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1984 By George Orwell

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on 28 May 2015

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Transcript of 1984 By George Orwell

Individual Significant
Quotes
Author Background
Motifs
Symbols
1984

Caleigh Pickard
Dylan Owens
Brandon Weidling
Britton Alley

1984
by George Orwell
Historical and Cultural
Background

Historical Background
Brief Biography
Eric Arthur Blair: born in Motihari, Bengal, India 25 June 1903 and died 21 January 1950
Worked as a novelist, essayist, and critic
Grew up in England
Studied at Eton college
Joined the India Imperial Police Force in 1922
Resigned and returned to England
Down and Out in Paris
and London: first major work about living in poverty, used pseudonym George Orwell to not embarrass his family
Best known for his novels
Animal Farm
and
Nineteen Eighty Four
Themes
Inspiration
Works Cited
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/08/12/george-orwell-s-letter-on-why-he-wrote-1984.html
na. "George Orwell." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015
Shmoop Editorial Team. "George Orwell Timeline of Important Dates." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 22 Apr. 2015
"George Orwell's Letter On Why He Wrote 1984". thedailybeast.com. Superstate, 12 Aug. 2013. Web. 22. Apr. 2015
na. "1940-1949 World History." infoplease. Sandbox Networks, Inc. nd. Web. nd
Johnson, Ben. "World War II Timeline-1940." historic-uk. np. nd. Web. nd
na. "The Rise of Adolf Hitler." historyplace. The History Place. 1996. Web. nd
Wrote a letter in 1944 stating that he feared the rise of Stalin, The Anglo-American millionaires, and fuhrers
"But if the sort of world that I am afraid of arrives, a world of two or three great superstates which are unable to conquer one another, two and two could become five if the fuhrer wished it." -George Orwell (Oceania, Eastasia, and Euraisa).
During the Spanish civil war, Orwell fought for six months (December 1936-June 1937) against the Facist
The Telescreens
The Diary
September 1919- Adolf Hitler joins the Nazi Party
1930- Adolf Hitler begins his political campaign
30 January 1933- Adolf Hitler becomes the chancellor of Germany
Hitler manipulates Hindenburg into dissolving the Reichstag and calls for new elections to be held on March 5th, 1933
5 March 1933- Nazis lose election
23 March 1933- Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich is passed by the newly elected Reichstag
February 1933- Joseph Goebbels and Hermann Göring plan to burn the Reichstag with Hitler's approval
Characters
Winston Smith
Protagonist
Against The Party
The Diary
Ministry of Truth
Big Brother
Leader of The Party
Political Figure
Symbolic mouthpiece of The Party
Not a physical person
BB must live forever
Julia
Winston's Love Interest
Ministry of Truth
Against the Party's Doctrines
O'Brien
Member of Inner Party
Lives a double life
Creator of the Emmanuel Goldstein Rebellion/Revolution
Mr. Charrington
Mr. and Mrs. Parsons
Syme
Good vs. Evil
Manipulation
Fear
Historical Background
"The proles, normally apathetic about the war" The Party used propaganda to manipulate the proles, "Into one of their periodical frenzies of patriotism" (Orwelll 163).
"The terrible thing that the Party had done was to persuade you that mere impulses, mere feelings. were of no account" Members of the Party were taught to lose all sense of emotion and freewill, "While at the same time robbing you of all power over the material world." (Orwell 180).
"The new tune which was to be theme song of Hate Week (the "Hate Song," it was called)" Is a song to manipulate the proles and outer party members, "had already be composed and was being endlessly plugged on the telescreens" (Orwell 163).
Friend of Winston
Owner of a very old shop
27 February 1933- Nazi storm troopers under the direction of Göring along with the communist Marinus van der Lubbe from Holland burn the Reichstag
1936-1939- Spanish Civil War
Orwell began writing
Nineteen Eighty Four
in the 1940s while living in England
assimilation of migrants prior to World War II
3 September 1939- England enters World War II
10 May 1940- Winston Churchill becomes Britain's Prime Minister
24 August 1940- Central London is attacked for the first time by the Luftwaffe by German bombers
7 September 1940- London Blitz
8 May 1945- VE day, Germany surrenders
Neighbor and co-worker of Winston
Historical Background
Active in community groups
Truly believes everything The Party claims
"One did not know what happened inside the ministry of love" which was a branch of the Party that tortured anyone who broke the will or rules the Party established "But it was possible to guess: your nervous reactions, gradual wearing-down by sleeplessness and solitude and persistent questioning" (Orwell 182).
"There were moments when he foresaw the things that would happen to him with such actuality that his heart galloped and his breath stopped" (Orwell 251).
Friend of Winston's.
Totalitarianism
political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible
Philologist that works on the NewSpeak dictionary.
Vaporized
Winston and inner party member O'Brien discuss that they are, "Enemies of the Party" Winston also, "Disbelieves in the principles of Ingsoc". Winston wants to join the organization working against the Party (Orwell 185).
"Later I shall send you a book from which you will learn the the nature of the society we live in, and the strategy by which we shall destroy it" (Orwell 190).
The Dangers of Totalitarianism
Absolute Power
The support of Communism
Portal between the past, present and future.
Coping mechanism
Opposition to government
Big Brother
Government invasion of privacy
False trustworthiness of government
Totalitarian leadership
No privacy
Way of controlling everyone
Doublethink
Individual Significant Quotes
Under absolute rule, anything that belongs to someone can be taken, even his or her mind.
Individual Significant
Quotes
Individual Significant
Quotes
Britton Alley:
"He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother" (Orwell 326).
"So long as they were actually in this room, they both felt no harm could come to them" (Orwell 152).
"Sexual intercourse was to be looked on as a slightly disgusting minor operation, like having an enema" (Orwell 69).

Brandon Weidling: “If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself.” (Orwell
Dylan Owens:
Caleigh Pickard:
“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past” (Orwell 35).
“They can’t get inside of you. If you can feel that staying human is worth while, even when it can’t have any result whatever, you’ve beaten them” (Orwell 166).
“Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing” (Orwell 292).

“’If he thinks he floats off the floor and I simultaneously think I see him do it, then it happens’” (Orwell 278).
“To know and to not know, to be conscious of complete truthfulness while telling carefully constructed lies, to hold simultaneously two opinions which canceled out, knowing them to be contradictory and believing in both of them, to use logic against logic, to repudiate morality while laying claim to it, to believe that democracy is impossible and that the Party was the guardian of democracy" (Orwell 35).
Totalitarian Regimes
Hitler's Nazi Germany
Stalin's Soviet Union
George Orwell
Tuberculosis
Propaganda
"Orwellian"
Personal Experience
1940-1943 in Britain
Employed by BBC (British Ministry of Information)
Disconnection between reality and information presented to the public
Doublethink
Hold two contradictory ideas
"Critical Thinking"
Completely forbidden
Manipulation
The Party's source of punishment
Beaten till believed what is said to be "true"
"2+2=5"
Fear
Thought Police
Ministry of Love
Friends, Family, and Neighbors
Good vs. Evil
The use of technology, which typically holds a positive affect on a society, can actually facilitate and negative or even a sort of evil over a society.
Big Brother
"But the face of Big Brother seemed to persist for several seconds on the screen, as though the impact that it had made on everyone's eyeballs were too vivid to wear off immediately" (Orwell 19).
"In the Two Minutes Hate he could not help sharing in the general delirium, but this subhuman chanting of "B-B! ... B-B!" always filled him with horror" (Orwell 20).
"He loved Big Brother" (Orwell 326).
"It was almost normal for people over thirty to be frightened of their own children" (Orwell 28)
"The essential act of war is destruction, not necessarily of human lives, but of the products of human labor" (Orwell 208).
"Which do you wish: to persuade me that you see five, or really to see them?" (Orwell 275).
"He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother" (Orwell 326).
Winston's relationship with certain characters
Big Brother
The Telescreens
"Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so long as he remained withing the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard" (Orwell 5).
"Winston kept his back turned to the telescreen. It was safer; though, as he well knew, even a back can be revealing" (Orwell 5).
"You are the dead," said and iron voice behind them" (Orwell 242).
The Diary
"The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty-five years in a forced-labor camp" (Orwell 9).
"His pen had slid voluptuously over the smooth paper, printing in large neat capitals- DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" (Orwell 21).
"Almost unconsciously he traced with his finger in the dust of the table: 2+2=5" (Orwell 317).
"His mind, as though shying away from something, seemed unable to concentrate. He knew that he knew what came next, but for the moment he could not recall
it" (Orwell 303).
"Nothing will remain of you: not a name in a register, not a memory in a living brain" (Orwell 278-279).
"Your worst enemy, he reflected, was your own nervous system" (Orwell 71).
"For some reason the telescreen in the living room was in an unusual position" (Orwell 8).
"You are prepared to cheat, to forge, to blackmail, to corrupt the minds of children, to distribute habit forming drugs,... to do anything which is likely to cause
demoralization and weaken the power of The Party?" (Orwell 189).
"Without any warning except a slight movement of O'Brien's hand, a wave of pain flooded his body" (Orwell 268).
Full transcript