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George Berkeley

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Alyssa Estrada

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of George Berkeley

Background
George Berkeley
Alyssa Estrada
Philosophical Works
Main Argument
- Principle & Dialogue
- critique of materialism ( the doctrine that material things exist).
- Berkeley states that no material things exist.
-rejected that material things are mind-independent
- esse est percipi- to be is to be perceived
-claims that it promotes skepticism and atheism
- Philosophical arguments
- representationalist materialism
-Principle 4
- the likeness principle
-resemblance
When we do our utmost to conceive the existence of external bodies, we are all the while only contemplating our own ideas. But the mind taking no notice of itself, is deluded to think it can and doth conceive bodies existing unthought of or without the mind; though at the same time they are apprehended by or exist in it self. (PHK 22–23)
- 1685-1753
- philosopher, metaphysician, thinker
- famous for defending idealism
- born near Kilkenny, Ireland
- entered Trinity College at age 15 in Dublin
- ordained in the Anglican Church
- he encountered the new science and philosophy of the late 17th century at Trinity.
- religious interest
- interest in psychology of vision, morals, mathematics, physics, medicine, and economics
- influenced Hume & Kant
- his main targets were Locke & Descartes
- An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision (1709)
- Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710)
- Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713)
- De Motu (1720)
- Alciphron (1728)
- The Analyst
- Siris (1744)
Idealism vs. Materialism
Berkeley's Oncology
- God's Existence
-infinite
- the cause of our sensory ideas
-objects exist because God is always there
- Sensory Ideas
- ordinary objects exist because of our senses
Works Cited
1. http://www.iep.utm.edu/berkeley/
2. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/berkeley/
3. http://www.skepticink.com/believingbullshit/2012/11/24/berkeleys-idealism-explained-simply/
Full transcript