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BARK DRUGS

Pharmacognosy - 7th Sem. B. Pharm.
by

Dr. Devang Pandya

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of BARK DRUGS

BARK DRUGS
ASHOK
KANCHNAR
Ashok:
‘A’ (Without) + ‘Shok’ (sorrow, pain).
This tree is said to have properties to cure many ailments, and thereby remove sorrow of people, especially females.

Syn.:
Sorrowless tree.
B. S.:
Dried bark of Saraca asoca / S. indica
Family:
Caesalpiniaceae

Official in API but not in IP-2010.

ADULTERANT
Bark of Asopalav (Polyalthia longifolia)
Syn.:
Kanchan, Gandari (Sans.), Mountain Ebony, Buddhist Bauhinia

B. S.:
Dried stem bark of Bauhinia variegata.
Family:
Caesalpiniaceae

Both species Official in API but not in IP-2010.

ALLIED DRUG
Kovidara: Dried bark of Bauhinia purpurea
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

Bark:
Hydrolysable tannins (gallic acid, ellagic acid)
Flowers:
Flavonoids quercetin, catechin, epicatechin.

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

Bark:
Sterols octacosanol and stigmasterol, Tannins
Flowers:
Flavonoids, kaempferol-3-galactoside and kaempferol-3-rhamnoglucoside.
USES
Uterine tonic (Stimulates endometrium and ovary)*
Promotes fertility in females*
In Gynaecological disorders*

Formulations:
Ashokarishta, Gynedol, Uterex

USES
Goitre (Bark)*
Anthelmintic & Anti-dysentery (Bark & Buds)*
Skin diseases (Bark)*
Piles, haematuria (Buds)
Blood coagulation (Seeds)
Antifungal (Leaf)
Dyspepsia, flatulence, anti-obesity (Roots)

Formulations:
Kaanchnaar Guggul (In goitre)
Full transcript