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Movie Production and Entertainment
Transcript of Movie Production and Entertainment
Innovations The first films were without synchronized sound. Until 1927 when the first talkie, 'The Jazz Singer', was produced, all films didn't contain sound. Movie theaters and other movie premiering locations often provided pianists, wurlitzers, and other sound machines. Most silent films were accompanied with a full orchestra, organist, or pianist for musical background and underscore for narration on the movie on the screen. Early silent films were either dramas, epics, comedies, or romances. The invention of the cinematographe, created by Frenchman Louis Lumiere, served as a camera, film processing unit, and projector. This began the beginning of the motion picture era. During the first twenty years of the Silent Era, the films produced were very short in length-running only about a few minutes each. By the 1910's, the silent films reached a greater length and complexity. This Silent Era ended in 1929, when a system of recording sound , synchronized with the recording of images. Very few silent films were created in the 1930's. One Silent Era actor, Charlie Chaplin, starred in many famous silent films. However when the films switched to sound, Chaplin refused to switch with it, and change to sound. Many of the Silent Era films during the 1930's starred Chaplin because he was one of the few actors to remain in the Silent Era. When the technology for producing films was created in 1895, no one knew the extent to which it could be used. The first full-length epic, 'Birth of a Nation', was used by director D.W. Griffith. His intention of this film was to reach out to the people of America by appealing to the public, or propaganda. Specifically, Griffith reached out to the KKK, and portrayed them in a positive way. In 1922, the first documentary, or non-fiction film, was produced by Robert Flaherty. This documentary was titled Nanook of the North, and told of Robert's amazing story of his experience of living with the Eskimos. The 1930's was the period of time in which the talkies, or sound films, were created. New color and sound technologies allowed the advancements of films into what we currently know today. With the introduction of Talkies, movie genres also began to be established. Some of the most popular include: musicals, horrors, comedies, social-realism, westerns, and gangsters. Although the Talkie was introduced, many stars of the Silent Era did not make the transition to sound. Both Talkies and Silent films existed during the 1930's. During the Great Depression, movie theater attendance decreased severely. The 1930's and 1940's were known as the Golden Age of Hollywood. During this period of time, many hundreds of movies were made, most of them existing in black-and-white. Classic The first Western movie, including actor John Wayne was produced in 1930, titled 'The Big Trail'. Due to some content in movies, the Motion Picture Production Code created film guidelines regarding sex, violence, religion, and crime in 1930. This was not enforced until the Production Code Administration in 1934. Walt Disney created a short called 'The Wise Little Hen' in 1934, that featured the appearance of Donald Duck. MGM created 'The Great Ziegeld' in 1936, which was the longest Hollywood talkie yet, lasting 2 hours and 59 minutes. Most talkies were successful, but they were poor quality in the aspect of bad acting, dialogue-dominated play adaptions, and the inability to move cameras and microphones. The first musicals were literal transcriptions
of Broadway productions. After 1932, the invention of sound-mixing released the limitations on sets and location, allowing more advancements in movie-making procedures. During the 1920's, Thomas Edison created the first color film, 'Annabell's Butterfly Dance', using a process called two-color. This system used greens and reds to produce full-color pictures. In 1932, a new invention of color technology increased the movies made in color. The three-color camera ushered in the period of true full-color Technicolor. In 1932, the first short film in three-color Technicolor was 'Flowers and Trees', created by Walt Disney. Walt Disney also created the colorful animation, 'The Three Little Pigs' in 1933. The theme song, "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf" was a popular Depression Era anthem. Each pig in the film displayed a distinctive personality, and because of this it was given the nickname, personality animation. 1934: The first full-length full-color short, 'La Cucaracha' was produced. In 1935, 'Becky Sharp' was produced. This was Hollywood's first full-length feature film produced entirely in Technicolor, or full-color. In 1936, the first musical in Technicolor was created, titled Dancing Pirate. By the late 1930's, special-effects processes began to advance. This allowed many movies to be filmed on set,rather than location. In 1937, the first full-length animated film was created by Walt Disney Studios, 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs'. This pioneered the future for animation. In 1976, the VHS, or Video Home System was created by the Victor Company of Japan. This device stores information in a linear system. Later this year, big companies, such as JVC and Panasomic, introduced the format of the VHS. Many companies attempted to produce different tape formats. However, none were as popular or as effective. The VHS was able to rewind and fast forward at a very fast rate, it had a very easy unthreading system, and it had a long recording time. The VHS became very popular with the sale of 'The Lion King'. Sales peaked at this time, and more than 30 million copies were sold in the United States alone. The VHS thrived for two decades-until
the introduction of the DVD. In 2000, the DVD had already become a more popular and efficient method of tape format. DVD sales surpassed those of VHS, and VHS sales began to decline. 'The History of Violence' was the last mass-produced VHS tape. In 2005, VHS tapes were no longer used for feature films. These videocassettes were discontinued. Although they were popular for quite some time, the invention of DVDs quickly overpowered VHS. DVD VHS By: Brittney Eyerly
and Kaytlynn Toering The early days of television were cloudy. Many people did not know what to do with this new bit of technology, so they did what was most familiar and what made the most sense. They transferred radio acts to television! Popular radio bits like 'The Milton Berle Show' were the first hit television shows in the 1940's. Situation comedies, dramas, and westerns began to develop in the 1950's and 1960's in addition to the variety shows. On popular show in the 1950's was the quiz show, but this was eliminated when contestants began cheating. 1951-1957: 'I Love Lucy' aired on television.
This was the first major sitcom. 1955: 'Gunsmoke', an earlier radio show, aired on the television for the first time. This specific show aired for twenty years, and it was the longest-running drama in history. 1970's: Sitcoms and dramas evolved to become the most popular shows on television. Western shows began to fade away as these two genres emerged. 1989: 'The Simpsons' began the most popular animated show, and because of it, a new age of animation occurred. Currently, it is the longest running sitcom. 1990's: MTV's 'The Real World' became the godfather of today's modern reality show. It developed the reality television category, and today, it is still one of the most popular type of shows due to its easier and cheaper production, and because of its entertainment quality. In the 1990's, two prominent companies were trying to develop two different high density optical storage devices. One was the MultiMedia Compact Disc (MMCD), and the other was the Super Density Disc (SD). A man by the name of Lou Gerstner, president of IBM, tried to unite the two devices, and make it as one.
The MMCD format was abandoned as companies settled on the format of the SD with two major changes: the first being the adoption of a 'push-pull' trcaking, and the second, a change in the number of gbytes with an increased resilience against disc damage.
The final result was created in 1995-the DVD Version 1.0. Although it was created in '95, it was finalized in September of 1996, and became available to the public in March of 1997. By 2003, DVD sales topped those of VHS sales, and as a result, eliminated VHS cassettes from the market. 2000: Sony developed a new type of video game console called the PS2. This specific system could play DVD movies, and because of this ability, many PS2 systems were bought as well as many DVDs. As a result of the advantage of PS2s and DVDs, Sony has decided to advance the new PlayStation to play Blu-ray discs. Also, it has opened the door to so many different game systems, allowing them to watch DVDs as well as playing video games. A Blu-ray disc is an optical storage medium that stores high definition video and data. This specific technology uses a blue laser to read and write data to the disc. Many different HD television sets began to appear everywhere by 1998, but there was no official way to record and play HD content. A University of California professor, Shuji Nakamura, created the blue laser, and hence, the breakthrough for Blu-ray technology. In 2002, The Blu-ray Association was founded. This group were credited with the creation of the Blu-ray disc. Over time, the Association found new ways to eliminate earlier cartridges needed for protection of the disc with the development of hard-coated technologies. By 2006, Blu-ray disc players began being sold. When the discs hit the markets, they binstantly dominated sales. By the end of 2008, more than 1200 Blu-ray titles were released in the United States alone. During Hollywood's Golden Age, producers and directors were looking for new exciting ways to captivate audiences. One fascination was 3D technology. To allow this new viewing of film, the stereoscopic 3D was invented. This allowed the films to be broadcast on two separate screens, and viewers could then view the screens through a stereoscope, merging the two images. These merged images created the illusion of 3D. To view this image, 3D glasses were needed. In one lense, was a red film strip. In the other was a cyan film strip. this combination of colors produced less image ghosting than others. The first 3D film was a short titled 'L'arrivee du Train'. The most successful 3D movie is Avatar, because
of its technology. The movie was filmed with
custom built cameras and 3D software. Due to
this, it was a very expensive production, and it
currently is the highest-grossing film. During the third era of 3D, many movies have been changed
into 3D. This era is still in existence today. and producers
believe with the invention of 3D television, this era will continue
as the technology becomes more advanced. IMAX theaters in the 1980's began to overtake the 3D business. When most companies stopped the production of 3D films, IMAX created new methods to relieve people of the stress on eyes when viewing these movies. They eventually began to develop new methods to further interact with the viewers, using 4D technology, such as smells, and texture. In the 1960's 3D horror films flourished. The effect these movies had on people entranced them-they found both 3D and horror captivating. 3D technology advanced greatly since Hollywood's Golden Age. Blu-ray 3D Technology in the Golden Age Significance: The Silent Era was very popular in the film industry. It started a production revolution. Due to the simplest movie technology created by inventors, a basic idea came into focus and the result was legendary. Works Cited. "A Brief History of VHS Tapes, VHS to DVD San Diego." DVDYourMemories. N.p., 4 Dec. 2009. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.dvdyourmemories.com/blog/a-brief-history-of-vhs-tapes/>.
"Affordable Quality Media PRoduction." TGA Recording Company Inc.. TGA, 2012. Web. 29 May 2012. <tgarecording.com/>.
Berman, Mark. "History of Television Shows." Opposing Views . N.p., 10 May 2011. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.opposingviews.com/i/history-of-television-shows#>.
"History." Michigan Theater. N.p., 2012. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.michtheater.org/about/history/>.
"History of DVD." Did You Know?. N.p., 6 Feb. 2010. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://didyouknow.org/dvdhistory/>.
Oak, Manali. "History of Blu-ray Technology." Buzzle.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-blue-ray-technology.html>.
Schedeen, Jesse. "The History of 3D Movie Tech." IGN. N.p., 23 Apr. 2010. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.ign.com/articles/2010/04/23/the-history-of-3d-movie-tech>.
"The History of Film, Television, and Video." High-Tech Productions, 2009. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.high-techproductions.com/historyoftelevision.htm>.
"Which Film? The Bride of Frankenstein." WriteWork. N.p., 2003. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.writework.com/essay/which-film-bride-frankenstien-frankenstien-develops-theme>.
Yahnke, Robert E. "Cinema History: Filsm from the Silent Era." Cinema. University of Minnesota, 1996. Web. 26 May 2012. <http://www.tc.umn.edu/~ryahnke/film/cinema1.htm>. Local History 1891 to 1930's In 1935, 'The Bride of Frankenstein' was produced. It was produced party due to the 'Frankenstein' novel, written by Mary Shelley. The earlier film. 'Frankenstein' had been a huge success. The director had intended the new Frankenstein movie to be horrifying. However, this was not the case. instead, a theme was generated from the film, focusing on the importance of human traits and characteristics based on the types of people in society. 1927-1930's Movie
Production 3D Technology Created in 1939, based off the classic children's novel, 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz', this movie gained the title of the best known movie of all time. Renditions of this film include the worldwide known musical, 'Wicked'. Recieveing ten Academy
Awards (including the first
ever Academy Award ever
given), 'Gone with the Wind'
was one of the first American
filmed movies in Technicolor.
It also was the longest
running film of that time,
at 3 hours and 44 minutes,
plus a 15 minute
intermission. Set during World War 2, this 1942 American romance drama captured the essence of love and virtue, instantly becoming one of the most treasured classics of all time. Hollywood icons, such as Marilyn Monroe,
Audrey Hepburn, Elizabeth Taylor and Grace
Kelly, brought an intrigued audience to new
films. Their sex appeal turned heads and
brought the box office millions. NBC network becomes
ABC network in 1946 In 1948, along with scheduled programs, advertisers began buying TV time, increasing viewer rates. Also at this time, cable systems began being made available. With the cable systems and advertisements, the numbers of stations increased dramatically. This factor again increased the number of viewers for daily programs. in 1952, a Television Code was established that set guidelines for content shown on television. By the end of this year, millions had moved into homes, and had gotten television sets, making more shows popular. Bozo's Circus: 1961-1980
60 Minutes: 1968
Happy Days: 1974-1984
Winnie the Pooh: 1988
Blues Clues: 1996
How It's Made: 1999
Cake Boss: 2009
Melissa and Joey: 2010 1930's to 1960's 1940's to Present 1970's to Present Works Cited Pictures. http://www.flickr.com/photos/
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=movie+reel Commissioned by Angelo Poulos, along with architect, Maurice Finkle, the Michigan Theater in Ann Arbor, Michigan was born on January 5th, 1928. Its showing of live musicals and silent films attracted a huge audience. The introduction of talkies resulted in the disbanding of the live orchestras and vaudevilles, at the peak of Hollywood's Golden Age. Throughout the 1930's and 1940's, the theater premiered touring performances or musicals, operas, and local community organizations, including events held by the University of Michigan. In the 1950's and 1960's, the film audience population decreased due to the creation of the Television Set. Later in the decade, early modifications started to take place. Today, showing specialty films, live performances, and home of the Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra, the theater continues to be an essential part of families' lifestyles in the Ann Arbor area, as it remains "a Shrine of Art... and a credit to the community." In 1989, a local from Three Oaks decided to film a movie. They named the file Prancer, and it is all about Santa's reindeer, Prancer. The on-set locations included: Three Oaks Michigan, LaPorte Indiana, New Carlisle Indiana, and Utica Illinois. Located in Benton Harbor Michigan, a local media production company, TGA Recording Company Inc., creates new advanced technological ways to improve all types of media. Theses types include CDs, DVDs, and even Blu-rays. They also make movies. With all of their equipment, the total cost of this corporation is well over a million dollars. Some special qualities are the CD and DVD duplication,
web-casting services, HD video production,
camera stabilization, and audio recording
studios. Finally, the TGA Recording
Company has an in-house production
house where many commercials and
short films are produced and created. In 1903, 'The Great Train Robbery' was produced. This is one of the first silent films. Significance: The Talkie period was another
important period in film history. Due to the
introduction of sound and color, new
companies began developing large-scales
corporations, and spent millions to enhance
the future of movies. Significance: During The Golden Age of Hollywood, genres in movies began to develop in all new ways. The inventions of newer technology, such as 3D entraced viewers and made it even more important for a weekly attendance at the theater. Also, Hollywood icons opened the eyes of people everywhere. They created a sex appeal that worried many conservatives, and worried risuqe reforms later in the century. These controversial film times eventually created restrictions on later movie periods. Significance: During the age of the Television Shows, increased television sets in the home decreased attendance in theaters. Many movies were still made, however there was no great need to spend money on increasing ticket prices when they could view shows and movies form the comfort of their home. These television shows became classics, and were very popular. As the television advanced, with cable and color, new shows came to focus, and people's moral standards changed dramatically. Significance: New technology created the world of movies as we know today. 3D is quite popular, and inventors everywhere are trying to produce HD 3D televisions. 4D is continually increasing its popularity. DVDs are in danger, due to the popularity of Blu-rays. Now, movies can be watched on laptops, portable DVD players, and even i-pods. A new film revolution is just around the corner, and with it, a change in history as we know it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kWr9e4JN5I