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Islamic Civilization

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Audra Faust

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of Islamic Civilization

Section 1
Surrendering to the will of Allah
Ms. Faust
Monday, March 10, 2014
Topic 12, Chapter 11
The Rise of Islam
Who's Who of Islam
Muslim Ways of Life
A Day in the Life
Section 3
Journal Entry
Islamic Civilization
Islamic Empires
Reciprocal Teaching
Section 2
Summarizer- describe the text in a comprehensive and concise statement
Questioner- make connections to the text by asking questions
Keeper- choose details and facts that stand out
Word Builder- selects and defines vocabulary that is important to the understanding of the text
Abu Bakr
Suleiman I
Ibn Sina
Omar Khayyam
Ibn Khaldun
Shah Jahan
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Directions: Choose one of the Islamic nations listed above. Pretending you are a teenager in that country today, write a journal entry answering the following questions:

What country do you live in?
What type of government does that country have?
Are you male or female? How does that affect your lifestyle?
How does religion affect your daily life?
What kind of clothes do you wear?
Do you have access to cell phones, computers & cars?
What is the climate like?
How much money does the average family have?
What type of education do you most likely have?
What type of job will you most likely have when you grow up?
Islamic News Broadcast Project
Trade and Everyday Life
Muslims were the leading merchants in Middle East & northern Africa until the 1400s
Caravans traveled from Baghdad to China
Ships traveled to India & Southeast Asia
Brought back rubies, silk, ivory, gold & slaves
The Success of Muslim Traders
As Muslim empires expanded, they spread the Arabic language
Arabic became the language of trade
Muslim rulers also made trade easier by providing merchants with coins
Muslims respected traders for their skills and the wealth they created
What were Muslim cities like?
Trade helped leading cities grow, such as Baghdad, Cairo, and Damascus
Cities became important centers of government, learning, and the arts
Major buildings in cities were palaces and mosques
Important area in cities was the bazaar, or marketplace
What were Muslim cities like?
Most Muslims lived in villages and farmed land
Water was scare- farmers used irrigation to bring water to their crops
Produced wheat, rice, beans, melons, figs & olives
Wealthy landowners took over some of these farms and farmed large estates
Muslim Society
Social groups were based on power and wealth
Top: government leaders, landowners and traders
Middle: artisans, farmers and workers
Bottom: enslaved people
Muslims could not be enslaved
Enslaved people came from non-Muslim areas
Muslim Society
Men and women played different roles
Men ran government, society & business
Women ran the family, and could inherit wealth and own property
Many places held laws that required women to cover their faces and wear long robes in public
Muslim Achievements
Mamun founded the House of Wisdom in Baghdad
Scholars saved much of the learning in the ancient world, lead to western Europeans learning about Aristotle and other ancient Greek thinkers
Mathematics and Science
Made advances in mathematics
Invented algebra
Scientists perfected the Greek astrolabe
Used this to measure the earth and found that it was round
Arabs considered the founders of Chemistry
Muslim Writing
Quran is the most famous
"The Arabian Nights" ("The Thousand and One Nights")- collection of stories from India, Persia & Arabia, one of which tells about Aladdin and his magic lamp
Omar Khayyam wrote "Rubaiyat" and many consider it to be one of the best poems ever written
Art and Buildings
Developed their own form of art based on Islam
Not allowed to show images of Muhammad or the events of his life in art
Known for their beautiful buildings
Arabic Alphabet
The Arabic alphabet, or Arabic abjad is the script as it is codified for writing the Arabic language
It is written from right to left
Cursive style
Includes 28 letters
Letters usually stand for consonants
-Muslim prophet
-Muhammad's father
-Rightly Guided Caliph
-Spread Islam to all of Arabia
-Friend of Muhammad
-Rightly Guided Caliph
-Spread Islam to Syria, Egypt and Persia
-Muhammad's son-in-law
-Rightly Guided Caliph
-Spread Islam to Afghanistan & eastern Mediterranean
-Muhammad's cousin
-Rightly Guided Caliph
-Reformed tax collection
- Great Mogul Ruler
-Brought peace and order to India
- Most famous Ottoman sultan
-Built schools and mosques
-Abbasid Caliph, founded the House of Wisdom
-Muslim chemist
-Developed system for categorizing substances, like animals, minerals, and vegetables
-Persian doctor
-Showed how disease spread from person to person
-Persian poet
-wrote the "Rubaiyat"
-Muslim historian
-Studied the effect of geography and climate on people
-Mogul ruler of India
-Had the Taj Mahal built
-God of Islam
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