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Vietnamese culture

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by

vu khanh

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of Vietnamese culture

First sight about
Vietnam
Official name:
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
(Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam).

Independence day:
September 2nd 1945

Population:
87,840,000
people

Area:
331,210
sq km (Capital:
Hanoi
)

Official language:
Vietnamese

Currency:
Vietnam Dong

Calling code:
+84
A
multicultural
country
The
culture of Vietnam
, an agricultural civilization based on the
cultivation of wet rice
, is one of the oldest in East Asia.

Due to the long-term Chinese influence on its civilization, Vietnam is considered to be part of the
East Asian Cultural Sphere
.

During French colonial period, Vietnamese culture received
merchant influences from the Europeans
, including the spread of Catholicism and the adoption of Latin alphabet.

To this day, Vietnam is
the only nation of Indochina
which uses the
Latin alphabet
to write the national language.
Transport in

Vietnam
There are many ways of transportation in Vietnam. The 3 commonly used are:

Motorcycle
Bus
Taxi
Education in
Vietnam
Education in Vietnam is divided into
five levels
: preschool, primary school, secondary school, high school and higher education. Formal education consists of
twelve years
of basic education.

The main
educational goal
in Vietnam is improving people’s general knowledge, training quality human resources and nurturing and fostering talent.

With one of the highest
GDP growth rates
in Asia, Vietnam is currently trying to prepare students for the increasing role of English as the language of business to maintain the rapid economic growth of the last two decades.
Vietnamese cultural
characteristics
Traditional Clothes
Vietnamese cuisine
Music and arts
Traditional
clothes

In feudal Vietnam, clothing was one of the most important marks of
social status
and strict dress codes were enforced.

The most popular and widely-recognized Vietnamese national costume is the
Áo Dài
. Áo Dài was once worn by both genders but today it is worn mainly by females, except for certain important traditional culture-related occasions where some men do wear it. Áo Dài consists of a long gown with a slit on both sides, worn over cotton or silk trousers.
Vietnamese
cuisine

Traditional Vietnamese cooking is greatly admired for its
fresh ingredients, minimal use of oil, and reliance on herbs and vegetables
. Vietnamese food is often ranked as one of the healthiest cuisines in the world. One of the most popular Vietnamese dishes is
Pho.

As distinct as Vietnamese cuisine is, it has been influenced by several sources: China, France, Indonesia and Thailand.
Music
and
Arts

Martial arts
Religion
Vietnamese music
varies
slightly in the three regions:
North, Central, South
of Vietnam. Northern classical music is Vietnam's oldest and is traditionally more formal, meanwhile the south is considered more modern and open.

In the 20th century, in contact with the Western culture, especially after the national independence, many new categories of arts like
plays, photography, cinemas, and modern art
had taken shape and developed strongly, obtaining huge achievements with the contents reflecting the social and revolutionary realities.
Religion
The earliest established religions in Vietnam are
Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
(called the triple religion or tam giáo).

Significant minorities of adherents to Roman Catholicism, Cao Dai, and Hoa Hao and smaller minorities of adherents to Hinduism, Islam, Protestantism and Theravada Buddhism exist.
Martial
Arts
Vietnamese martial arts is highly developed from the country's very long history of warfare and attempts to defend itself from foreign occupation.

Vietnamese martial arts is deeply spiritual due to the influence of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, and is strongly reliant on the "Viet Vo Dao" (philosophy of Vietnamese martial arts). It is probably most famous for its scissor kicks.
Which one is the
Vietnamese costume?
2. Ao Dai
Which one is the
Vietnamese instrument?
2. Dan Tranh
Full transcript