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An Introduction to the Humanities

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Pj Minoza

on 15 June 2015

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Transcript of An Introduction to the Humanities

An Introduction to the Humanities
What is Humanities all about?
Art reflects 'Culture'
Disciplines
The 'Humanities' includes the study of languages, literature, philosophy (aesthetics), historical religion, & musicology.
The humanities include other areas of studies such as anthropology, archaeology, history, linguistics & semiotics, and the classics (philology).
The humanities represents the gamut of human experience & imagination.
Humanism
historically traced back to the renaissance and the emergence then of a class of humanist intellectuals including Leon Baptista Alberti, Marsilio Ficino, and Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam – the term refers to a worldview centred on human^ values (rationality and freedom) and an acceptance of human limitations. The first humanists were committed teachers and scholars – drawing on recently discovered Greek and Roman philosophy, antique art, and culture – and generally optimistic about the capacity of all people to improve themselves through learning.
Rebirth
The fifteenth-century Florentine '
umanisti
' from whom the word ultimately derives were above all language teachers, rhetoricians, translators, and the tools they forged for their trade were the lexicon and the glossary.
Studying the Humanities ...
It helps us recognize fundamental values & principles such as beauty, truth, love, & faith.
It develops our capacity for critical thinking and appreciation for cultural heritage.
The arts are essential for social change & serves as a reflection of society.
Art
Human made
Art must be creative, not immitative
Art satisfies human emotions
Art is expressed through a certain medium & communicated to an audience.
The Subject of Art
REPRESENTATIONAL ART
Greek Art
Emphasis on balance
Rationality
Dualism (Reality & Appearance
Middle Eastern Art
Emphasis on letters
Precision
Far Eastern Art
Emphasis on Unity with nature
Calligraphy
Body Art
The 'Humanities' refers to a group of academic disciplines which studies human culture, creativity, and expression i.e. the Arts. Its methodology is speculative, critical, and incorporates intellectual history.
Humanism is saluted as the philosophical champion of human freedom and dignity, standing alone and often outnumbered against the battalions of ignorance, tyranny and superstition.
, the word "Humanities" itself is of German coinage and its credentials are Greek.
Humanismus
was a term devised, probably by the educationalist Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer, in the early nineteenth century to describe a highschool and university curriculum based on what have been known since the Middle Ages as the ‘humanities’: the study of ancient Greek and Latin, and of the literature, history and culture of the peoples who spoke them. The word was soon taken up by cultural historians like Georg Voigt and Jacob Burckhardt to describe the humanistic ‘new learning’.
NON-REPRESENTATIONAL ART
Culture influences Art
Indo-European Culture
Polytheistic
Cyclical conception of time (history)
Importance of Sight/images
Immortality of the soul
Semites
(Semitic Culture)
Monotheism
Body-Soul holism
Linear conception of time
Emphasis on 'Hearing'
Prof. Philip James S. Minoza
M.A. Philosophy
College of Arts & Sciences/
College of International Relations
pjminoza@gmail.com
Full transcript