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Transcript of The Crucible-Puritans
-common unity strengthened the community.
-predestination kept all Puritans constantly working to do well in this life to be chosen for the next eternal one. http://www.learner.org/interactives/historymap/fifty5.html
http://www.history.com/topics/puritanism Scotland Huguenots France Calvinists England Puritan- -taunt or insult applied by traditional Anglicans to those who criticized or wished to "purify" the Church of England during the sixteenth century -accepted the interpretations of John Calvin on the nature of man, free will and predestination, and other basic concepts -initiated in the 1530s when King Henry VIII rejected papal authority and changed the Church of Rome into a state Church of England Separating Puritans- -believed that the Church of England was corrupt and therefore, true Christians must separate themselves from it.
-An example of separating Puritans is the Plymouth colonists. Non-Separating Puritans- -refers to the other group, who believed in reform, but not to the extent of separation.
-For instance, are the colonists who settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Puritans immigrated to New England in between the years, 1620 and 1640 because of a siege or pressure that was initiated by the crown and church. The Mayflower 1620 1628 1629 1633 1635 1636 1638 -Cape Cod
-Plymouth -Massachusetts -New Hampshire -Connecticut -Maine -Rhode Island -New Haven Colonies -Predestination-God has foreordained all things; especially that God has elected certain souls to eternal salvation
-Bible-the ideal guide to live by and that it was God’s true law Covenants- -conditional promises made to humanity by God, as revealed in the Bible -Since the covenant of works, which could be controlled by humans, and the covenant of grace which was in God’s power, the Puritans focused on these two covenants -these promises created by God made it evident to the Puritans what their roles were and to face their inferiority towards God Covenant of Grace- -the promise made by God that stated that his Spirit would be sent to the elect so that they believe in Jesus Christ as the Son of God. -the basis for this covenant is the constantly repeated lines of, "I will be your God, and ye shall be my people." -it restores the relation with God, as without this covenant, humans would reject or rebel against God. Covenant of Works- -God's promise to Adam that in return for his obedience, God will provide him with a reward. -Adam did not obey God or keep his part of the covenant, therefore, "after the fall, the free gifts on which salvation depends were withdrawn, and natural gifts corrupted and defiled" (Calvin) -work ethic work was an honor to God which would lead to a prosperous reward. The Devil was Behind Every Evil Deed... -Constant watch needed to be kept in order to stay away from evil.
-sermons of Jonathan Edwards, a Puritan minister, show that delivery of these sermons became an art form. -People of opposing theological views were asked to leave the community or to be converted. -elegant, well formed.
-dose of fear woven throughout the fabric of the literary construction. Education... -was supported to stop Satan and his temptations as well as to allow people to become literate enough to read the Bible.
-to warn their members and especially their children of the dangers of the world. ex. Satan
-was important to further "purify" the church and perfect social living.
-the law in Massachusetts stated that a school must be supported through taxes for each community that contained 50 or more families. Arts -drama, religious music and erotic poetry were banned -Music in worship created a "dreamy" state which was not effective in listening to God.
-The first and last of these led to immorality -The Bible stimulated their corporate intellect by promoting discussions of literature. -Greek classics of Cicero, Virgil, Terence and Ovid were taught, as well as poetry and Latin verse.
-encouraged to create their own poetry, always religious in content. -simplicity was the norm and anything excessive (clothes, decorations, even behavior, etc.) was frowned upon. Punishment If you did not follow God's law, you would be severely punished. Some ways include:
-hanging -boring holes in tongues
-public whippings -stockades
-cutting off ears -etc. Church -attended church at least twice a week
-government meetings occasionally came after church meetings
-all members of the church were required to pay tithes to the church.
-if church was missed regularly, a fine would be issued. Quiz... 1) List 3 methods of punishment Answer: 2) What is the difference between Separating and Non-Separating Puritans? 3) Define the term covenant and tell me two of the main ones that the Puritans focused on. 4) What does the term predestination refer to? 5) Why was music banned in Puritan communities? Answer: Answer: Answer: Answer: If you did not follow God's law, you would be severely punished. Some ways include:
-hanging -boring holes in tongues
-public whippings -stockades
-cutting off ears Separating Puritans-believed that the Church of England was corrupt and therefore, true Christians must separate themselves from it
Non-Separating Puritans-refers to the other group, who believed in reform, but not to the extent of separation. Covenant: conditional promises made to humanity by God, as revealed in the Bible
1)Covenant of Grace
2)Covenant of Works The doctrine that God has foreordained all things; especially that God has elected certain souls to eternal salvation. Music led to a "dreamy" state that was not productive in listening to God and worshiping.