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Learn About The Gods and Goddesses!

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Nicolette McIntosh

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Learn About The Gods and Goddesses!

Learn About The GOds and Goddesses!
By: Nicolette
By: Emma
By: Fiona

Hathor (Sekhemet)
"God of The Sun"

Ra has a big family. His wife is Mut, and his daughters are Bast, Sekhmet, and Hathor
Ra is one of the three most important gods
Ra sails across the heavens in a boat
At midday the sun is Ra
Usermaatra means "the powerful and cosmic influence of Ra"
There is an army named after him
Ra used to be the creator god
The most usual form of Ra is a man with the head of a hawk and a solar disk on top and a coiled serpent around the disk
In later Egyptian dynastic times, Ra was merged with the god Horus
All forms of life were believed to have been created by Ra, who called each of them into existence by speaking their secret names. Alternatively humans were created from Ra's tears and sweat, hence the Egyptians call themselves the "Cattle of Ra"
Hathor enjoyed significant cult following
She evolved into a few goddesses with interesting functions/associations such as being depicted as a woman with two cows horns that hold a disk, a woman with cows ears horns, or a full body cow
Her symbols are sistrum (the horns and sun disk head dress), papyrus reed, menant (a ritual symbolizing rebirth with percussive properties, also mirrors)
She was the daughter of Ra and Nut
She looked after all women and when women died they were identified with her as men were identified with Osiris
She had another side as well she was also Sekhemet the destructive sun goddess and eye of Ra
"Goddess of motherhood, magic and fertility"
She was worshiped as the ideal mother and wife as well as the patroness of nature and magic
Her headdress is a throne
The pharaoh was depicted as her child
Osiris is her brother-husband and Horus is her son
Isis was the first daughter of Geb, god of the Earth, and Nut, goddess of the Sky
Her husband Osiris was murdered by his jealous brother Set, so she used her magical powers to put his body back together and resurrect him
She is the only goddess who was magical powers
It was believed that the Nile River flooded every year because of the tears of sorrow which Isis wept for Osiris T
"God of the Afterlife"
Horus is his son
He was classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. Both of these items are signs of royalty
At times was considered the oldest son of Geb and Nut
Isis is his sister-wife (his sister who he married)
Many prayers are made to him on behalf of the mummified dead because once he supposedly was killed and reborn as a god
His statues are in tombs as good luck
He was once the king of egypt
Anubis (the god of afterlife) with the help of Isis brought Osiris back to life
Osiris was the very first mummy
Identified as the god of reincarnation
. Daughter of Geb and Nut
. Sister of Osiris and Isis and Set
. Wife of Set
. Mother of Anubis
. Has the title of "Lady of the house" and "Friend of the dead"
.Guards the dead
.Wings symbolize protection
. Good little monster god
. Protects children
. Loves music , dance , and games
. Has horns, big ears and wears a leopard skin
. Important protector of women who are pregnant
. It is believed that if a child smiles for no reason it is because Bes is playing with the child
. Represents the heat of the sun to make things grow
. Protector of family and women
. Goddess of pleasure, dance and music
. Shown as a women with the head of a cat
. Cunning and affectionate like a domestic cat
. Fierce like a lion
. Daughter of Ra , Sister of Hathor
. Also known as "Lady of fire" and "Eye of Ra"
. Supreme god of Egypt
. Creator of heaven and earth
. Husband of Amunet
. Depicted as a goose, snake, and mostly ram
. Female partner is Amaunet
. Worshipped in other counrties, in greece he is known as Zeus
. Name means hidden light
. Beleived that he created himself then his surroundings

Son of Nut and Geb brother of Osiris ,Horus, Isis, and Nepthys
He also portrayed as a man with a demonic head resembling that of an aardvark
Some pharaohs incorporated Set's name into theirs
Originaly Set was the patron god of the pharaohs of lower (Northern) Egypt and Horus the patron of the pharaohs of upper(Southern) Egypt
Known for murdering Osiris
But as the cult of Osiris grew and grew more knew of the story of Osiris' death. Set became portrayed as evil and more chaotic.
Horus got revenge on Set by sending him to an abandon alone desert for all time
After being banished by Horus he spent time devoted to protecting Ra on his nightly voyage to the underworld

Ma'at was the woman with the feather on her head
She was the daughter of Ra
She was the wife of Thoth
She was the sister of the air god Shu
Ma'at had eight children with Thoth
The ostrich feather on top of her head symbolizes the concept of order, balance, law, and truth
She always appears in human form nothing else
Ma'at judged the souls of the dead in "The Hall of the Two Truths"
The ancient egyptian word Ma'at means truth
"God of Knowledge, Hieroglyphs and Wisdom"

Thoth was considered one of the most important gods of the Egyptian pantheon
He was often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis or a baboon, animals sacred to him
His feminine counterpart was Seshat but his wife was Ma'at
He played many vital and prominent roles in Egyptian mythology. Some of these were maintaining the universe and being one of the two gods or goddesses to stand on the sides of Ra's boat
Thoth was originally a moon god
Thoth is credited by the ancient egyptians as the inventor of writing
He was also considered to be the scribe of the underworld
He is given credit with the invention of the heavens, stars, and earth
He suposedly does not have any parents, he is so powerful he created himself
Thoth is well rumored as a record keeper

"Goddess of beauty, music, dance, joy, mother hood, and love"
"Storm god associated with frightening and chaotic events such as eclipses, thunderstorms, and earthquakes "
"Goddess of truth,justice,and harmony"
Head of the jackal
He was the god of the dead who embalmed Osiris
Guided the mummy to Osirisand presided over the weighing of the heart
Figures of Anubis are usualy placed into tombs
His sacred animal was the jackal
Osiris eventually took over his role
"God of embalming, the dead, mumification,and the cemiteries"
"Protector of the dead"
"God of games and children"
"God kings, king of gods"
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