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Realist VS Idealist people
Transcript of Realist VS Idealist people
By: Tim Wynans
Idealist Rank: 2
Authored The Fourteen Points, his basis for the Treaty of Versailles that would mark the end of the WW I.
First 8 points were on land.
6 last points ideal things.
Suggested the League of Nations.
In end, America didn’t join L of N.
Led Paris Peace Conference.
Was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize for his peace-making efforts.
President of the USA
1. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of
any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
2. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants.
3. The removal, of all economic barriers and the establishment of equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.
4. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.
5. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.
6. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy.
7. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired.
8. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all.
9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.
10. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development.
11. Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into.
12. The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.
13. An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant.
14. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourteen_Points - accessed Sept. 23/13
Realist Rank: 3
Nicknamed the Tiger, he wanted harsh punishment for the Germans.
Scared of another war.
Believed Germany should be “destroyed” or split up so she could never again be the cause of a war.
Tirelessly preached, spoke and wrote about the dangers of a resurgent Germany and predicted in 1940, France would fall to Germany.
Was completely in tune with what the French people wanted from the Peace Treaty of Versailles – the destruction of Germany.
Prime Minister of France
David Lloyd George
Idealist and Realist Rank: 4
Told a journalist that “the fight must be to a finish – to a knockout”, a rejection of President Wilson’s offer to mediate.
Compared working at the conference like working between Jesus Christ (US) and Napoleon (France).
Wanted punishment to Germany, but wanted German economy to strive because they were a trading partner.
David Lloyd George
Prime Minister of Britain
Idealist Rank: 1
Created the Communist Manifesto.
Was the co-editor of a new radical leftist German newspaper.
Created a version of Communism called Marxism.
Marxism = utopian society.
USSR/China version of Marxism = Totalitarian.
Founder of Marxism, later called Communism
The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt to
explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory underlying this movement. It argues that class struggles, or the exploitation of one class by another, are the motivating force behind all historical developments. Class relationships are defined by an era's means of production. However, eventually these relationships cease to be compatible with the developing forces of production. At this point, a revolution occurs and a new class emerges as the ruling one. This process represents the "march of history" as driven by larger economic forces.
Modern Industrial society in specific is characterized by class conflict between the bourgeoisie and proletariat. However, the productive forces of capitalism are quickly ceasing to be compatible with this exploitative relationship. Thus, the proletariat will lead a revolution. However, this revolution will be of a different character than all previous ones: previous revolutions simply reallocated property in favor of the new ruling class. However, by the nature of their class, the members of the proletariat have no way of appropriating property. Therefore, when they obtain control they will have to destroy all ownership of private property, and classes themselves will disappear.
The Manifesto argues that this development is inevitable, and that capitalism is inherently unstable. The Communists intend to promote this revolution, and will promote the parties and associations that are moving history towards its natural conclusion. They argue that the elimination of social classes cannot come about through reforms or changes in government. Rather, a revolution will be required.
The Communist Manifesto has four sections. In the first section, it discusses the Communists' theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie. The second section explains the relationship between the Communists and the proletarians. The third section addresses the flaws in other, previous socialist literature. The final section discusses the relationship between the Communists and other parties.
SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Communist Manifesto.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.
: the political, economic, and social theories
of Karl Marx including the belief that the struggle between social classes is a major force in history and that there should eventually be a society in which there are no classes.
Full Definition of MARXISM
: the political, economic, and social principles and policies advocated by Marx; especially : a theory and practice of socialism including the labor theory of value, dialectical materialism, the class struggle, and dictatorship of the proletariat until the establishment of a classless society
— Marx•ist \-sist\ noun or adjective
See Marxism defined for English-language learners »
First Known Use of MARXISM
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/marxism accessed on Sept. 23/13