Dome of the Rock - is the Foundation Stone.
Here is the Foundation Stone photographed from above
It was on this stone that Abraham was about to sacrifice his only son to prove his obedience to God. Luckily for the son, God stopped him.
A lot later on a man called Moses received the ten commandments from God. These stone tablets were kept in a box and the box was kept in a temple in Jerusalem. This temple was destroyed a few times and the tablets lost, but the wall of one of these temples still exists, and is called the Western Wall (or Wailing Wall)
What happened at this place in the movie Promises?
Muslims believe in the same God as Christians and Jews. They also believe that people like Abraham and Moses are very important. In fact, Moses is in the Koran (the Muslim holy book) a lot. For Muslims the most important person though is Muhammad. I am not going to show you a picture of this man, because Muslims find this offensive to their religion.
Muslims believe that the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount is where Muhammad went up to heaven with the angel Gabriel and came in contact with the divine. When he returned to the earth he called on the people to join him and become a Muslim.
More than that though, this is the place where God started the creation of the Earth from, and where he gathered the dust to make the first man.
On the Temple Mount is the Dome of the Rock. Inside the Dome of the Rock is the Foundation Stone. Why is this stone important to Jews?
Why is the Dome of the Rock important to Muslims?
In the movie Promises Daniel and Yarko visit the Western Wall where they see a lot of orthodox Jews. Why is this place important to the Jews?
These Jewish and Muslim sites are very close to each other in Jerusalem. In what other ways are the Jewish and Muslim religions close to each other?
People have been living in Jerusalem since at least 3000 BC. The city has been destroyed and rebuilt several times, and it has been controlled by many different groups of people throughout its history.
One famous ruler was David, the king of the Israelites, who captured Jerusalem in about 1000 BC. The city then became the Jewish kingdom's capital. The next ruler was King Solomon, David's son, who expanded the city and built the Great Temple. After Solomon's death the kingdom was divided and Jerusalem became the capital of the new kingdom of Judah.
In 586 BC King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon captured Jerusalem, destroyed the Great Temple and forced the king to leave. The city remained in Babylonian captivity for 50 years. This captivity ended in 538 BC when Persia's Cyrus II the Great, who had captured Babylon, allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. The Second Temple was finished in 515 BC.
The Roman Empire took over Jerusalem in 63 BC. From 40 BC to 4BC the Roman king Herod the Great brought riches and fame to the city. He also rebuilt the Temple, which had been plundered by an earlier Roman ruler. It was during Herod's reign that Jesus of Nazareth was born. In AD 66 the Jews rose up in arms against Roman rule. Four years later the Roman emperor Titus crushed the rebels and destroyed the city, including the Temple.
Christian pilgrims soon began to travel to Jerusalem because of its association with Jesus. After the Roman emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity in the AD 300s, many Christian churches and shrines were built in the city.
In AD 638 the Muslim leader Omar arrived in Jerusalem. This marked the beginning of a long period of Muslim rule of the city. At first people of all religions were allowed in Jerusalem, but eventually only Muslims had permission to be there. In the 1000s, Christians from the West began a series of military campaigns known as the Crusades to take back control of Jerusalem from the Muslim rulers. They gained control for several years, but they were finally defeated in the 1200s. After the Muslims regained control, Jews were once again allowed to live in Jerusalem. The city remained in Muslim hands for the next 500 years. In the 1800s the city began expanding beyond the walls of the Old City.
Modern Era
During World War I (1914–18), the British captured Jerusalem and the rest of Palestine from the Ottoman Turks. They remained there until after World War II (1939–45). After the war, the United Nations (UN) decided that Palestine should be divided into an Arab and a Jewish state and that Jerusalem should be an international city. As soon as the British left in 1948, the state of Israel was established. It was immediately attacked by Arab countries, including the new Arab state of Transjordan (now Jordan). In the fighting, Jordan captured the Old City, and Israel captured the rest of Jerusalem. Later, during the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel invaded the Old City and brought all of Jerusalem under Israeli rule. Although the Israeli government made Jerusalem its capital in 1980, many Arab groups argue that Israel does not have the right to claim Jerusalem as its capital. Jerusalem continues to be a site of fighting between Israelis and Palestinians and other Arab groups.
Using the underlined dates make a time line of Jerusalem.
David, Solomon
First Temple
586-538BC Babylon
515BC Second Temple
Zion is another word for Israel
63BC - 66AD
70AD, Temple destroyed
300AD +
638AD Muslim control
You will make a presentation at the end of next lesson
You will be assigned a monument in the old city of Jerusalem
You will need to look at three websites to find out information: google maps (visit the old city of Jerusalem and have a look around - it's pretty cool); Encyclopedia Britannica on EPIC; and Google news
Your presentation must show the site and answer these questions:
When was this building built, who by, and why?
Who is this building important to and why?
Has this place been in the news? Why?
Places to Research:
The Western Wall
The Dome of the Rock
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Via Dolorosa
Mount Zion
Mount of Olives
1000-1200 off and on Christian control
1200 - 1918 Muslim control
1918-1948 British
Key Understanding:
Sequence the different groups that have controlled Jerusalem
Write a list of the groups that have controlled Jerusalem and record how long they have ruled for
What do you think Jerusalem should be the capital of?
Key Understanding:
Create a presentation that explains the significance of a site in Jerusalem
Week Six
Key Understanding:
I can summarise what I have learnt so far
We are going to make a one page summary of what we have learned so far about our topic. This is a chance to fill in gaps, clear up questions, and put everything in one place. Everything here is something we have done in class.
The Israel-Palestine Conflict
Israel is in the Middle East. What countries are around Israel? What is the major way that Israel is different from its neighbours?
Inside Israel there are two territories. What are they called and who lives there? How are they different from a typical Israeli?
Why is Abraham an important person in the current story of the Jews, and the story of Israel?
Jerusalem is an important city for Jews and Muslims. Why? Why is this a problem?
How many different groups have controlled Jerusalem in the last 3,000 years and how long for each time?
Before 1948 the last time that the Jews had control over Israel was 1,800 years ago. What is Zionism and what did it want to do about this 1,800 year gap?
How did World War One change the situation in the land that is now called Israel?
Correct or complete the review from yesterday
Take the new handout, and complete these tasks:
Give three reasons - supported with evidence - that Jerusalem is important to the Muslims
Stick the map and flag into your book, and then show where the characters in the movie Promises lived, and explain how this and their nationality might have impacted on their views. The characters were: Shlomo, Daniel and Yarko, Sanabel, Mahmoud, Moishe and Faraj.
Key Understanding:
Why were the Jews in Europe discriminated against?
What were the consequences of this discrimination?
Sheet One: The Middle Ages
Sheet Two: The Pogroms
After the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans most Jews left Israel and settled in other areas like Eastern Europe (Poland and Russia), and Western Europe. This was called the diaspora (the dispersal, or spreading out of the Jews). Unfortunately the Jews in Europe experienced a lot of anti-semitism (anti-Jewish discrimination). When we read this sheet we are going to list examples of anti-semitism, reasons for it, and consequences.
A lot of Jewish people lived in Poland in the 18th century. When Russia took over Poland there were harsh consequences for the Jews. This brutality explains why many Jews began to move again. We are going to read the sheet and continue our list of examples of anti-semitism, reasons, and consequences.
Anti-Semitic Events Before 1948
Key Understanding:
What events led directly to the creation of Israel in 1948
A New Nightmare
The Holocaust
The rise of the Nazis in Germany would change the world. One group who particularly bore the brunt of these changes were the Jews. We know that anti-semitism had been around for a long time in Europe before the 1930s, but what particular things did the Nazis do in the 1930s to bring anti-Semitism to a fever pitch?
The Holocaust is one of the worst, systematic genocides the world has ever seen. The horror of it stunned the world, and is partly the reason the United Nations created the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. It was also one of the main reasons that Israel was established in 1948.
Key Understanding:
What were the direct causes and effects of the 1948 partition?
BBC Documentary: The Birth of Israel
Take a note of the main idea for each of these points:
The Holocaust changed views
American v British views about Palestine
The Stern Gang and the Irgun
United Nations decision (in detail)
Reaction of the Jews and Arabs to the decision
Jewish preparation for 1948/Arab preparation
Start documentary at 16 minutes
Haj Amin al-Husseini
Controlled the biggest Palestinian militia, but had supported Hitler in the war, lived in Egypt and was seen as a rival and not an ally by other Arab countries.
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni
Cousin of Amin al-Husseini. Led Palestinian militia called the Army of the Holy War.
Ben Gurion
Leader of the Jewish people during the partition. Controlled the Haganah ("the defence"), an armed group that would become the IDF (the Israeli Defence Force).
Both sides wanted control of Jerusalem. Al-Husanyi cut Jerusalem off. The Haganah fought back. In the end it was the Haganah who won.
Take notes of the main ideas:
Britain legacy to Palestine
Ben Gurion's announcement and reaction
Arab motives
Result of the 1948 war
from 35 minutes
Full transcript