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Informatik - Geschichte des Computers

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by

Matt Hias

on 3 April 2011

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Transcript of Informatik - Geschichte des Computers

Vorgeschichte Zählen und
Rechnen Mechanische Hilfsmittel Abakus Tafeln und
Tabellen Rechenlineale Griffeladdierer Mechanische
Rechner Vier-Spezies-
Maschinen Difference
Engine Curta Anfänge Indische &
Arabische Griechische Römische Elektrische
Rechner Elektronische
Rechner Relaisrechner Röhrenrechner von Neumann Tischrechner Taschenrechner Die Geschichte des Computers "Alles, das erfunden werden kann, ist erfunden worden".
(Charles H. Duell, Beauftragter, USA Office von Patenten, 1899) Zukunft Moderne PC Internet Y2K log(A)+log(B) = log(A*B) Konrad Zuse
Z1 Lochkarten Z2 Z3 Z4 Mark I Dezimal Binär Eniac 1500 Relais

18,000 Röhren

20 t

140 kW Speicher Programme Daten Transistor 1947 Transfer Resistor 1940er:
EDVAC Integrierter
Schaltkreis Moorsches
Gesetz Verdoppelung
alle 18 bzw. 24
Monate “Ich denke, es gibt weltweit einen Markt für vielleicht fünf Computer.” (Thomas Watson, Vorsitzender von IBM, 1943) IBM 1981:
5150 PC PC-DOS Apple 1976:
Apple I 1984:
Macintosh PC-
Kompatible Compaq Commodore Atari ARPANET 1969 Kalifornien Santa Barbara Stanford Utah + Usenet

+ Bitnet

+ Eunet 1984:
Domain Name Server 1991:
World Wide Web HTML

URL

http 2000:
Dotcoms = Year 2 Kilo = Jahr 2000 97
98
99
00? Apokalyptische Szenarien wirtschaftliche Schäden
"Where a calculator on the ENIAC is equipped with 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future by the year 2000, may have only 1,000 vacuum tubes and weigh only 1.5 tons"
(Popular Mechanics, März 1949) Quantencomputer?

Biocomputer?



Ewige Projekte Spracheingabe KI Übersetzer Das denkende Haus Charles Babbage Ada Lovelace Curt Herzstark Wilhelm Schickhard Blaise Pascal Wilhelm Leibniz P.M. Hahn 1946 Copyright © Matthias Donabaum 2011
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