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Social and Ethical Significance
Transcript of Social and Ethical Significance
SIGNIFICANCE RELIABILITY: The operation of hardware, the design of software, the accuracy of data or the correspondence of data with the real world. Data is not as useful if entered incorrectly or if it becomes outdated. Reliabilty and Integrity INTEGRITY: Refers to the correspondence of data with itself at its creation. Refers to the protection of hardware, software, machines, and networks from unauthorized access, alteration, or destruction. SECURITY The ability of individuals and groups to determine for themselves when, how, and to what extent the information about themselves is shared with others. PRIVACY AND ANONYMITY Includes ideas, discoveries, writings, works of art, software, collections and presentations of data. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Refers to the establishment of the user's identity beyond reasonable doubt. AUTHENTICITY Information technology has the potential to offer universal access to information, regardless of distance, age, race, gender or other personal characteristics. However, the above characteristics, and cost, can also bar individuals or groups from access. DIGITAL DIVIDE AND EQUALITY OF ACCESS An image used by police to illustrate slain Brazilian electrician Jean Charles de Menezes' physical resemblance to a terrorist was digitally altered The faces of Jean Charles de Menezes, right half, and Hussein Osman, left half, are seen placed together in this handout photograph that was shown at the Central Criminal Court in London.
Photo: Reuters (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr As an instrument of control, IT improves reliability, accuracy and speed of systems. However, it can also be used to control people. SURVEILLANCE GLOBALIZATION: The diminishing importance of geographical, political, economic, and cultural boundaries, often caused by information technology
CULTURAL DIVERSITY: The new global village provides a worldwide cultural awareness, but may also lead to less diversity. GLOBALIZATION AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY Enforceable measures intended to promote appropriate use, often developed by governments, businesses, and private groups or individuals. POLICIES Example: A national policy on information technology security would need to define what constitutes unlawful access to networks and how to treat transgression. Standards and protocols are technical rules and conventions that enable compatibility and therefore facilitate communication or interoperability between different IT systems and their components. They might govern the design and use of hardware, software and information. For example, the communication protocols used on the internet, the ASCII representations for characters, or the design of the printer port on a personal computer are all governed by standards. STANDARD AND PROTOCOL The interaction of humans with information technology hardware raises all the issues encountered in the social and ethical issues section, as well as additional ones PEOPLE AND MACHINES Digital citizenship can be defined as appropriate behaviour that represents the responsible, ethical
and legal approach that individuals take in any situation with respect to the use of IT. Digital citizenship
permeates, in one way or another, all of the preceding social and ethical considerations DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP For more information:
http://www.ruthtrumpold.id.au/itgswiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.SocialAndEthicalAreas This is what you need to know from
ITGS syllabus: The presentation will go through each point Developments of Digital that have contributed Violation of Intellectual Property increased capacity of storage and speed device e.g hard disks CD - ROMS and DVD storage of data in normal standard forms e.g text/rft, sound/mp3, graphics/jpg the ease of being able to convert text, music, photo's graphics into digital form using scanners, digital cameras, music conversion and software to create mp3 increased speed of transmitting digital information via the internet, networks or between computers e.g. increased speed through connections such as ISDN, FIBER OPTIC CABLES, FIREWALL CONNECTIONS Negative Impacts on Artists Artists do not receive and compensation for music which has been freely down loaded from the internet example youtube The artists becomes depressed psychologically about his work being available free without his consent making the artist stop producing work Positive Impacts on Artists more music fans become aware of unknown musicians work via the internet example people put themselves on the internet and are discovered Justin Beiber Online books allow authors to sell their books online as e-books direct to reader. Readers type in what they are looking the e-book appears and readers are able to buy using paypal