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Afghanistan and Canadian Development

The Aid that helped a country
by

Joo Young Jeong

on 15 July 2011

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Transcript of Afghanistan and Canadian Development

Canadians in Afganistan Poverty in Afghanistan Population
Density Nutritional
Density - CIDA’s goals was to
1. send nutritional foods
2.ship Vitamin Supplements and crops to feed the citizens
- The CIDA had sent wheat and many flour packs to teach Afghans how to make bread and pastry foods Red Cross and the First Aid 2nd step (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr  Raising over 3 million a year, they aim to build a world where the rights of every child are realized. I think this is about feelings! I think this is about data! Demography Population Density 1. Expanding Population- Countries with high birth rates and have many children(representative of developing countries).

2. Stable Population- Have birth rates and death rates in balance(representative of developed countries).

3. Contracting Population- Have a growth rate below replacement level(representative of developed countries). Three different
types of Population
Pyramid 1. Expanding Population- Countries with high birth rates and have many children(representative of developing countries).

2. Stable Population- Have birth rates and death rates in balance(representative of developed countries).

3. Contracting Population- Have a growth rate below replacement level(representative of developed countries). Three different types of Population Pyramid * The maternal mortality rate is 1,600 per 100,000 live births.

* Approximately half of children 6-59 months old have stunted growth.

* 72% of children and 75% of women of child-bearing age are iodine deficient.

* 72% of children aged 6-59 months are iron deficient. The State of Health and Development 1. Expanding Population- Countries with high birth rates and have many children(representative of developing countries).

2. Stable Population- Have birth rates and death rates in balance(representative of developed countries).

3. Contracting Population- Have a growth rate below replacement level(representative of developed countries). Three different types of Population Pyramid A bar graph that depicts the population of an area by age groups and sex. What is Population Pyramid? Im an Country: Afghanistan

Population: 31,056,997

Land area (sq mi): 250,000

Density per (sq mi): 124 people / sq mi

Percentage of each ethnic group: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4% Nutrient density of Afghanistan Canadian Aid to save Afghanistan ISAF's actions to help citizens International Assistance Security Force (ISAF) by the authority of UN to establish Afghanistan’s reconstruction and governance and to find a new leader to be responsible for Afghanistan’s prosperity. - NGOs find out the civil war that affected Afghanistan for two years and led it to poverty.

- Many sources of violence and destruction is due to the lack of security and trying to protect their families.. Another fact is that Canada had sent a military organization known as the International Assistance Security Force (ISAF) by the authority of UN to establish Afghanistan’s reconstruction and governance .
Since 2003, Canada’s mission is also one of NATO’s tasks as well.
-The soldiers are sent to enhance Afghan military and police units to strengthen the country.  - On December 20th, 2006, the Canadian Government gave 4.5 mil to UNICEF and 4 mil to the world food programme to assist families.
 - Over 20,000 people were helped
 Tents, blankets, and warm jackets were given to help Afghan families to survive winter.
 - Unicef will also provide health and medical supplies to hospitals and micronutrients to children and women. United Nations International Children Emergancy Fund To ensure the needs in Afghanistan, the Red Cross sends volunteers to aid the Afghani in emergency response. Witnessing the illness and the lack of proper medication, the Cross’ assistance has been trying to cure the ill

This also helps Afghanistan practice aid on their own. * 80% of children 6-59 months old receive vitamin A supplements.

* 61% of households have access to iodized salt.

* 80% of women have access to fortified flour.

* Coverage of the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) increased dramatically from 9% in 2003 to 85% in 2010.

* Coverage of iron and folic acid supplements for pregnant women is sporadic.

* The mortality rate of children under the age of five is 161 per 1,000 live births. Population Pyramid What is Population Pyramid? A bar graph that depicts the population of an area by age groups and sex. Three different types of Population Pyramid 1. Expanding Population - Countries with high birth rates and have many children (representing developing countries).

2. Stable Population - Have birth rates and death rates in balance (representing developed countries).

3. Contracting Population - Have a growth rate below replacement level (representing developed countries). Population pyramids in Afghanistan Human Development Index * HDI is a measuring system which averages life expectancy, educational attainment and income.
* Helps recognize the social and economic development of a country
* Sets a minimum and a maximum number, as a value between 0 to 1. HDI Ranking and Components * Rank: 155
* HDI value: 0.349
* Life expectancy at birth: 44.6 years
* Years of schooling: 3.3 years
* Expected years of schools: 8.0 years
* Gross National Income per capita: 1419
* GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank: -12
* Non-income HDI value: 0.358 * Soviet Invasion in 1979 caused economic downfall
*Many poor households are large; they tend to live in the same area for a long time.
* Agriculture used to be a big business, but the last 30 years was not prosperous due to low investments and natural disasters.
* Resources are not secure
* Little arable land and little precipitation
* No Infrastructure Reason why Afghanistan is poor Poor Areas in Afghanistan * More poverty in rural areas.
* 45 percent of rural places are poor
* 27 percent of urban population are poor
* Northeast areas are severe * Farmers and Herders
* Widows suffer exclusion from the patriarchal society, and with so many children averaging from 4 to 5, child care is also a reason for poverty.
* Kuchis (nomadic herders who rely on livestock and migration patterns) recently lost their livestock and migration routes due to conflict and insecurity. Now among the poorest households in rural areas.
* 50% of children suffer from chronic malnutrition
* 70% of Afghans have problem with attaining food. People who are poor What Country is Afghanistan? Official Canadian Interactions  January 8th, 2007, the Canadian government gave 1.75 million to Unicef Canada
 2 projects supporting maternal health and women’s literacy in Kandahar.
 Improving lives of women and ensure critical infrastructures are built.  April 12th, 2007, 9 million was given to help strengthen the rights of women and children in Afghanistan.
 This also means supporting the Afghanistan government in the country’s reconstruction and development.
 5 million will be for better programs for enhancing role and voice of women and children http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/ACDI-CIDA.nsf/eng/ANI-41116275-RYY CARE Canada
- CARE Canada has a multi-sectoral program in 12 Provinces in Afghanistan.
- CARE has had a presence in Afghanistan for over 40 years.
- CARE strived to work for health, education, logistic support, and security. Development and Peace (D&P)
D&P has contributed $2.5 million in aid to Afghanistan over the past 5 years mostly in humanitarian assistance.

- In addition, D&P works with the displaced Kuchi people in the south and disabled people in Kabul.
- Women’s active participation in the reconstruction process through socio-economic empowerment is another working area. http://www.unicef.ca/portal/Secure/Community/502/WCM/PRESS/assets/pdf/NFisherEng.pdf The Guidelines for the Interaction and Coordination of Humanitarian Actors and Military Actors. The Guidelines call on international military forces to:

Observe international law and human rights.

Respect the neutrality and independence of humanitarian actors.

Provide assistance in extremis and when requested by the Government.

Take special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based violence and promote United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security.

Recognize that counter-insurgency operations dubbed COIN operations should not be called humanitarian. NATO Nato = North atlantic Treaty Organization NATO Canada operations in Afghanistan is under U.N authority Part of 5 year mission to acheive democracy & stability (2006-2011) 6 Main Priorities in Afghanistan Secure safe environment & enforce law Provide jobs, education and basic needs -Amnesties had written letters to the afghan government and notify that the women are treated wrongly To assist citizens and refugees To secure and manage Afghanistan-Pakistan border Objectives Focused on Kandahar General Priorities Build Afghanistan instututions & support democracy Encourage Political Reconciliation Canadian Objectives for 2011 National & Provincial Afghanistan encouraged Political Reconciliation Improved communication between government and citizens Afghanistan will have acess to health services & Humanitarian Aid Improved management & security for Afghanistan-Pakistan Border Canada's lead agency for development assistance http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/NIC-5313423-N2A  Nigel Fisher is the President & CEO of UNICEF Canada.  On March 25th, 2007 the Canadian government initiated a plan to vaccinate more than 7 million children under the age of five from the polio virus through Unicef Canada.
 There have been 31 cases of polio in Afghanistan, most in the south.
 The polio virus is very contagious and deadly. CIDA Foreign Aid Through International Organizations CIDA = Canadian International Development Agency  CIDA and UNICEF initiated a plan on March 25th, 2007 .
vaccinate more than 7 million children under the age of five from the contagious polio virus through Unicef Canada.
Afghanistan has the most cases of polio - 31 cases http://www.unicef.ca/portal/Secure/Community/502/WCM/WHATWEDO/emergencies/assets/NID%20Release.pdf • Manage Canada's support and resources
effectively and accountably to achieve
meaningful, sustainable results CIDA's Aim is To: • Engage in policy development in Canada
and internationally, enabling Canada's
effort to realize its development objectives. Three priority themes that guide CIDA's work: • Securing the future of children and youth • Stimulating sustainable economic growth Many NGOs watch over countries and study how human liberation is spread throughout the countries. Many peace building countries negotiate and talk out with the Afghan government. women’s liberation must be restored. - They also reminded the government that the police are violating rights and freedoms as they harm women Mennonite Economic Development Associate (MEDA)

MEDA’s Afghanistan project, Through the Garden Gate, focuses on women’s economic development.
- It seeks to develop linkages between
women farmers and market players.
- The four-year project will raise the production of
women farmers’ kitchen gardens and facilitate the marketing of surplus produce.
- Garden Gate is expected to reach a minimum of 2,200
women farmers. Opium trade in Afghanistan * Produces most of opium in the world.
* Poor farmers' primary source of income.
* Talabans buy Opium from the farmers and sell it on a world wide scale.
* The Afghanistan government and the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) spends great sum of money to eradicate Opium.
* The farmers lose their income. UN United Nations An international organization founded Post-World War 2 Serves to prevent dispute UNICEF Financial Funding international security assistance force Peace & Security - Peacekeeping International Peace Social Progress Promoting Human Rights http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/index.shtml http://www.unac.org/peacekeeping/en/un-peacekeeping/fact-sheets/what-is-un-peacekeeping/ Peacekeeping Operations Peacekeepers are able to allow room for discussion between the parties at war and focus the parties towards their surroundings Global Environment Local Concerns --A Canadian Thing! http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/prmny-mponu/canada_un-canada_onu/overview-survol/un-onu.aspx?lang=eng&menu_id=25 How? (Canadian Armed Forces) Canada supplies trained military/civilian/police personnel for mandated UN operations which allows the UN missions to efficiently and effectively run. 1947-48: Canada has sent groups to observe withdrawal of foreign countries and elections (democracy). 1948: Canada has sent Canadian military observers to act upon peacekeeping. "Afghanistan Population Pyramid." NationMaster - World Statistics, Country Comparisons. Web. 13 July 2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com>. Cranny, Micael, Counterpoints, Toronto; Cobham, 2001. Cranny, Micael, Counterpoints, Toronto; Cobham, 2001. What is HDI? "Indices & Data | Human Development Index | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)." Human Development Reports (HDR) - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 13 July 2011 <http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/hdi/ "Human Development Reports - Redirect link." Human Development Reports (HDR) - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 13 July 2011 <http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/>. "Indices & Data | Human Development Index | Human Development Reports (HDR) | United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)." Human Development Reports (HDR) - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 13 July 2011 Increased food security Significant Development KABUL (AFP) Afghanistan should not alone be blamed for its large drugs output, with chemicals used to turn opium into heroin coming from other countries including China and Russia, the United Nations said Monday.

The UNODC estimates that about 13,000 tons of chemicals are required for the amount of heroin produced in Afghanistan, with opium output at about 8,200 tons.

The chemicals are produced legally for industrial purposes in other nations. The chemicals often arrive via Pakistan, Iran and some other neighbouring countries.

Afghanistan's opium production has grown steadily since the extremist Taliban were removed from government in late 2001 in a US-led invasion and despite the costly efforts of the country's international allies, notably Britain and the United States.

Most of the heroin in Europe comes from Afghanistan.

Work to slash drug production has taken on new urgency amid claims that Taliban-linked insurgents are taking a cut from the illicit trade, with some government officials also benefiting.

Oguz alleged that powerful drug lords were managing to escape justice merely by making a telephone call to senior authorities in the Afghan government. Amnesty Intertnational
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