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Transcript of HOLOCAUST PRESENTATION
The White Rose: Long Live Freedom
Letters from Dachau
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising By Neel Bansal
A Survivor Remembers by Berek Lataurs
A Survivor Remembers
is written by Berek Latarus. This story was about his lifetime during the Holocaust. He was sent to Auschwitz when the germans liquidated the Lodz ghetto. At Auschwitz, all the Jews were either selected to work or to death. From Auschwitz they were sent to Regensburg transported by boxcars. when they arrived they worked on the railroad. One day, a bomb fell on the guards and they were free. They ran away but soon other germans took them back to the camp. On May 1945, as they were waling through a town, Laufen, farmers told them the war was over. He later opened a Jewish Center on an army camp. he got married and immigrated to U.S.
Rescue in Denmark is about a doctor named Karl Henry Koster, who took in jewish refuges that were running from the SS men. At first it was just 40 jewish people that he was taking in as a favor but that turned into 140 because the word spread. He allowed the people to stay in the hospital and the nurses gave up there break rooms for the people and while they were resting, Dr. Koster arranged for there transportation out of the country. In the end they saved more than 2000 jews.
By: 1st Lt. William J.Cowling
Rescue in Denmark
"The nurses put 130 apartments at the disposal of the refugees, and the only time Head Nurse Signe Jansen had complaints from her staff was when there were not enough refugees in the apartments." (Flender 78)
" ... locked in boxcars for days. There were people in the boxcars so hungry they couldn't control themselves. They would bite the flesh out from dead people, eat the flesh of other people who were already dead." (Latarus 68)
As long as there are people willing to stand up to evil, evil will never triumph.
What do u think would happen if the nurses did not give up their rooms?
What is your opinion about Dr. Koster?
The short story by Reuben Ainsztein named Warsaw Ghetto Uprising is about how the Jewish in the their which were in the ghettos of Germany, fought the evil Nazis who came to their homes to take them to the camps. The Jewish people formed a street group named the pika who bravely fought the Nazis and took control of their streets, even if it was a temporary victory. The story is told by a 19 year old boy by the of Jacob Smakowski who had lost mom and sister due to the Nazis. This story gives details about how would fool how they would stall the Nazis from advancing.
level 3- Why do you think the people stayed there and did try find another out?
level 3- How will you use the word ghetto after reading the uprising?
A quote from the story that shows what the uprising was really like and how the Jews fought back is on page 88.
" As soon as the Germans approached, we lit the fuse. the mines exploded and the group of Germans who
A person or a group can fight evil if they have the and the faith to do so.
In letter "
Letter from Dachau
" 1st Lt. William J. Cowling and other american troops head to the concentration camp of Dachau. A few hundred yards they find box cars full of dead bodies. The bodies were skin and bone, and naked. Once they arrived at the main gate they start going through the houses. When Lt. Cowling came back out, the jews were in a frenzy and surrounded by a fence with barbed wire and killed them on sight with a electrical charge. The first thing we came to were piles and piles of clothing, shoes, pants, shirts, coats, etc. Then they went into a room with a table with flowers on it and some soap and towels. Another door with the word showers lead off of this and upon going through this room it appeared to be a shower room but instead of water, gas came out and in two minutes the people were dead. After that they went next door to four large ovens where they cremated the dead. Then they were taken to piles of dead. There were from two to fifty people in a pile all naked, starved and dead. There must have been about 1,000 dead in all. One man, he had been there six years. He was 28 years old and looked to be 60 years old. Him and the other American soldiers had taken the germans as prisoners and had saved the jews and took them away from the camp.
"Incidentally many of the dead showed signs of horrible beatings and torture. It is unbelievable how many humans can treat others as they were treated"(Cowling 96)
"It will get a lot of publicity and you may see General Linden's name connected with Dachau but you can know in your own mind's that it was your son who was the first American soldier to enter the famous Camp of Dachau. I know that sounds like bragging but I only say it because it is true and I know that the story won't come out that was but several thousand prisoners will remember me. Incidentally there was 32,000 prisoners in the Camp. They were Polish, Jewish, French, German and even American. Well I must stop now. The next time I write I hope I can say that I got my first German and I don't mean prisoner."(Cowling 97)
Always try to treat people with same amount of respect you want to be treated with.
Don't judge people by their religion or belief.
In February 1943, three young men - Hans Scholl, Alexander Schmorell and Willi Graf,.
were on their way into Munich's city center. All three belonged to the "White Rose" group which had dedicated itself to resisting Adolf Hitler's regime. The three men were carrying thousands of leaflets that listed the crimes of the Nazi regime. The students threw the pamphlets into mailboxes, hoping to appeal to people's humanity. But Scholl and Schmorell had devised an even bolder plan: in the darkness of night, they painted the words "Down with Hitler" on the facade of the Bavarian State Chancellery. They were yet more courageous elsewhere, writing "Mass Murderer Hitler" on another wall. Scholl's younger sister, Sophie, was at home at Franz-Joseph-Strasse 13 - awaiting their safe return.
What choice would you have made if you where part of the Long Live Freedom, protesting against the Nazi government?
If you had received the leaflet from your mailbox what would your action take place on the decision on joying the the white rose society? If not why?
"somebody,after all, had to make a start.What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don't dare to express themselves as we did...You know the war is lost.Why don't you have the courage to face it?" Pg.#84
"His eyes were clear and steady and he showed no sign of dejection or despair. he thanked his parents again for the love and warmth they had given him.....Here, for a moment, tears threatened, and he turned away to spare his parents the pain of seeing them Pg.#84
-The White Rose:Long Live Freedom
The Thematic Statement:
Together we can stand up for what is right and fight for our freedom.
I think the authors message of the text was there are good and evil people in this world. So don't judge the whole race based on what one person does.
What inference can you make about Lt. Cowling?
What is your opion about the American troops in the letter?
Question #1: What choice would you have made if you were at a concentration camp and of the guards die due to a accident?
Question #2: How do you think the prisoners felt when all the guards died?
-Students Hans and Sophie Scholl were arrested and executed 70 years ago. The students and their friends had distributed leaflets calling on people to resist the Nazi regime. Today, they remain symbols of moral courage.
Written by: Jacob G. Hornberger