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Transcript of Korea
Any military action can put American forces in South Korea WHAT IS KOREA ANYWAYS? images by Ryan Lestrada @ tumblr Sally Brander, Ashley Eng, Kyna Horten, Tyler Vorel, Zach Shuster Social Division Academic
Advancements Inventions and Discoveries Academic
Privilege Schools Who? Not just anyone could attend schooling.
So who could get an education?
-Men who were wealthy, had fame, and/or had a high social status
-Not surprisingly, women were not permitted to be educated Curriculum Gender-based Rights:
Male vs. Female Family Duties Marriage Goguryeo Kingdom: university of Tae-Hak literacy, Confucianism, and martial arts Silla Kingdom: Guk-Hak was established and taught about the Chinese Classics (a volume of books written in classical Chinese about Confucianism, math, agriculture, medicine, etc) Koryo Dynasty(918-1392): first iron coins minted
Early Joseon Dynasty(~1392): first copper coins minted- replaces iron
Early-Mid Joseon Dynasty(1400- ?): first paper money minted
Late Joseon Dynasty (1633-1892): Coins denominated in "mun" dominates circulation
of other currencies Differing Civil Rights Between Dynasties Around the Three Kingdoms of Korea [52-676 AD]: ~10 years old
Joseon Dynasty: 18 years for boys; 15 years for girls; as young as 12 for certain exceptions Suitable Ages for Grooms and Brides Naming Conventions Trade Goryeo Dynasty: Korea had a healthy trade relationship with the Arabians, Japanese, Chinese, and Manchurians. An example of prosperous, international trade port is Pyongnam. Koreans offered brocades, jewelries, ginseng, silk, and porcelain, renowned famous worldwide.
Joseon Dynasty: Confucianism was adopted as the national philosophy in place of Buddhism. Goryeo Cheongja porcelains were replaced by white Baekja, which lost favour of the Chinese and the Arabians. Agriculture prioritized over commerce. traditionally, women kept her father's surname, even after marriage
children would adopt their father's family name [Women have frequently been portrayed as lower class citizens throughout Korean history, both among their standing in bureaucratic endeavors, as well as their subservient positions within their households and within the public domain. During the Koryo Dynasty, women held far more rights than those of the Joseon Dynasty.
The right to divorce was give to women of the Koryo Dynasty with no fear of social condemnation or ostracization.] power and equality for women was:
Silla Dynasty > Koryo Dynasty > Joseon Dynasty Oldest son was head of family
Even if the eldest child was a daughter, the next oldest son would still become head
Daughters would marry and become part of her husband's family great sense of respect and duty to one's parents, ancestors, and elders
eldest child took care of parents in their old age ==> lack of nursing homes
children were expected to obey their parents, hold appropriate funeral services after their deaths, and to continue to pay homage to their deceased ancestors Buddhism Confucianism Shamanism Animalism first of 4 religions
no systematic structure
considered religion of fear and superstition
gradually gave way to Buddhism and Confucianism men have souls that never die
good spirits=good luck to living
evil spirits=misfortune to humans
had a shaman, one man who could link living world with the spiritual, give you better luck, cure sickness, and give passage to afterlife belief that all of nature's objects have a soul branched off of Shamanism introduced in 372 AD, Koguryo Kingdom
First by monk, Sundo
switched so government could be established
came from china
688 CE Buddhism became state religion
Shamanism did not die off highly disciplined philosophical religion
belief in karma
promotes personal salvation through rebirth, reincarnation 1392 CE, Joseon Dynasty
Yi Song-gye tried to get rid off Buddhism and establish Confucianism
based around government
Shamanism and Buddhism still around -belief in benevolent love, righteousness, decorum
-developed Confucian system of education
-belief in a god The Joseon Dynasty: the greatest period of scientific advancement and included: -discoveries in the medical field
-astronomy: inventions to determine the sun, moon, and stars' placement; the discovery of "heavenly phenomena" such as solar eclipses
-inventions to make life easier, including a self activated water clock for accurate visual of time Seong-Gyun-Gwan Kingdom: continued to raise level of education, taught Confucianism and methods for government officials
1. "Yangban", or scholar-officials who had passed the civil service examinations that tested knowledge of the Confucian teachings and Buddhism.
2. "Chungin"(literally "middle people")- technicians and administrators subordinate to the yangban
3. Commoners or "sangmin", a large group composed of farmers, craftsmen, and merchants
and then there were the
4. ch'ommin (literally despised people) Yangban Major Political Figures There were many political leaders in Korea but only a few truly stand out. One leader that truly stands out is Queen Sondok.She was the ruler of Silla, one of the three kingdoms on the peninsula. She was the first woman to become a queen in Korea. Her father, King Chinp’yong, reigned for fifty years, but had no sons to inherit the throne. Since she was his eldest daughter, she became queen when he died. Under her rule she defended her kingdom, Silla, from invaders of the other two powerful kingdoms. Types of Government Another very powerful political ruler of Korea was King Sejong. King Sejong was the founder of the Choson dynasty. King Sejongs brother was suppose to receive the throne but it was passed over to King Sejong. He was married at the age of twelve. This was normal during his time. While King Sejong was ruling his most famous contribution to Korea was he created the Korean alphabet, Hangul.
Clans/Tribes [up to 108 BC]
Militant Government [108 BC to mid 600s]
Monarchy [mid 600s to 935]
Bureaucratic Empire [935 to 1392]