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Copy of SS7CG2 The student will explain the structures of the modern

Leadership Preparatory Academy
by

RICARDO BROWN

on 21 October 2015

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Transcript of Copy of SS7CG2 The student will explain the structures of the modern

Tonight for HW, take notes on the following videos. Be sure to label assignments properly
. We will discuss video on 10/21 in class, in place of current events.
Video Notes: NG- Kenya

http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kenya-aids-sci

Video Notes: Kenyan Classroom
http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/vtl07.la.rv.text.kenyaclass/a-look-at-a-kenyan-classroom/

Video Notes: Africa Refugee
http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/africa-famine-refugee-camps-overwhelmed-14199870

a. Compare the republican systems of government in the Republic of Kenya and the Republic of South Africa, and Sudan distinguishing the form of leadership and role of the citizen in terms of voting and personal freedoms.
b. Explain how political, economic, and social conflicts resulted in the independence of South Sudan.
Political conflicts
South Sudan became Africa’s 54th country on July 9, 2011 after a 99% vote in January 2011 to secede.
Why did they want it??
S. Sudan and Sudan have been fighting ever since Sudan received independence from Great Britain in 1956.
Review Questions

What are the two democracies we are studying in Africa?

What type of leader does Sudan have?

Why did South Sudan split from Sudan?

Why do people in Kenya and Sudan do not have access to education?
SS7CG3 The student will analyze how politics in Africa impacts standard of living.
a. Compare how various factors, including gender, affect access to education in Kenya and Sudan.

Literacy Rate is 85%
Government has been improving education as a priority .
Programs for building schools.
Eliminate fees for children to attend school.
85% attend elementary school
24% attend high school
2% college (post high school)

SUDAN'S FACTORS THAT AFFECT ACCESS TO EDUCATION
Literacy Rate is about 61%
Much less than Kenya due to years of civil war.
72% Boys
50% Girls

Military conflict in the countryside has left schools in ruins.
Best chance for an education is in the cities.

SS7CG2 The student will explain the structures of the modern governments of Africa.
SS7CG3 The student will analyze how politics in Africa impacts standard of living.

Republic of Kenya (Federal)
Type of Government-
Parliamentary Democracy
Form of Leadership-
Prime Minister
Role of Citizens-
Citizens 18 and over can vote
Personal Freedoms-

Republic of South Africa (Federal)
Type of Government-
Presidential Republic
Form of Leadership-
President
Role of Citizens-
Citizens over 18 can vote
Personal Freedoms-
Citizens participate freely in their government and can freely join voluntary organizations


Sudan (Unitary)
Type of Government-
Autocratic Dictatorship
Form of Leadership-
Dictator
Role of Citizens/Personal Freedoms-
Citizens cannot participate in government of choosing their leaders



Social Conflicts
This civil war was fought along religious and cultural lines. The Arabs in the north (who were mostly Muslim) were fighting the native Africans in the south (that were either Christians or Animists).
There was very unequal access to education-literacy rate in Sudan is 61%, South Sudan is 27% (women-16%)
Economic Conflicts
•Fighting over oil was another cause of conflict between the 2 countries (South Sudan produces ¾ of the former Sudan’s oil output)
•South Sudan is landlocked-what problems has/will this cause?
•Mostly herding and subsistence agriculture, drought and desertification has led to massive starvation
•Years of civil war has led to poor infrastructure
Large gap between literacy rate of girls and boys.
91% Boys
79% Girls


School attendance is much higher for boys than girls.
Overall attendance drops in rural areas.
It is felt boys need education for better jobs, girls only need to prepare for marriage.

KENYA'S FACTORS THAT AFFECT ACCESS TO EDUCATION
2/3 money is put toward the education of boys, with only 1/3 going toward girls.
Education reform is to expand religious education of students.
Parents in rural areas feel the education of girls is a waste of money and they should only prepare for marriage.
Some girls are sent to school to study the Quran.

People in Kenya and Sudan do not have access to an education because:
Girls do not receive equal access to education due to cultural importance given to the males.
Traditional roles and culture may not put as much importance on education
African governments cannot afford to invest as much of their GDP into education.
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